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HomePublicationJournalsWenwu (Cultural Relics)
Wenwu2011-8
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2012-11-18

Excavation of the Tomb M8830 of the Eastern Zhou in Tiyuchang Road, Luoyang
Luoyang Municipal Archaeological Team
From February to September of 2005, in the course of construction work, several tombs of the Eastern Zhou were discovered and excavated to the west of Tiyuchang Road, Luoyang City. Among them, tomb M8830 is well-preserved, having never been looted. M8830 is a rectangular vertical-pit tomb with a wooden tomb chamber (guo) and a coffin (guan) ; the opening at ground level was 3.7 meters long from north to south and 2.1 meters wide from east to west. The burial objects include bronzes, jades, pottery, stone objects , and so on, the majority of which are bronze ritual vessels. The bronzes are especially fine, including chariot-and-horse fittings and ritual objects of various types, such as Ding, Fu, Gui, Fang Hu, Lei, Zhou, Yi, and so on. The tomb structure and the unearthed objects suggest that the tomb was built in the middle Spring and Autumn period, and its owner must have been a high-ranking nobleman. This excavation provides new information for the study of bronzes of the Eastern Zhou.


Excavation of a Tomb of the Song Dynasty in Guanlinmiao, Luolong District, Luoyang
Luoyang Municipal Archaeological Team
From October to November of 2009, archaeologists excavated a looted tomb of the Song Dynasty southeast of Guanlinmiao, in Luolong District, Luoyang City. It was a single-chamber brick tomb with imitation wood structure, composed of a tomb passage, an entry passage, and an octagonal tomb chamber. The walls of the tomb are decorated with carved brick, including 10 sets of small-scale carvings depicting filial piety images, totalling 23 scenes in all. 22 of these are inscribed. The large-scale carvings on the tomb walls depict musical performances, banquet preparations, acrobatic and dramatic performances, and so on. These brick carvings are hard and exquisite in make, without visible marks from the cutting tools. The lines of the figures are so round, smooth, and fluent that they may have been produced by pressing the unfired bricks into carved molds. Judging by the tomb structure and the themes of the brick carvings, the tomb was built in the late Northern Song Dynasty.


Preliminary Analysis of Stone Figures on the Mongolian Plateau
------A Consideration of the Nature and Origin of the Yangqunmiao Stone Figures
Wei Jian
The stone figures widely distributed around the Mongolian Plateau are important remains for the archaeology of medieval China. In this article, the author proposes a typology for all the stone figures so far discovered, and analyses their origin, ethnic affiliation, and especially the nature and origin of the Yangqunmiao white marble figures. Based on this analysis, the Yangqunmiao Site appears to be a sacrificial site where the imperial families of the Yuan Dynasty offered sacrifices to heaven and their ancestors. The four large building foundations at the site are the remains of the ancestral temples of the Yantiemuer family, and the four white marble figures may well represent Yantiemuer and his ancestors of three generations.

 
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