●Intelligence Course, the Torch of Learning is Passed on from Generation to Generation
Liu Qingzhu, Jiang Bo,
The Strengthening One’s Belief, Pledging One’s Faith for the Action and Seeking Cause’s Perfection —— Recording Interview With Mr. Liu Qingzhu (Special Contribution) (002)
●Reading the Classics Again
Study the Works by Archaeology, Which Is a Book of “Chinese Ancient History” and It Should Be Handed Down to Posterity —— Read “Overseas Chinese. Successor of Dragon. Chinese – Study a Source by Archaeology.” (Special Contribution) (008)
Chang E, Zhu Hong,
The Research Present & Prospects for Element Archaeology of Ancient Person Bone (016)
【Abstract】The paper discusses how modern biology is applied in anthropology. Based on a brief review of the study on human origin and the knowledge about the human evolution in China, the development of molecular biology has been deeply influencing many relative fields; most importantly, molecular anthropology was born as a result of combination of molecular biology. This new branch provides reliable method and vital direction for anthropology. This paper systematically reviews the history and method of molecular biology.
【Key words】human remains; ancient DNA; molecular archaeology
Application of Remains Analysis into the Archaeology (020)
【Abstract】Animals and plants are the foundation of development of human society, and their use is the material base of human to adapt, alter and conquer the nature, which is related to every aspect of ancient society, so residue analysis for animals, plants and their products can provide rich information about ancient society. The emphasis of residue analysis is to extract organic molecules from residue, whose origin will be judge through quantitative and / or qualitative scientific analysis in order to understand processing, use and related carriers of ancient animals and plants. In this article, the methods and developments of residue analysis have been outlined from six aspects – DNA, starch grains, protein, lipid, carbonized material and wine, and we hope it will promote residue analysis in China.
【Key words】residue analysis; ancient DNA; starch grains; protein; lipid; carbonized material; wine; pottery
Some Questions for the Yinshan Big Tomb of Shaoxin —— Reading “Yue King’s Tomb of Yinshan” Notes (027)
【Abstract】Yinshan Tomb, discovered in Shaoxing of Zhejiang Province, ranked to the tomb of Yue’s King. The tomb contains different cultural factors of both strong Wu – Yue Cultures in southeast China and plentiful Zhou Culture in Central China. Some factors in Yinshan Tomb evolved the local traditions of Yue Area, just like the great earth – mound, the chamber without wall and with sloping ceiling, the coffin with handles made of just one whole wood. Other factors reflect the strong imitation to the mausoleums of Zhou Dynasty, not just to Qin’s cultural factor in Central China, for example, the shape of earth – mound, the form of the ring trench and sacred way beside ridgehill, charcoal out of chamber, etc.
【Key words】Mausoleums of Zhou Dynasty; Mausoleum of Yue’s King; Yinshan Tomb
The Relative Proofs for Zun Plate’s Casting Process in Zeng Country’s Yi Hou (The Hou Equaled a King in Ancient China) —— Comment on Mould Technology in Chinese Bronzes Age (039)
【Abstract】There were some evidences that had shown the lost – mold process was used in Chinese Bronze Age. This paper proved the lost – mold process was used in making some accessories of the bronze Zun and Pan of Marquis Zen.
【Key words】The bronze Zun and Pan of Marquis Zen; The Clay – mold Casting; The Lost – lead Process; The Lost – wax Process
●Archaeology of Sports
About Theoretical Thinking for Sports Archaeology System —— Speaking to “Archaeology of Sports” Special Column of “Relics From South” (064)
Jade and the Olympic Games —— Comment on Use Jade in the Olympic Games in Beijing, China (070)
The Sacrificial Rites with Music & Dance in Prehistoric Age and Original Sports —— the Archaeology Analysis for Original Sports (074)
●Archaeology of Nation
The Theory and Practice for the Archaeology of Nation —— Speaking “Archaeology of Nation” Special Column of “Relics of South” (082)
The Notes of the Baiku Yao Nation Archaeology in Nandan, North Guangxi Province (094)
The Means of Transportation for South – east China and the Pacific Ocean in prehistoric Age (099)
Peng Zicheng, Liang Baoliu, Yu Junyue, Zheng Peikai, Li Dehui,
【Abstract】The chemical contents in the glaze layer, interlayer and body layer of the South Song Dynasty celadon from the Alter and Laohudong Yao in Hangzhou City, Zhenjiang Province have been determined using EAGLE - Ⅱ microprobe EDXRF equipment. The Q values of the sampling celadon are larger than 8, which mean that the Alter and Laohudong porcelains belong to the official products. The principal component analysis shows that the chemical characters of the glaze between the Alter and Laohudong celadon are much difference. The workers might take the local material to manufacture their celadon. The sudden distance reflected in the Al2O3 and CaO contents between the glaze and body layers can be defined as a thickness of the interlay. The interlay thickness between the Alter and Laohudong celadon appears in 100μm difference, which may relate with the chemical composition, diffusive behavior of the elements and the firing temperature. The firing temperature for making the Laohudong porcelains is a little higher than that for making the Alter wares.
【Key words】microprobe EDXRF technique; multi – element determination; principal component analysis; micro – structural survey
Zhao Min, Chen Xuexiang, Gao Jixi, He Li,
【Abstract】Abundant carbonized seeds of crops and weeds and fruits were recovered from the flotation results at the Tangye site, Jinan, of the Zhou dynasty. Foxtail millet was most important staple food at the site. Other dry crops included broomcorn millet, soybean and wheat. No rice was found from all the samples. The crop patterns might be a result of adaption to the dry and cold climate at the time.
【Key words】Tangye site; Agriculture of Zhou dynasty; Flotation results
【Abstract】In accordance with the related materials of archaeological discoveries, this paper makes a directive analysis of the study on history of ancient Chinese sports over the last decades. The study mainly includes analysis of new clues on the origin of sports, discovery of materials about balls and the ancient ball games, evolution of weaponry and Chinese boxing, development of ancient Wushu, progress of health preservation technology and formation of health preservation sports system. The formation and development of primordial athletics and dance, which is reflected from a series of prehistoric archaeological findings, indicate that physical exercise has become important social activities, including sports, which have multiple significances. With the development of human history, kinds of sports represented by Cuju (soccer), polo, Chuiwan (golf), Wushu, as well as health care and preservation, have gradually become an important part of ancient Chinese sports and made a major impact in the development of human history. This paper consider that workers of sports history and archaeology should reveal in the future the disciplines in development and evolution of all types of ancient sports forms. In this process, we should use archaeological approaches, depend on the sports empirically.
【Key words】Archaeology; Origin of Sports; Ancient Sports; Sports Relics
【Abstract】Based on the analysis to archaeological records, the author divides the research procession of Chinese pottery’s origin and early development into three stages; he considers that an integrative study by the scholars from different backgrounds will make for the study on early pottery in China.
【Key words】China; Early pottery; review
Author: (Cabada) Bruce Trigger; Translator: Shen Xincheng; Proofreader: Chen Chun,
Archaeology Prospects in the World (142)
Author: (USA) Evan Peacock; Translator: Wang Liangzhi; Proofreader: Fang Hui,
The Environment Archaeology (150)