The Social Responsibility and Social Education of Museum
【Author】 SHAN Jixiang
【Abstract】 Education is the key function of museum. Museum should make full use of its unique educational superiority, improve the educational system, intensify the educational function, highlight the educational features, improve the educational method, and strengthen the educational effect, combined with the school and social education, so as to perform the responsibility and mission of social education, especially the juvenile education and citizen’s quality education.
【Key words】 museum； social responsibility； social education；
Museum:The Urban Cultural Fulcrum: An Interview with Director CHEN Xie-jun
【Author】 CHEN Xie-jun;MAO Ying
【Abstract】 With the successful opening of Shanghai World Expo 2010 and the 22nd General Conference of ICOM, museum’s duty and function in the new era, especially its relations with urban culture, have attracted museum staff to face up and to think about .CHEN Xie-jun, Director of Shanghai Museum, taking the practice of Shanghai Museum and Shanghai Cultural Heritage undertakings as the example, expresses his views as follows: Cultural heritage witnesses the urban cultural context. Museum, while collecting, researching, conserving, displaying and utilizing such heritage, can get interactive improvement with the urban culture construction by upgrading the exhibition and improving the service. Thus museum can be built into the urban cultural fulcrum and then give impetus to the development of urban culture.
【Key words】 museum； cultural heritage； urban culture； cultural fulcrum； CHEN Xie-jun；
Universal Idea and Standard of Cultural Heritage Interpretation and Presentation: From "Applicable to Archaeological Excavation" to "Interpretation and Presentation of Heritage Sites"
【Author】 SUN Yan
Abstract】 Interpretation and Presentation are essential components of heritage conservation and management, as well as means of enhancing public appreciation, understanding and conservation awareness of cultural heritage. The international texts from Recommendation on International Principles Applicable to Archaeological Excavation to The ICOMOS Charter for the Interpretation and Presentation of Cultural Heritage Sites express the universal ideals of interpretation and presentation of cultural heritage. Introducing these ideals to China and applying them to Chinese practice will have a good effect on the conservation and management of Chinese cultural heritage.
【Key words】 heritage； interpretation； presentation； idea；
Value Evaluation System and Conservation and Utilization Mode of Great Sites: A Case Study of Conservation and Utilization Plan of Tanshishan Site
【Author】 WANG Yin-Ping
【Abstract】 Great Sites Conservation hasn’t got any mature experience although it is getting more and more attention. The effective conservation and rational utilization should depend on the correct understanding of its overall value. The quantitative assessment of the value of Tanshishan site takes the method of setting an assessment index system of the value, including 5 kinds and 16 appraising factors such as historical cultural value, scientific research value, artistic value, social cultural value and added value, being evaluated with Delphi method in order to determine the site’s level and provide a reference for the overall pattern of conservation and utilization. It’s a useful exploration for the conservation mode of Chinese great sites.
【Key words】 great sites； Tanshishan site； assessment index system； conservation；
On the Exploration Project of the Origins of Civilization
【Author】 MENG Xian-min
【Abstract】 To explore the origins of civilization is just to explore the unrecorded history of human being. The initial large-scaled public projects, such as city, ceremonial architecture, hydraulic engineering, were always regarded as key factors to the origin and should be attached more attention; the discovery as well as the interpretation of the early characters is of great significance to the origin exploration. All these characterize the project similar to be a Field Archaeology, which combined with the prospects of the project, determines that the project must take the way of multi-disciplinary and multi-level co-operation.
【Key words】 origin exploration of civilization； ceremonial architecture； large-scaled public project； early writing； multi-disciplinary co-operation；
Research and Inspiration of Gender Archaeology in America
【Author】 Chen Chun
【Abstract】 With the rise of feminist movement and more interest in gender issues by social studies, gender archaeology began to emerge and develop in the U.S.. The gender archaeology is a research area to explore the role of gender in specific historic context and ancient sociopolitical change by using critical perspective from ethnography, material culture, burial and human skeleton, historical document, art history and psychology. Inspired by the western gender archaeological findings, Chinese archaeologist could reexamines traditional notions of gender role during the Paleolithic, Neolithic and Bronze periods and of social development, and provides some possible explanations which may be helpful to learn more about human behavior in prehistory.
