A Mural-Painted Tomb of the Northern Wei in Yunboli Road, Datong, Shanxi
Datong Municipal Institute of Archaeology
In April, 2009, a mural-painted tomb of the Northern Wei was discovered in the middle section of the Yunboli Road in the southern part of Datong City, Shanxi Province. A rescue excavation was conducted on it by the Datong Municipal Institute of Archaeology. It is a single-chamber brick tomb with a long sloping passage, composed of a tomb passage, a stone barrier, an entry passage, and a tomb chamber. This is one of the most popular tomb structures of the Pingcheng period in the Northern Wei. The unearthed objects include glazed pottery, bronzes, and objects of stone, silver, iron, or bone. The content and style of the mural paintings are characteristic of the Tuoba Xianbei people. This excavation provides valuable materials to the study of the sartorial culture and burial customs of the Northern Wei.
A Tomb of the Northern Wei in Chenzhuang, Datong, Shanxi
Shanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology Datong Municipal Institute of Archaeology
In April, 2010, a collaborative archaeological team carried out an excavation of a tomb (dubbed 2010TYGSM1) in the east of Chenzhuang Village, Datong County, Datong City, Shanxi Province. It is a double-chamber brick tomb with a long sloping rectangular passage. More than 40 burial objects were unearthed, including objects of pottery, iron, bronze, gold, stone, wood, and lacquer. Some mural paintings were discovered in the tomb chambers. Judging by the mural paintings and the burial objects, this tomb was built in the Northern Wei period. Survey and exploration show that there are quite a few additional tombs around this one; some are north-south oriented tombs, while others are east-west oriented tombs. These tombs must have belonged to different families buried in the same period, and we conclude that this area was a large graveyard in the late Northern Wei.
Pictorial Stone Tombs of the Eastern Han in Dabaodang, Shcnniu, Shaanxi
School of Museology of Xibei (Northwestern) University
Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology
Yulin Municipal Archaeological Team
Shenmu Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments
From 1996 to 1998, archaeologists discovered 26 tombs of the Eastern Han and a city site of the Han Dynasty in Dabaodang Town, Shenmu County, Shaanxi Province. Exquisite pictorial stones were unearthed from 14 of the tombs. These mateials have all been published in the book Shenmu Dabaodang - Excavation of the City Site and Tombs of the Han Dynasty. In the autumn of 2008, 3 additional Han tombs were excavated in Dabaodang Town. Pictorial stones were unearthed from two of the tombs (MKM3) . All of the stones are decorated with bas-reliefs images, partly painted in black and red. The images include chariot processions, immortals, feathered people, propitious birds and animals. The 3 tombs can be date to the early and middle Eastern Han period.