A Study of Conservation Models for Industrial Heritage of Modern Times【Author】 LV Jian-chang（Shanghai University; Shanghai 200444）
【Abstract】 There are various forms of industrial heritage,of which,the conservation model also varies according to specific protection requirements and the concerns for urban development and environment protection.While each conservation model has its particular targets that it serves best,each bears insufficiency.For example,the Museum Model is easy to approach and more favorable in terms of conservation and utilization.It is,however,less profitable,and may cause fiscal pressure.Such problems affect the quality and effectiveness
of industrial heritage conservation, calling for more investigations into the models of conserving and reusing industrial heritage.
【Key words】 industrial heritage; the model of conservation; museum;
On the Origin of Agriculture and Theoretical Change of the Broad Spectrum Revolution
【Author】 PAN Yan CHEN Chun（Department of Cultural Heritage and Museology of Fudan University; Shanghai 200433）;
【Abstract】The Broad Spectrum Revolution is an important theoretical concept in the studies of the origin of agriculture around the world.Since 1960s,this theory has been used to explore the change of human foraging strategies and subsistence patterns,and has achieved encouraging results.In the half century that followed,this concept has been continuously tested,elaborated and improved,and challenged by new data as well.At present,the subsistence shift of the tranitionary period at the time is increasingly becoming a concern in archaeological studies in China. A proper understanding of this concept will be helpful to improve our research standard and provide a profitable theoretical orientation for the study of the origin of agriculture.
【Key words】 Broad Spectrum Revolution; the origin of agriculture; theoretical development;
A Review of Research on the Origin of Agriculture in Southeast Asia【Author】LI Yi-yuan（School of Archaeology and Museology of PeiKing University; Beijing 100008）;
【Abstract】 It has been more than a half-century since the research on the origin of agriculture in Southeast Asia started to be carried out in the 1950s.Numerous archaeological discoveries have indicated that the nature of the early agriculture in Southeast Asia was based on the domestication of root crops and the cultivation of tubers,and that the characteristics of early agriculture in this region were closely related to the practices of arboriculture.Yet the time scale of the agricultural origin has not been well established. Due to the particularity
of the plant remains and agricultural features in this region, scholars have applied multiple research methods and developed a range of different concepts. The research into the agricultural origin in Southeast Asia is instructive to the exploration of early agriculture in Southeast China.
【Key words】Southeast Asia; Agricultural Origin; Southeast China; Arboriculture;
A Priliminary Exploration of the Literary Tendency of the Southern Tang Painting and Theory of Literati Painting Initiating in the Five Dynasties【Author】SHI Jian-zhong（Nanjing Arts Institute; Nanjing; Jiansu; 210013）;
【Abstract】 In the Southern Tang Dynasty,literary values played a leading role in the social spirit because of the civil administration advocated by ruling class.Painter s works also showed a literary tendency in the Southern Tang and the Literati Painting was in the initiation in the Five Dynasties under the influence of cultural habit,the three of poetry,calligraphy and painting especially the writing techniques of calligraphy began to com-bine in paintings.The development of Chinese painting in this period meant a great significance to the forming of
【Key words】Southern Tang Dynasty; painting; literary tendency; Literati Painting;
On the Nature of Mound Tomb Society in Korea
【Author】Yim Young Jin（Korean Chonnam National University; Gwangju; Korea）;【Abstract】 In ancient Korea,mound tomb was prevalent in Mahan.The main feature was that the tomb was formed with several main parts by the way of additional burial.Mound tomb appeared latest from 1st century BC and there was a change process from square wooden coffin to circular stone chamber.In mound tomb society in Korea,only Boji developed to a country Baekje because it was near the advanced regions and easy to receive advanced culture.Other toparchies were annexed in the status of chiefdom society because the nature of agricultural community was strong and it was difficult to exchange with neighboring countries equally.
【Key words】 mound tomb; Mahan; society nature;
Experiences and Inspirations from the Conservation and Development of Great Sites in China Taiwan:A case study of Peinan Site
【Author】CHEN Hongbo1 NING Haizhen2（1.History and Tourism College of Guangxi Normal University; Guilin; Guangxi; 541004; 2.Tongzhou Senior Middle School; Beiliu; 537400）;
【Abstract】China Taiwan has gained great achievements in great sites conservation and development by employing a series of measures including improving systems and institutions,strengthening archaeological excavations and researches,and promoting public participation.Peinan Site is a typical case that has obtained rich experiences in making conservation plans,promoting public participation,building and operating heritage parks,enhancing academic researches,training professionals,which provides a valuable reference for great sites conservation and development in Mainland China.
