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HomePublicationJournalsWenwu (Cultural Relics)
Wenwu2011-9
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2012-11-18

Zhucang Cemetery Site at the Eastern Han Imperial Mausolea in Mengjin, Luoyang
Second Luoyang Municipal Archaeological Team
The Zhucang Cemetery Site is located between the imperial mausolea and their accompanying tombs of the Eastern Han in Mangshan Mountain, Mengjin County, Luoyang City. Tombs M722 and M707, excavated in this area, are both large-scale tombs with a floor plan in the shape of the Chinese character 甲 . The tomb chambers were barrel-vaulted, and the earthen mounds over the tombs were very large. In a wide area around the tombs, many architectural remains were found. A large number of burial objects were unearthed, including pottery, porcelain, jades, bronzes, iron objects, silver objects, and stone objects. They include objects of daily use, building materials, ornaments, tools, weapons, and so on. The features of these burial objects and their combination in a tomb assemblage show differences from the objects unearthed from common tombs and city sites of the Eastern Han dynasty. Based on archaeological comparative study and records in the historical literature, we infer that M722 and M707 were both imperial mausolea of the Eastern Han.


Excavation of an Aristocratic Tomb of the Wei State of the Three Kingdoms in Dahanzhong, Mengjin, Luoyang
Second Luoyang Municipal Archaeological Team
From February of 2009 to September of 2010, 177 tombs datable mainly to the Eastern Han, Wei, Western Jin, Northern Wei, Tang, and Song dynasties were excavated in the area of the planned Lianyun-gang-Korgas Expressway in Luoyang. The tomb ZM44 was found during a core-sampling survey to the east of an expressway service area, southeast of Sanshilipu Village in Songzhuangxiang, Mengjin County, Luoyang City. It is a multiple-chambered joint-burial tomb with a long sloping passage and a barrel-vaulted brick roof, composed of a tomb passage, an entry passage, front and rear chambers, and several side-chambers. There were not many burial objects in the tomb as it had been looted heavily; the remaining objects mainly included pottery, bronzes, iron objects, gold and silver ornaments, and so on. A bronze seal carved with the name Cao Xiu (曹休) was found. It must have been a private seal of the occupant. Based on the features and structure of the tomb and unearthed objects, this tomb can be dated to the state of Wei of the Three Kingdoms, and the occupant was Cao Xiu, who was one of the most famous generals of the Wei State.


On the Zhucang Graveyard Site of the Eastern Han Imperial Mausolea in Mengjin, Luoyang
Yan Hui et al.
Based on archaeological materials and historical literature, this article analyzes the character and attribution of the graveyards of the two Eastern Han mausolea, M722 and M707, and investigates the function of the mausoleum buildings. A preliminary study suggests that M722 is the Xianling Mausoleum of the Emperor Shun, and M707 is the Huailing Mausoleum of the Emperor Chong. The building remains in the M722 graveyard can be divided into three groups: a western group, a middle group, and an eastern group. The rammed earth platform located in the southern part of to the western group was a stone palace. The middle group remains was the palace bedroom. The courtyard located on the west side of the eastern group was the office of the mausolea, the other located to its east was the dormitory of the officers, staff and servants.

 
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