【Key words】 gender archaeology； concept； methodology； inspiration of case studies；
Retrospect of Twenty Years Paleolithic Archaeology in Jiangsu
【Author】 FANG Ying-san1 SHEN Guan-jun2
【Abstract】 Studies on Paleolithic archaeology in Jiangsu Province, East China can be divided into two stages. The first one represents a preliminary period between 1950s and 1980s, during which fragmentary hominin fossils including Xiacaowan Man in Sihong, Lianhuadong Man in Zhenjiang, Shenxiandong Man in Lishui, as well as Paleolithic localities in the valley of Yi-Shu Rivers, and at Sanshandao in Taihu Lake. The 20 years since early 1990s, is a new stage of Paleolithic archaeology in Jiangsu.There are Nanjing Homo erectus site and dozens of Paleolithic sites discovered in southern and northern Jiangsu. The sites of Heshangdun, Fangniushan, Jiangjunya etc., were excavated. Up to now, 45 hominin or Paleolithic sites have been discovered, based on which an evolutionary series of the hominin and Paleolithic culture has been proposed. Studies suggest that, the lithic artifacts discovered in southern Jiangsu belong to the Pebbles Tool-Chopper/Chopping Tool industry in southern China, while those in northern Jiangsu resemble more to the industry in northern China.
【Key words】 Paleolithic archaeology； Jiangsu Province； 20 years Progress； retrospect；
An Excavation Report on Tomb 91 at Dongshancun Site, Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu
【Author】 Nanjing Museum; Zhangjiagang Museum
【Abstract】 Tomb 91,one of the high-grade tombs excavated at Dongshancun site of Zhangjiagang ,Jiangsu, boasts the largest amount of burial artifacts, of 38 pieces(sets) of pottery, jade and stone wares ,among all the ever found single tomb of Songze Culture. Judged by the burial pottery, the tomb can be dated to the middle period of Songze Culture. Such high-grade tombs, discovered in the lower reaches of Yangtze River, for the first time, fill the blank of no discovery of high-grade tombs of Songze Culture and provide new materials for restudying the general situation and social productivity of that time in the Taihu Lake area.
【Key words】 Songze Culture； Dongshancun site； high-grade tombs；
On the Source and the External Influence of the Kuahuqiao Culture:Also on the Cultural Exchanges Between the Middle and Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River in the Middle of Neolithic Age
【Author】 HAN Jian-ye
【Abstract】 In the end of 7000 years BC, based on the Shangshan Culture and influenced by the Pengtoushan Culture in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, the native culture in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River developed to be the Kuahuqiao Culture which made a reverse impact on the culture in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River in its flourish period at the beginning of 6 000 years BC, and facilitated the Pengtoushan Culture changing into the Lower Zaoshi Culture. Through the exchange and integration, cultures in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River became almost similar and then constituted a new cultural system characterized by kettle, circular-footed tray and Dou(豆),which can also be called as "Cultural system of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River".
【Key words】 Kuahuqiao Culture； Shangshan Culture； Pengtoushan Culture； Lower Zaoshi Culture； middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River；
On the Change of Majiabang Culture Around the West Taihu Lake: Also on the Stage, Area and Type of Majiabang Culture
【Author】 TIAN Ming-li
【Abstract】 The Nanjing Museum has launched a series excavation of ancient sites since putting forward the project on Majiabang Culture around the west Taihu Lake in 2000.On the base of phasing and dating these sites, Majiabang Culture could be divided into two stages. In the early stage between BP 7000 years to about BP six thousand and four or five hundred years, there was Luotuodun-Wujiabu type around the west Taihu Lake, while the early Luojiajiao type around the east. In the late stage between BP six thousand and four or five hundred years to BP 5900 years, there existed the late Xixi-Shendun types and Miaoqian type around the west,while Caoxieshan-Weidun types, the late Luojiajiao type and remains of Qitoushan-Pengzudun and Sanxingcun around the east.
【Key words】 around the Taihu Lake； Majiabang Culture； stage； type；
Wings and Axis:The Evolution of Cultural Structure of Neolithic Age in Lingnan
【Author】 HE Guo-jun
【Abstract】 Lingnan is an important area in region and pedigree types of Chinese ancient culture. Neolithic Age is an important stage of Lingnan prehistoric culture. In different time and space, the cultural structure of Lingnan kept evolving under the influence of external cultural elements from Lingbei. However,its aboriginal cultural tradition is always the main content of Neolithic culture in Lingnan.
