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HomePublicationJournalsNanfangwenwu (Cultural Relics of Southern China)
Cultural Relics of Southern China 2008-4
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2009-02-09

 

Main Contents
●The Forum of Relics & Museum Public Opinion
Li Yuying,
Making Cultural Grade in Poyang Lake Ecology Zone —— The Speech on the Poyang Lake Ecology Economy Zone Cultural Construction High Forum (Special Contribution)    (002)

●Intelligence Course, the Torch of Learning Is Passed on From Generation to Generation
Qiu Shihua, Zhang Xuelian,
The Originator of the C14 Time in China —— Recording Interview With Mr. Qiu Shihua (Special Contribution)   (008)

●Reading the Classic Again
Liu Zheng,
The Main Achievement of the Book “The Example of Qidan Words” by Mr. Sun Yirang in Inscriptions on Bones or Tortoise Shells of the Shang Dynasty (Special Contribution)   (017)

●The Exploration
Zhou Shucan,
Clear up a misunderstanding of history of Xia Dynasty —— Comment on Shen Changyun’s research   (026)
【Abstract】The “brand - new” argumentation proposed by Professor Shen Changyun in his series of academic papers is purely one – sided and subjective supposition, which holds two aspects: one is the ancient Xia Clan rose between Ji River and He River; the other is Puyang is Yangcheng, the ancient capital of Yu. Deep research and rational thinking about information in documents and archaeology are neglected. Lack of evidence and subjective judgments in the essays definitely will cause misunderstanding about history of Xia Dynasty, which means a great harm to the present research.
【key words】Shen Changyun;   Xia;   Yu;   He River and Ji River;  Puyang;   misunderstanding

Wang Jinchao,
泥范法复原许公宁透空蟠虺纹青铜饰件研究   (034)
【Abstract】There is a debate in Chinese academic circles about the manufacture of an intricate bronze ornament unearthed at the tomb of Marquis Ning of the Xu State in the Spring and Autumn Period. Some people believe that it should be cast by lost wax method; other people believe that is was really cast by piece moulds. Here I described an experiment in which the intricate bronze ornament was successfully cast by piece moulds.
【key words】three – dimensional decoration;   clay – mould casting;   casting tunnel

●Civilization History About Life & Dying Idea
Li Meitian,
The Archaeological Meaning of the Grave —— The Preface of “Civilization History About Life & Dying Idea” by Special Column of “Relics From South”    (064)

Han Jianye,
The Underground World of the Nomadic Tribe Along the Great Wall in Spring & Autumn Period and Warring States    (067)

Liu Wei,
The Gaojuli Stone Grave’s Origin & Development    (074)

Author: (R.O. Korea) Xing Yongmin;
Translator: (R.O. Korea) Jin Youshi; Huang Xiaoying
Proofreader: Li Meitian,
The Outline of Ancient Grave System & Archaeology in R.O. Korea    (084)

●The New Evidence of Ancient History
Zhang Deliang,
The Analysis the “Up on Yan and Down on Yi” from Inscription on Ancient Bronze Objects    (098)

Yan Zhibin,
The Research on Award “Inscription on Ancient Bronze objects” in Shang Dynasty   (100)

He Jingcheng,
Comment on the History and Time of “the Round – mouthed Food Vessel With Two or Four Loop Handles of Shi Xun”    (104)

●Multiple View
Cui Jianfeng, He Chuankun, Liu Kehong, Wu Xiaohong,
Scientific Analysis of some Ancient Glass Beads Unearthed from Taiwan   (109)
【Abstract】Eighteen ancient glass beads unearthed from Taiwan Province are analyzed by Laser Ablation Inductive Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrum (LA – ICP - AES) in Archaeometry Lab, Peking University. The results indicate that the types of these beads belong to calcium – manganese – silica glasses / sodium – calcium – silica glass / potassium – silica glass and lead – silica glasses separately. The crafts of all these beads are the same as those in the Mainland simultaneously, with the exception of one Sodium – Calcium – Silica glass, which show similar provenances of the glass – making technology between Taiwan Province and Mainland. According to the composition of the sodium – Calcium – Silica glass bead, it might come from India or Southeast Asia, which indicates that Taiwan Island was a very important transfer station in the marine – silk – road.
【key words】Taiwan;   Ancient glass beads;   LA – ICP – AES analysis

