● The Forum of Relics &Museum Public Opinion
Discussion about Archaeological Technology and Scientific Archaeology (Special Contribution)
Landscape Archaeology—Theory, Method and Practice (Special Contribution)
Zhang Hai (8)
● Reading the Classics Again
Mr Xia and Technological Archaeology of China— The Thoughts of Reading Collected Works of Xia Nai (Special Contribution
Yuan Jing (18)
● Travel of the Exploration
Ge Wei, Liu Li, Chen Xingcan, Jin Zhengyao (26)
● The Origin of Cultivated Rice and Rice Agriculture
Emcee: Zhao Zhijun
Research of Animal Archaeology about the Clan Knife Unearthed from the Ding Shi Mountain Site
Lv Peng, Fu Xianguo (48)
Remaining Analysis about Unearthed Plants of Wa Dian Site in Yuzhou, He Nan Province
Liu Chang, Fang Yanming (55)
Discussion Prehistoric Agriculture of Jianghan Plain From Flotation Results of Yejia Temple Site in Xiaogan
Wu Chuanren, Liu Hui, Zhao Zhijun (65)
Insect Study in Animal Archaeology
You Yue (70)
● Civilized History of Life and Death View
Emcee: Li Meitian
Discussion on the Problem of Han Tomb Between the Facility outside Tomb and the Owner of Tomb in Lion Mountain, Xuzhou
Liu Zunzhi (74)
Final Settling Place or Temporary Accommodation?—Observation of the Mid-Eastern Jin Dynasty Tomb in Nanjing Area
Zheng Shuo (80)
Discussion about Xuan Gong System of Zhong Pan Graves in Ming Dynasty in Jiangxi
Han Quan (88)
● Character Image
Imparting Knowledge &Teaching Truth Educational Grace would be Far-reaching—Growing under the Guidance of Mr. Zou Heng
Li Weiming (93)
● Rafting in the Sea of Study
Liu Qiong (101)
Several Problems of the Study in Mound Tomb
Du Jiajia, Wang Genfu (120)
● Overseas View
Emcee: Chen Chun, Chen Xingcan
Author: (America) T. Douglas Price, Translator: Pan Yan, Proofreader: Chen Chun (159)
Research of Environment, Culture & Preservation and Settlement Pattern
Author: (England) J.L.Blintliff, Translator: Li Huidong, Proofreader: Wang Qing (165)
The Experimental Study of Whether Millet be made into Noddles: Concurrent Discussion on the Ingredients of La Jia Noodles(26)
Ge Wei, Liu Li, Chen Xingcan, Jin Zhengyao
【Abstract】The earliest noodles have been dated to 4000 years ago, based on the discovery of remains of Lajia in north western China. The Lajia noodles were described as having been made by repeatedly stretching dough composed of millet flour with husks. In order to try to understand this manufacturing technique we carried out simulation experiments in noodle-making and documented morphological changes in noodle starches caused by cooking. Our research demonstrates that it is possible to stretch pure millet dough into noodles. We conclude that the husk phytoliths and starch-like granules said to be from the Lajia noodle remains may actually not have been part of the noodles themselves.
【Keywords】Noodles, Ancient starch, Gelatinized starch, millet, Lajia site, Archaeology, China
Imparting Knowledge &Teaching Truth Educational Grace would be Far-reaching—Growing under the Guidance of Mr. Zou Heng (93)
【Abstract】Mr. Zou Heng had been teaching for decades in School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University. Through classroom teaching and field excavation, he raised up lots of excellent Undergraduates and Graduate Student generation after generation. Most of them have made different contributions in Archaeology field after their graduation. Mr. Zhou is an Archaeology Educator.
【Keywords】Zou Heng, Archaeology in Xia, Zhou Dynasty, Educationist
Summary of the Study in Bo Capital of Shang-Tang Dynasty (101)
【Abstract】Bo capital of Shang-Tang, which is the most important issues in archaeology study of the Xia and Shang dynasties, deals with key subjects as important as the mark of the founding of Tang Kingdom, the first capital of Shang Dynasty, the culture of Xia and Early Shang Dynasty, and the terminus of the Chronological Division of Xia and Shang Dynasties, etc. This paper is a literature review on the history of Bo capital study, summarize interrelated academy’s successes, and also reveal the problem that exposed in academic discussion.
【Keywords】Bo capital, Shang-Tang, Zhengzhou City of Shang dynasty, Yanshi city of Shang dynasty, survey article
Several Problems of the Study in Mound Tomb (120)
Du Jiajia, Wang Genfu
【Abstract】The research on “Tudun tomb” is a significant part of the archaeology studies on Wu Culture which locates in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, which is also one of the most important routes to explore the development of the Wu history. It is beneficial for us to have a deeper understanding of the “Tudun tomb” as our archaeological excavation proceeds.
Only after we have specified some problems in the study in the first place can we make sure that all the research will fall into place. This article covers lots of aspects of “Tudun tomb”, such as how to name it, the difference between “one Dun with one tomb” and “one Dun with more than one tomb”, “the separation of the research area” and so on. The article has a discussion on this special site too. Finally we made an explorative summary on the general characteristics of the “Tudun tomb”.
【Keywords】the southern part of Jiangsu Province, Tudun tomb, the research of the tomb, the characteristics of the tomb.
Discussion on Chronological Research on Song Dynasty Tombs (138)
【Abstract】This article concludes the main method of the study about the tombs of the Song Dynasty, we summarize the advantages and disadvantages about the way of numbering the years, and the lateral comparison, and the reference of the cooper cash. Then we put forward that the researches should compare much more materials if the material is enough when they estimate the period about the tombs of the Song Dynasty, so we will have the more accurate knowledge about these tomb’s period.
【Keywords】the tombs of the Song Dynasty; chronology; research methods
Experimental Research on Early Brass Making Techniques in China (143)
【Abstract】In order to explore the smelting process of early brass, we did simulation experiments and analyzed the brass obtained from simulation experiments with X-ray diffraction, metallographical microscope and scanning electron microscope. The results showed: malachite, calamine and charcoal can react and form brass in crystal, with a few twin. Calamine will be doxidized to zinc; when the temperature is 800℃, and the main microstructure of brass formed is isometric contain Zn less than 5℅; when the temperature is 850℃, the formed brass contain Zn more than 10℅. When the temperature is over 900℃, the zinc content of formed brass can exceed 20℅.
【Keywords】brass, calamine, malachite, microstructure
The Development of Bronze Vessel Surface Designs Making Methods: Observation and Experiments (153)
【Abstract】According to observing the unearthed archaeological materials and carrying out the piece-mould casting simulation experiment, we found that the technology of ornament-making on surface of bronze developed with the advance of piece-mould making technology in period of Shang and Zhou, which simultaneously caused the change of epigraph-making technology. The detailed process of ornament –making technology is as follows: it was still at the exploratory stage in period of Xia, while, the technology of model-making and that of mould-making were not standardized; the technology of pressing ornament on surface of mould appeared in early period of Shang, meanwhile, the piece-mould casting technology had specification; In middle period of Shang, it had great progress and appeared the technology of pasting ornament; In late period of Shang, it reached the peak, in contrast, which began to simplified in period of East-Zhou; The piece-mould casting technology in early period of Chun-Qiu inherited that in period of East-Zhou; the Piece-mould casting technology in early period of Chun-Qiu inherited that in period of East-Zhou; with the number of piece-mould became to more, there appeared the unit-ornament making technology.
【Keywords】bronze, the technology of pressing ornament, the technology of pasting ornament, unit-ornament mould.