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HomePublicationJournalsWenwu (Cultural Relics)
Wenwu 2013-1
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2013-05-14

Nanjing Museum
Xuyi County Bureau of Culture, Broadcasting and News
The Excavation of the Royal Mausoleum No. 2 of the Vassal King of Jiangdu State of the Western Han Dynasty
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Changzhou Museum The Excavation of the Ming Tombs at Huaide South Road in Changzhou.Jiangsu
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Wang Penghui On the Jiaoxi ( Horn-shaped Bodkin ) Unearthed in Xinjiang Prehistoric Archaeology

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Qi Haonan Two Pairs of British Musical Clocks Collected in Palace Museum

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The Excavation of the Royal Mausoleum No.2 of the Vassal King of Jiangdu State of the Western Han Dynasty
Nanjing Museum Xuyi County Bureau of Culture, Broadcasting and News
The Royal Mausoleums of the Vassal Kings of Jiangdu State are located atop Dayun Hill in Xuyi County, Jiangsu, 1 km to the south of which is the site of Dongyang City of the Han Dynasty. In 2009 through 2012, Nanjing Museum revealed a mausoleum precinct of the vassal kings of the Western Han Dynasty on Dayun Hill, from which three main tombs, 11 attendant tombs, two chariot-and-horse pits and two weapon storage pits were discovered, as well as graveyard architectures and facilities. This report is that of the excavation of Tomb No.2, which was a vertical pit tomb cut out of the bedrock and in a中-shaped plan. This tomb was coupled with Tomb No.l under the same tumulus but in separate graves. It had been disturbed before excavation but still yielded 218 pieces (or sets) of grave goods including bronzes, iron implements, gold wares, lacquer wares, jades, potteries, etc. The date of its entombment might be in 129 to 127 BC, and its occupant was the queen of the first generation of the vassal king of Jiangdu State, whose maiden name might be "Lian".

 


The Excavation of the Ming Tombs at Huaide South Road in Changzhou, Jiangsu
Changzhou Museum
In 2005, Changzhou Museum conducted rescue excavation to two tombs of the Ming Dynasty located on Huaide South Road in downtown Changzhou. Both of the tombs were stone-chamber tombs built with sticky rice-lime mortar, the burial furniture of which was wooden outer and inner coffins. In these two tombs, 37 artifacts were unearthed, including bronzes, silver wares, wooden objects and textiles. The excavators suggested that the dates of these two tombs were in the mid Ming Dynasty and their occupants were local elite people. Large amounts of textiles were unearthed from Ml of them, which provided new materials for the research on the costumes of the Ming Dynasty.

 


On the Jiaoxi (Horn-shaped Bodkin) Unearthed in Xinjiang Prehistoric Archaeology
Wang Penghui
In the archaeological materials of the Bronze Age to early Iron Age in Xinjiang, very few cases of the artifacts named "xi 觹" have been found. Referring to the records about wearing xi in the pre-Qin historic literature, the archaeological materials from the Central Plains and ethnography, the horn-like shape of this kind of object can be defined as for releasing rope knots and mounting and releasing bowstring from the bow, etc. It is more scientific to name this kind of artifacts as jiaoxi 角觹; in the materials of the prehistoric archaeology in Xinjiang, large amounts of jiaoxi can be identified. Jiaoxi met the demand of releasing rope knots and so on, and became an important cultural element of the nomadic ethnic groups living in the Eurasian hinterland.

 
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