He Wei, Dong Yawei, Zhou Weirong, Wang Changsui,
商前期青铜斝的铸造工艺及其模拟实验研究   (115)
【Abstract】Bronze – jia is a kind of drinking vessel, appearing in Xia Dynasty, and prevailing from Shang Dynasty to the early period of Western Zhou. The former researchers have already done some researches about the mold – making techniques of the bronze – jia. According to the archaeological investigation of the unearthed molds of the bronze – jia, the observation of the casting features on the surface of the vessel and the simulated experiment of the mold – making techniques, we believe that the molds of the bronze – jia are made from the divided molds. The ornaments on the surface of the bronze – jia are manufactured on the outer molds and the sunken ornaments in the cap are made by carving and pressing a small piece of clay pasted on the mold of cap. The cores of the body and the handle are made from the core – boxes. The molds and cores first dry in the shade and then were baked separately before they are used for casting.
【key words】bronze – jia;   mold;   ornament;   core;   mold – making;   techniques

●Sightseeing in a Sea of Learning
Ding Yu,
Archaeology?     (125)
【Abstract】Every subject has its own reason to exist, and its existence must base on some need. From some point of view, the meaning of the subject maybe an inane concept, but it will be a problem appeared in cycle companioned with the development of the study. This article try to discuss the relationship between archaeology, anthropology and history, compare the histories of the three subjects, to understand the meaning of Archaeology in some level (especially the meaning contained in all kinds of the “relationships”). And I hope to know the objects and methods of archaeology research more clearly through this kind of consideration.
【key words】Archaeology;   Anthropology;   History;   Meaning;   Relationship

●Overseas View
Author: (USA) K.V. Flannery
Translator: Pan Yan,
Proofreader: Chen Chun,
The Ecology of the Early Food Production in Mesopotamian Region —— The Climatic Zone of a Series of Neighboring Places but Notable Difference Developed by Peasants & Herdsmen in Prehistoric Age   (135)

Author: (Japan) Jiu Bao Zhi Kang,
Translator: Peng Tao,
The Xin’an Shipwreck’s Metal Handicraft Article —— Its Characteristic and the Character for Xin’an Shipwreck Returned to the Port   (142)


Relics From South   No.4, 2008

Main Contents
●The Forum of Relics & Museum Public Opinion
Li Yuying,
Making Cultural Grade in Poyang Lake Ecology Zone —— The Speech on the Poyang Lake Ecology Economy Zone Cultural Construction High Forum (Special Contribution)    (002)

●Intelligence Course, the Torch of Learning Is Passed on From Generation to Generation
Qiu Shihua, Zhang Xuelian,
The Originator of the C14 Time in China —— Recording Interview With Mr. Qiu Shihua (Special Contribution)   (008)

●Reading the Classic Again
Liu Zheng,
The Main Achievement of the Book “The Example of Qidan Words” by Mr. Sun Yirang in Inscriptions on Bones or Tortoise Shells of the Shang Dynasty (Special Contribution)   (017)

●The Exploration
Zhou Shucan,
Clear up a misunderstanding of history of Xia Dynasty —— Comment on Shen Changyun’s research   (026)
【Abstract】The “brand - new” argumentation proposed by Professor Shen Changyun in his series of academic papers is purely one – sided and subjective supposition, which holds two aspects: one is the ancient Xia Clan rose between Ji River and He River; the other is Puyang is Yangcheng, the ancient capital of Yu. Deep research and rational thinking about information in documents and archaeology are neglected. Lack of evidence and subjective judgments in the essays definitely will cause misunderstanding about history of Xia Dynasty, which means a great harm to the present research.
【key words】Shen Changyun;   Xia;   Yu;   He River and Ji River;  Puyang;   misunderstanding

Wang Jinchao,
泥范法复原许公宁透空蟠虺纹青铜饰件研究   (034)
【Abstract】There is a debate in Chinese academic circles about the manufacture of an intricate bronze ornament unearthed at the tomb of Marquis Ning of the Xu State in the Spring and Autumn Period. Some people believe that it should be cast by lost wax method; other people believe that is was really cast by piece moulds. Here I described an experiment in which the intricate bronze ornament was successfully cast by piece moulds.
【key words】three – dimensional decoration;   clay – mould casting;   casting tunnel

