Excavation of a Tomb of the State of Chu from the Spring and Autumn Period in Libamiao，Nanyang，Henan
Nanyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology
In the year 2004， archaeologists excavated a tomb of the state of Chu from the middle to late Spring and Autumn period in Libamiao，Nanyang City. It was a small-scale rectangular vertical-pit tomb. There were some bronze objects unearthed，including 20 weapons and 7 ritual bronzes of various types，including Ding，Yan，Yi，and so on. In the inscription on the Ding M1∶1，its owner called himself“Fan Zi”.Archaeologists suggest that “Fan Zi” was not the occupant of the tomb，but the king of the Fan state.
The occupant may have been a noble of Chu. This Ding may have been a present from the king of Fan，or the spoils of war. Discovery of the Fan Zi Ding provides important material for the study of the history and geographical position of the ancient Fan state.
Excavation of Tomb M301 of the Late Spring and Autumn Period in Pingdingshan，Henan
Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology Pingdingshan Municipal Office of Cultural Relics School of History and Culture Henan University
The cemetery of the State of Ying is located on Zhiyang Hill to the north of Zhiyang Town，Pingdingshan City，Henan Province.It is composed of many large-scale ancient tombs，the majority of which are tombs of the Ying State. The tombs can be divided into two periods: the Western and Eastern Zhou dynasties，and the Western and Eastern Han dynasties. The tomb M301 introduced in this report was built during the reign of the Chu state in the late Spring and Autumn period，and was excavated in 1992. There are a large number of burial objects，in a wide range of types, including bronzes，jades，lacquered objects made of wood，seashells，and objects of tin，stone，and bone. Among the bronzes，there are some ritual objects of various types.The unearthed jades are especially fine.Judging by the structure of the tomb and the burial objects，the occupant of tomb M301 may have been a descendant of the royal aristocracy of the Ying State.
Shen Zhenlin，a Painter of Ruyiguan，and his Imperial Portraits
Shen Zhenlin was one of the court painters in the Ruyiguan（the imperial painting academy）in the late Qing dynasty. According to records，he was active during a period from the first year of the Daoguang reign（1821 C.E.）to the eighth year of the Guangxu reign （1882 C.E.）.Most of his works are portraits of emperors and empresses. Based on records such as the archives of the Qing dynasty，the author reviewed all the portraits of emperors and empresses during the reigns from Daoguang to Guangxu that are collected in the Palace Museum. Among these，seven portraits of Min Ning，the Emperor Daoguang，are believed to be Shen Zhenlin’s works. These portaits represent the dress，ornaments， furnitures，dishes，and the whole living environment of the emperor in a realistic style. The paintings provide valuable visual materials to the study of the history of imperial court，arts and crafts，and life of that time.