Excavation of a Western Han Tomb in Haizhou，Lianyungang，Jiangsu
Lianyungang Municipal Museum
In the year 2002，the Lianyungang Municipal Museum carried out a rescue excavation of a tomb（ dubbed M1） of the Western Han in Shuanglong Village，Haizhou District，Lianyungang City. The tomb chamber，which is 4.2 meters east to west and 3.6 north to south，contained two coffin cham-bers，and a total of 4 lacquered wooden coffins were discovered inside.The funeral objects include bronzes，jades，lacquered objects made of wood，wooden slips，and objects of iron or horn. Among the wooden slips some visiting cards and recording documents for clothes are found. The main occu- pant of the tomb may have been a local officer in the middle to late Western Han. In the No. 3 coffin，a well -preserved corpse of a woman，who died at about 55 years old，was found. Judging from the bronze seal found with her， her name was Ling Huiping，and she was probably the wife of the male occupant of the tomb.
Tomb of Liu Yuanran，the Changchun Zhenren，of the Ming Dynasty in Xishanqiao，Nanjing
Nanjing Municipal Museum
In December of 2010，the Archaeological Department of the Nanjing Municipal Museum carried out a rescue excavation of a tomb in Meishan Village，Xishanqiao Street，Yuhuatai District，Nanjing City. It was a single-chamber brick tomb with a barrel-vaulted roof. Judging by the unearthed epitaph，the occupant was Liu Yuanran，titled the Changchun Zhenren，the leader of Daoism in the early Ming dynasty. The unearthed artifacts include a bronze brazier，bronze candleholders，bronze vases，a bronze point-shaped object，a lacquer bowl，a land deed engraved in stone，and an epitaph inscrip- tion. Although only a little more than one hundred characters remain on the epitaph， the content of the epitaph is still helpful in correcting the record of literature. The Changchun Zhenren Liu Yuanran had an important religious position in the early Ming. Thus this excavation is of great academic value for the study of the systems of burial and Taoist ritual in the Ming dynasty.
The Origin，Evolution，and Spread of the Cloud-and-Thunder Design and Snake Worship in Ancient Southern China
The cloud-and-thunder design，common on bronzes，was popular in the Shang and Zhou period. Through a comparative analysis of archaeological materials，the author points out that this design origi- nated in the southern part of Jiangsu Province during the Neolithic era. It was originally a representation of a snake，which was abstracted and transformed into a decorative pattern. This pattern then spread to Zhejiang，Hunan，Hubei，Shandong，Chengdu，and other areas，and even to the central plains. Its golden age was the Xia，Shang，and Zhou period. After that，the primary symbolic meaning of the design died away as it became more widespread，because of the passage of time and the difference of historical cultural background of different areas. At last，it became a meaningless form，which basical- ly disappeared in the Han dynasty.