【Key words】 Taiwan; conservation and development of great sites; Peinan Site; cultural heritage park;
On the Archaeological Cultural Structure of Ningzhen Area in the Xia Dynasty:Also on the Cultural Change of Jianghuai area
【Author】DUAN Tian-jing（Research Center for Chinese Frontier Archaeology of Jilin University; Changchun; Jilin 130012）;
【Abstract】In the age of Longshan Culture,a range of cultures including Wangyoufang type of Henan Long-shan Culture,Shandong Longshan Culture,the aboriginal remains in Jianghuai area,and Liangzhu Culture around the Taihu Lake valley had influence on Ningzhen area.During the Xia Dynasty,the elements of Erlitou and Yueshi Cultures,which expanded to the south of China and cast a great influence on Ningzhen area,the local aboriginal cultural factors,as well as part of traditions from Liangzhu Culture constituted the major part of
Dianjiangtai Culture. In addition, Dianjiangtai Culture also included some relics from Longshan Culture, leading to the complex archaeological cultural structure of Ningzhen area in the Xia Dynasty.
【Key words】 Ningzhen area; Xia Dynasty; archaeological cultural structure; Dianjiangtai Culture;
Patterns on the Swords Unearthed in South Anhui and Initial Research【Author】 ZHU Hua-dong1 GUAN Dan-ping2（1、History Department of Anhui University; Hefei; Anhui; 230039; 2、Anhui Province Museum; 230061）;
【Abstract】Abundant materials are available concerning the patterns on the bronze swords of the Zhou Dynasty unearthed in South Anhui.The cross-guards are mainly patterned with Animal Mask,Pan Chi or geom-etric shapes,and the pommels are basically patterned with strings or geometric shapes.The patterns of pommels and cross-guards share similar rule of evolution with the other parts of a sword,both of which are marked by significant characteristics of the time and a certain matching relationship exist between.Research shows that since the mid-late Western Zhou, a balance and coordination in decoration design between the pommel and the cross-guard of a sword had been pursued, which reached its peak in the late Spring and Autumn Period. Animal
Mask pattern being used in cross-guard decoration was one of the greatest innovative reforms of the bronze culture of Wu & Yue States. The decline of the decoration art of bronze swords in the Warring States period reflected the transformation of the aesthetic view of sword making in Wu and Yue areas.
【Key words】Swords of Southern Anhui; pattern; type; development; artistic character;
On the Age and Related Issues of Bronze Wares Unearthed at Wang Village,Qingyang County,Anhui
【Author】 ZHANG Ai-bing（Department of History of Anhui University; Hefei; Anhui 230601）;
【Abstract】 The bronze wares unearthed at Wang Village,Qingyang County,Anhui,contain rich cultural connotations with their clear and integrated assembling and the rather new figure style.A comparative analysis on the assembling,shapes and patterns of these objects indicates that they may be dated back to the late Western Zhou,and their shape features reflected the interaction and communication of bronze cultures between southern Anhui and Ningzhen,Jiangbei and Zhongyuan areas.These bronze wares are very important for the chronology framing of Western Zhou bronzes in the area along the Yangtze River in southern Anhui.
【Key words】 Wang Village; Qingyang County; bronzes; Western Zhou; bronze culture;
On the Caste Research of Jades of the Yue State
【Author】 LIU ZHANG Min（Nanjing Museum; Nanjing; Jiangsu 210016）;
【Abstract】Noble tombs of the Yue State can be graded into five levels according to the scale,based on which,and taking into consideration the categorization,and the figures and patterns of objects,Yue jade wares may fit into seven levels.The caste research of Yue jade provides new channels and methods for studying the complicated social formation of the Yue State.
【Key words】 Yue State; jade; caste;
On XIANG Liang Casting Coins Based on Newly Unearthed Materials【Author】 JI He（Suzhou Cultural Relics Management Office; Suzhou; Anhui 23400）;【Abstract】Several groups of coin models and a coin hoard were unearthed from the site of the Ancient City of Zheng & Han in Xinzheng,Henan,to which,controversies have arisen over the ascription of the irregularly shaped spade coins and the co-existence of coins from various states.An examination on the characteristic of the unearthed accompanying weapons,and the historical materials concerning the facts that Western Chu was controlling the manors economy and that the Chu army was defeated in the war with Han reveals that the coin
models and the coin hoard should be the remains of Western Chu as the social context reflected by them matches the history of Western Chu.