●Civilization History About Life & Dying Idea
Li Meitian,
The Archaeological Meaning of the Grave —— The Preface of “Civilization History About Life & Dying Idea” by Special Column of “Relics From South”    (064)

Han Jianye,
The Underground World of the Nomadic Tribe Along the Great Wall in Spring & Autumn Period and Warring States    (067)

Liu Wei,
The Gaojuli Stone Grave’s Origin & Development    (074)

Author: (R.O. Korea) Xing Yongmin;
Translator: (R.O. Korea) Jin Youshi; Huang Xiaoying
Proofreader: Li Meitian,
The Outline of Ancient Grave System & Archaeology in R.O. Korea    (084)

●The New Evidence of Ancient History
Zhang Deliang,
The Analysis the “Up on Yan and Down on Yi” from Inscription on Ancient Bronze Objects    (098)

Yan Zhibin,
The Research on Award “Inscription on Ancient Bronze objects” in Shang Dynasty   (100)

He Jingcheng,
Comment on the History and Time of “the Round – mouthed Food Vessel With Two or Four Loop Handles of Shi Xun”    (104)

●Multiple View
Cui Jianfeng, He Chuankun, Liu Kehong, Wu Xiaohong,
Scientific Analysis of some Ancient Glass Beads Unearthed from Taiwan   (109)
【Abstract】Eighteen ancient glass beads unearthed from Taiwan Province are analyzed by Laser Ablation Inductive Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrum (LA – ICP - AES) in Archaeometry Lab, Peking University. The results indicate that the types of these beads belong to calcium – manganese – silica glasses / sodium – calcium – silica glass / potassium – silica glass and lead – silica glasses separately. The crafts of all these beads are the same as those in the Mainland simultaneously, with the exception of one Sodium – Calcium – Silica glass, which show similar provenances of the glass – making technology between Taiwan Province and Mainland. According to the composition of the sodium – Calcium – Silica glass bead, it might come from India or Southeast Asia, which indicates that Taiwan Island was a very important transfer station in the marine – silk – road.
【key words】Taiwan;   Ancient glass beads;   LA – ICP – AES analysis

He Wei, Dong Yawei, Zhou Weirong, Wang Changsui,
商前期青铜斝的铸造工艺及其模拟实验研究   (115)
【Abstract】Bronze – jia is a kind of drinking vessel, appearing in Xia Dynasty, and prevailing from Shang Dynasty to the early period of Western Zhou. The former researchers have already done some researches about the mold – making techniques of the bronze – jia. According to the archaeological investigation of the unearthed molds of the bronze – jia, the observation of the casting features on the surface of the vessel and the simulated experiment of the mold – making techniques, we believe that the molds of the bronze – jia are made from the divided molds. The ornaments on the surface of the bronze – jia are manufactured on the outer molds and the sunken ornaments in the cap are made by carving and pressing a small piece of clay pasted on the mold of cap. The cores of the body and the handle are made from the core – boxes. The molds and cores first dry in the shade and then were baked separately before they are used for casting.
【key words】bronze – jia;   mold;   ornament;   core;   mold – making;   techniques

●Sightseeing in a Sea of Learning
Ding Yu,
Archaeology?     (125)
【Abstract】Every subject has its own reason to exist, and its existence must base on some need. From some point of view, the meaning of the subject maybe an inane concept, but it will be a problem appeared in cycle companioned with the development of the study. This article try to discuss the relationship between archaeology, anthropology and history, compare the histories of the three subjects, to understand the meaning of Archaeology in some level (especially the meaning contained in all kinds of the “relationships”). And I hope to know the objects and methods of archaeology research more clearly through this kind of consideration.
【key words】Archaeology;   Anthropology;   History;   Meaning;   Relationship

●Overseas View
Author: (USA) K.V. Flannery
Translator: Pan Yan,
Proofreader: Chen Chun,
The Ecology of the Early Food Production in Mesopotamian Region —— The Climatic Zone of a Series of Neighboring Places but Notable Difference Developed by Peasants & Herdsmen in Prehistoric Age   (135)

Author: (Japan) Jiu Bao Zhi Kang,
Translator: Peng Tao,
The Xin’an Shipwreck’s Metal Handicraft Article —— Its Characteristic and the Character for Xin’an Shipwreck Returned to the Port   (142)


 

 
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