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HomePublicationJournalsWenwu (Cultural Relics)
Wenwu 2013-2
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2013-05-14

Shigushan Archaeological Team The Excavation of the Western Zhou Tombs at Shigushan in Baoji, Shaanxi
School of Cultural Heritage , Northwest University Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology Chunhua County Museum
The Excavation of Zaoshugounao Site in Chunhua
County, Shaanxi in 2007
.........................................................................................55
Luo Erhu On the Early Cities in the Yangtze River Valley.....67
Wang Hao et al. A Preliminary Study on the Western Zhou Tombs at Shigushan
.........................................................................................77

 


The Excavation of the Western Zhou Tombs at Shigushan in Baoji, Shaanxi
Shigushan Archaeological Team
In June 2012, some bronzes were occasionally discovered on Shigushan (Stone Drum Hill) at Shizuitou Village, Shigu Town in Baoji City, Shaanxi. The location where the bronzes were found was identified as an ancient tomb (M3) by cultural heritage institutions. Before that, in March and April 2012, bronzes of the Western Zhou Dynasty were also discovered in nearby area and they were also speculated to be unearthed from tombs (Ml and M2). The types of Ml and M2 were not clear, from which bronzes and jades were unearthed. M3 was recovered as a rectangular vertical earthen shaft pit tomb with ledges surrounding the bottom, on which weapons, horse fittings, etc. were set. On the east, north and west walls above the ledges, six recesses were found, in which bronze ritual vessels and other grave goods were found, and many of them had inscriptions. The burial furniture was in the center of the grave, which consisted of two layers of outer coffins and one inner coffin. The burial type and the unearthed grave goods showed that the date of these three tombs was the early Western Zhou Dynasty.

 


The Excavation of Zaoshugounao Site in Chunhua County, Shaanxi in 2007
School of Cultural Heritage,   Northwest University
Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology
Chunhua County Museum
Zaoshugounao Site was found in 2005 and formally excavated in 2006, by which large amounts of remains from the Neolithic Age to the Sui and Tang Dynasties were recovered, and that of the Proto-Zhou Period were the richest. To further understand the distribution and date of the Proto-Zhou remains , in April, through July 2007, archaeologists conducted the second term of excavation uncovering about 1000 sq m in total. The excavation recovered kilns, ash pits, ash ditches and burials of the Proto-Zhou Period and unearthed large amounts of potteries and implements made of bone and stone. The Proto-Zhou remains in this site could be roughly divided into three phases, showing that this site had been inhabited for a rather long time.

 


A Preliminary Study on the Western Zhou Tombs at Shigushan
Wang Hao,  Liu Dong and Xin Yihua
In June 2012, some bronzes were occasionally discovered on Shigushan at Shizuitou Village, Shigu Town in Baoji City, Shaanxi. The location where the bronzes were found was identified as an ancient tomb ( M3) by cultural heritage institutions. This tomb had features of multi -recesses, wide ledges and chariots buried in the grave with the tomb occupant, etc. The bronze ritual vessel assemblage in the grave goods was complete, and the ritual vessels were in huge size and with exquisite decorative designs, the No. 1 jin-stsnd was the first and only bronze jin-stand scientifically discovered to date. The unearthed grave goods showed that the occupant of M3 was a high-ranking aristocrat in the early Western Zhou Dynasty and the Shigushan Western Zhou Cemetery was the family cemetery of the Hu Clan. The discovery of the Hu Clan cemetery made up the gap in the historic literature and enriched the distributions of the fiefs of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties in Baoji area. The discovery of M3 provided new data for the Archaeology of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties and important references for the researches on the burial systems.

 
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