【Key words】 Xinzheng; coin pattern; coin hoard; irregularly shaped spade coin;
The Differentiation of Zun and Lian
【Author】 LIU Fang-fang （Department of History; Nanjing University; Nanjing; Jiangsu 210093）;
【Abstract】Lian(toilet box) and Zun(vessel) are often confused in literatures."Lian",usually used as the dressing box,was featured with single layer in the Warring States and double layers in the mid-Han Dynasty,which widely used with submunition type."Lian" was usually in round-based with cover,often decorated with painting,gold and silver foil."Zun" was a wine vessel for daily use in the Warring States period,which included two types of sub-basin-shaped one and cylindrical one,copper boned or wood boned,covered or uncovered, and often with three legs at the base.
【Key words】Lian（toilet box）; Zun（Vessel）; differentiation;
Recognition on Jingdezhen Ceramics Phylogeny in Late Ming and Early Qing Dynasties:On the Limitation of View of "Transitional Period"【Author】 PENG Tao（Shanghai Museum; Shanghai; 200003）;
【Abstract】In the research field of ancient ceramics in China,the period of late Ming and early Qing Dyna-sties is always referred to "transitional period".In the area of porcelain technology,painting style,decorative patterns and shapes,Jingdezhen ceramics at that time were all folk kiln productions and had no major style changes to the wares in the early and middle of Ming Dynasty,"transform" is only the inheritance and development of folk kiln style.So,it is more suitable and accurate to define this phylogeny of ceramics with neutral words with the concept of time or dynasty instead of “transitional period”.
【Key words】 Late Ming and Early Qing Dynasty; Jingdezhen ceramics; transitional period;
On the Zoning Mounding of Mound Tombs in Mahan
【Author】Cho Young Hyun（Dadong Cultural Properties Research Institute; Daegu; Korea）;【Abstract】The zoning mounding of mound tombs means dividing it into many regions and each part was undertaken by different people respectively.It can set clay with different colors,a row of soil bags or arrange stones as markers in order to identify zoning boundaries.The zoning direction of mound tombs was distributed radially from the center of tomb.With the expansion of mound tombs,the number of regions was increasing.The technology of zoning mounding had been used in China from the Spring & Autumn Period,so the mounding should be originated in China.
【Key words】 museum； attention； communication；
Discussion About the Feature of Stone Chamber Mounds in Jiangsu Lianyungang:Especially About the Relation Between Stone Chamber Mounds and Silla Immigrants
【Author】ZHANG Xue-feng（Nanjing University; Department of History; 210093）;
【Abstract】 Mounds with stone chamber in Lianyungang of Jiangsu Province were ever included into the Wu & Yue cultural circle of stone chamber mounds and regarded as the military installations of the Wu State in the Spring & Autumn Period.The research on their distribution,structure and funeral accessories reveals they should be Tang tombs.Furthermore,according to the records about the Silla immigrants in Lianyungang in the Tang Dynasty from The Record of a Pilgrimage to China in Search of the Law(《入唐求法巡禮行記》) written by Ennin（圆仁）, a Japanese Buddhist monk, and the study of the stone chamber tombs in the Korean Peninsula from 5th to 8th century， the stone chamber mounds in Lianyungang can be inferred to be the tombs of the Silla immigrants in the Tang Dynasty.【Key words】 Lianyungang; stone chamber mound; Tang tomb; Silla immigrant;
On Academic Supporting System Construction of Local Museum Exhibitions
【Author】LU Jian-song（Department of Cultural Heritage and Museology; Fudan University; Shanghai; 200433）;
【Abstract】 Academic research achievements and exhibit materials constitute the academic supporting system of museum exhibition,which places immediate influence on the quality and standard of the exhibition.Local museums should pay more attention to the collecting and classification of exhibit materials and intensify investigations into local cultural resources,so as to facilitate the establishment of the academic supporting system for exhibitions and raise the quality and standard of exhibitions
【Key words】 local museum; exhibition; academic supporting system;
Promoting "Identity" Is An Important Mission of Contemporary Museums
【Author】SONG Xiang-guang（School of Archaeology and Museology; Peking University; Beijing 100871）;
【Abstract】 "Identity" refers to the self-awareness of one s individual social status and his or her affiliation with a certain social group as well as a sense of belonging.It provides an important psychological base for contemporary social development.Cultural heritage is closely connected to the evolvement and the demand for development of the social group,and could catalyze and strengthen identity.To promote identity would propose new missions and bring fresh strength to museum practices including collection, research, exhibition, education, and visitor service. Museums should make use of their collections to help people understand their
evolvement and characteristics so as to strengthen their identities by revealing the multilayered information born by cultural heritage. To promote ethnic identity, cultural identity, social identity and national identity is a social responsibility of contemporary Chinese museums that should not be avoided.
