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HomePublicationJournalsWenwu (Cultural Relics)
Wenwu 2012-5
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2012-12-18

The Stone Guo-sarcophagus of Empress Zhenshun in the Jingling Mausoleum of the Tang Dynasty
Cheng Xu et al.
The Jingling mausoleum of the Tang dynasty belonged to Empress Zhenshun,the wife of Emperor Xuanzong. It lies to the west of the Pangliu Village,Dazhao Town,Chang’an District,Xi’an City,Shaanxi Province. The stone guo -sarcophagus in  the tomb  chamber was a single -eaved building with a hipped roof,three bays wide and two deep. Its inner and outer surfaces are covered with carvings and coloured paintings. On the outer surface,most of the carvings and paintings are mythological figures,flowers and birds,and surrounded by designs of flowers,grass,animals,and clouds. On the inner surface,the images depict noblewomen within a floral border. There are many auspicious animals carved on the base of the stone chamber. This is the largest and the highest-level guo-sarcophagus ever found in China. It provides important material for the study of the systems of burial and the painting history of the Tang dynasty.

Excavation of the Sa’ensayi Cemetery in Urumchi,Xinjiang
Xinjiang Institution of Cultural Relics and Archaeology Urumchi Municipal Office for the Preservation of Cultural Relics
The Sa’ensayi cemetery is situated on a two -level stepped earth formation at the mouth of the Sa’ensayi valley of Baiyanggou Village in the southern suburb of Urumchi City,Xinjiang. From the year 2006 to 2008,a collaborative archaeological team excavated the graveyard. 180 tombs were excavated. More than 300 objects (counting both individual pieces and groups) were unearthed,including pottery, bronzes,and objects of iron,stone,and bone. The cemetery was active from the Bronze Ages to the Han through Tang dynasties. The tombs are various in form and cultural features. This excavation provides
important materials for the study of the relationship between the bronze cultures in northwest China and the cultures of the Eurasian steppe,and also helps to shed light on the origin and development of the former.

Excavation  of  the  Cultural  Remains  in  Front  of  the  Bezeklik  Thousand  Buddha  Caves
Xinjiang Institution of Cultural Relics and Archaeology
From August to September,archaeologists carried out a rescue excavation on the area in front of the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves in Turpan basin,Xinjiang. 55 varying discoveries were made,including the remains of caves,buildings,stupas,and so on. Most of the remains  can  be  dated  to  the time of the Uighur kingdom of Khocho. The unearthed objects  include  pottery,textiles,documents,and objects of stone,iron,wood,and bone. In several  caves,murals  and  floor  paintings  were  also  found. This excavation provides new materials for the study of the cultural meaning of the Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves.

 
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