【Key words】 Lingnan； Neolithic Age； cultural structure； evolution；
Viewing Complication Process of the Society in the Lower Reaches of Yangtze River from Dongshancun Site
【Author】 LIN Liu-gen
【Abstract】 The excavation of Dongshancun site mainly discovered tombs of Majiabang Culture and a settlement of Songze Culture consisting of house foundations and burials, the nine large tombs of high rank of Songze Culture were the first discovery which filled the blank of high-ranked tombs of Songze Culture and provided new data for re-understanding the comprehensive feature and the level of the social productivity of Songze Culture around Taihu Lake zone.The separated arrangement of large-and small-sized tombs and the large-sized house foundations in the early and middle phases of Songze Culture proved that social classes of the rich and the poor have emerged in Songze Culture around 5800 BP at least, which provided new archaeological materials for the researches on the process of social civilization in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and was of great significance to the research of the origins of Chinese civilization.
【Key words】 Dongshancun site； lower reaches of the Yangtze River； Songze Culture； the process of civilization；
On the Jades of Songze Culture and the Relatives
【Author】 FANG Xiang-ming
【Abstract】 The shape and type of Songze Culture jades share some common features with those in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River; The jades excavated in Nanjing-Zhenjiang area,the ancient Wuhu area should get more concern because of their significance; The jades in the period of early Songze Culture to late Liangzhu Culture from the south Jiangsu and the area along the Yangtze River should get further research on their feature of transmission or inheritance; To study the jades from Fanshan and Yaoshan sites would probably provide some inspiration for the unknown subjects about the jades in the late stage of Songze Culture.
【Key words】 Songze Culture； jade；
On the Painted Potteries and Painted Pottery Series of the Neolithic Age in Jiangsu
【Author】 FEI Ling-ya
【Abstract】 In the Neolithic Age, Jiangsu can be divided into three regions: Huanghuai, Jianghuai and Jiangnan, while the painted potteries mainly distributed in Huanghuai and Jianghuai regions. The painted potteries in Huanghuai are external painting series while those in Jianghuai are internal painting series. The painted potteries in Huanghuai, same as those in Haidai, belong to Dawenkou Culture area. The painted potteries in Jianghuai may originate from or strongly influenced by Yangshao Culture, and there exists a special cultural phenomenon of cross-regional migration or transmission between them.
【Key words】 Jiangsu； the Neolithic Age； painted potteries； painted pottery series；
Subsequent Effect of Shanghai World Expo:From Museum’s Perspective
【Author】 LV Jian-chang ZHANG Yu
【Abstract】 Museums constructed for the Shanghai World Expo will take a significant effect to promote urban economy and culture after the World Expo. Museums in Shanghai will absorb and reference the advanced concepts, technologies and the successful experiences of volunteers of the World Expo in order to improve display level and social service quality and thus to lead and promote the cooperation and exchanges among the Yangtze River Delta museums through integrating the museum resources of this region.
【Key words】 World Expo； subsequent effect； museum；
Museum and the Space Production of Urban Culture
【Author】 ZHOU Gen-hong
【Abstract】 With the development of modern society, museums which produce and recreate the new urban culture develop to be an important part of the space production of urban culture. Through the design of space, museums become a kind of cultural site of visual gazing and the public space for citizen exchange, which enhance the cultural identity of citizen. Museums have also become a part of the urban landscape and build a urban symbolic space. In addition, the space production of museums shows a clear feature of the consumption culture, such as a large number of commercial cultural reproduction and consumerism transformation.
【Key words】 museum； urban culture； space production；
On the Relationship Between Urban Culture Construction and Museum from the Shanghai World Expo
【Author】 WU Mei-hua
【Abstract】 The success of the Shanghai World Expo closed the distance between the museum and the public, and urban culture is the inner strength of supporting for urban development, and museum is a concentrated expression of urban culture, we should highlight and develop the status and function of museums in urban culture construction in order to achieve the common development of museums and urban culture.
【Key words】 urban culture； museum； relationship；