【Key words】 museum; culture heritage; identity; social responsibility;
Museum Heritage Building Protection and Function Upgrade:The Old Hall Renovation in Nanjing Museum as an Example
【Author】NI Ming1 LI Ai-qun2 LU Ke-ren2 WU Er-jun3 （1.Nanjing Museum; Nanjing; 210016; 2.College of Civil Engineering; Southeast University; 210096; 3.College of Civil Engineering and Transportation; Hohai University; 210098）;
【Abstract】As the main building of Nanjing Museum,the Old Hall is the only Liao style building with modern structure that built in 1930s China.In recent years,the Old Hall was protected and repaired by advanced monolithic lifting up and base-isolation technologies,it not only effectively improved the Old Hall s seismic ability,but also expanded the building space,enhanced the spatial function and enriched the display contents and methods.The successful practices for outstanding ancient architecture protection and utilization, museum buildings construction and museum undertakings
【Key words】 The Old Hall of Nanjing Museum; monolithic lifting up; isolation; protection and utilization of ancient architecture; museum display; function upgrade;
Museum Exhibition Curating and Museum Construction
【Author】 GONG Qing National Museum of China; Beijing 100006）;
【Abstract】Exhibitions serve as a direct channel and best approach for the museum to provide cultural service to the public since one of its basic functions is to exhibit.Curating as a creative practice plays a crucial role in the success of the exhibition and the museum.The ability of exhibition curating is a major part of a museum s core competitive strength.To develop the practice of exhibition curating is in the need of museum construction,and will promote the museum s cultural influence.To study the relationship between exhibition
curating and museum construction helps to better understand the knowledge and practice of exhibition curating, and its importance to museum construction.
【Key words】exhibition curating; exhibition curator; museum construction;
Interpretation of Archaeological Information and the Displays in Heritage Site Museums:A Case Study of Nanyue Kingdom Palace Museum
【Author】 CHENG Hao（Preparation and Construction Office of Nanyue Kingdom Palace Museum; Guangzhou; Guangdong 510030）;
【Abstract】Nanyue Kingdom Palace Museum is a heritage site museum bulit on the historical site of the Nanyue Kingdom Palace. The museum includs two parts: the outdoor part showing the entire site is the major body of the museum,and the indoor part provides further information of the site with the display of cultural relics.By highlighting characteristics of the site,developing themes,transforming disadvantages to advantages,applying research achievements and creating innovative display methods, archaeological information is
interpreted hierarchically, intuitively, dynamically from multiple angles, which offers a useful experience for the displays in heritage site museums.
【Key words】exhibition Historical Site of the Nanyue Kingdom Palace; indoor display; intuitive; multiple angles;
History and Practice:Collecting Chinese Art at the Metropolitan Museum
【Author】 Zhixin Jason Sun（Department of Asian Art; The Metropolitan Museum of Art; New York; US）;
【Abstract】The Metropolitan Museum of Art has been collecting Chinese art since 1879.It started first with later Chinese porcelains and then all decorative arts of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.The collection gradually expanded to include ancient Chinese ritual bronzes,jades,ceramic figures and Buddhist sculptures.As study of Chinese art steadily advanced in the West,collectors and museum visitors began to appreciate Chinese pain-ting and calligraphy and eventually gained a full understanding of Chinese civilization that continued in the last five millennia. The Metropolitan Museum’s collecting history witnessed the learning of Chinese art in the West. The cooperation between collectors, museum patrons and curators may provide a model for museums in China.
【Key words】The Metropolitan Museum of Art; Chinese Art; Museum Collection; Collector; Patron; Curator;