Excavation of Laohudun Prehistor ic Site in J ing'an, Jiangxi
【Author】Jiangxi Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Archaeology Speciality of History Department of Xiamen University, Jing 'an Musuem
【Abstract】The Laohudun Site is situated on a mound about 200 m east of Dengjia Village in Gaohu Town, about 15 km northwest of the Jing 'an County seat in Jiangxi Province. From 2009 to 2010, a collaborative archaeological team excavated the site. Rich cultural remains from prehistoric times to the middle of the Ming Dynasty were unearthed. This report focuses on the prehistoric remains, which were divided into lower and upper layers. In the lower layer, there are building and road remains, ash-pits, stone artifacts, and pottery. In the upper layer, there are burials, building remains, and ash-pits, with unearthed objects consisting mainly of pottery. Pottery found in the lower layer presents a relatively early form. Initial analysis suggests the culture of the lower layer dates to about 6000 years BP, and the culture of the upper layer, which may be a newly discovered ancient culture type in Jiangxi Province, dates to about 5000) 4500 years BP.
Excavation o f Lao fenliang Cemetery of Han Dynasty in Jingbian, Shaanxi
【Author】Yulin Municipal Institute of the Preservation of Cultural Relics, Jingbian Prefectural Office of the Preservation of Cultural Relics
【Abstract】The Laofenliang Cemetery is one of the larger Han cemeteries in northern Shaanxi. More than 100 Han tombs have been discovered here. The 7 tombs introduced in this report were unearthed in 2005 in a salvage excavation. 4 of them are brick-chamber tombs, and 3 are earth-pit tombs. All the tombs' structures are simple. The most noteworthy artifacts are painted pottery, including pots and braziers, models of storehouses, cooking stoves, chickens, cattle, and sheep, ritual objects made in imitation of bronze vessels, and so on. This excavation provides important materials for the study of the cultural features of tombs in north bo-rder area of Han and the periodization of these tombs.
The Sutra Stand in the Dunhuang Murals and the Subject Matter of the Southern Ceiling Mural of Cave 156
【Abstract】In some murals of the Dunhuang Grottoes, eminent monks or laymen are shown reading or preaching sutras from a small shelf-like stand. This stand has not come to the attention of earlier studies. Based on her analysis of sutras, Dunhuang documents and murals, and the collections of the Shōsō-in in Japan, the author suggests this object should be called a "sutra stand," and discusses its use and development. Based on this research, she also looked through all the different scenes and motifs of the sutra stand in the Mogao Grottoes. This study is valuable for judging the age and motif of Dunhuang murals.