ZHANG Zhong – pei,
Some suggestions About the Construction of National Archaeological Site Park: A Speech on “2009 Great Site Conservation·Liangzhu Forum” (6)
【Abstract】As new forms of the practice of Great Site conservation, the proposal of constructing National Archaeological Site Park and the promulgation of relevant laws and regulations present a link for urban construction and the Great Site conservation, and also offer some new contents for the city’s cultural construction. The Site Park construction demands long – term prospective and strategic thoughts, sustained, advanced supports of archaeology and heritage conservation, and as well as the site conservation planning and the construction blueprint of corresponding stage. We should exactly characterize the Site Park, fix its position, make preparations for site museum construction and take the cultural construction of heritage as the foothold in order to explore the cultural characteristics and the evolution laws of the archaeological culture.
【Key words】National Archaeological Site Park; Great Site conservation
DU Jin – peng,
Conservation of Great Archaeological Sites and Construction of Archaeological Site Park (9)
【Abstract】Archaeological Site Park, a newly developed model of site conservation and management with purpose of preserving the site and serving archaeology, plays an important part in “building the spiritual home for the Chinese people”. The Site Park construction requires proper conservation planning, rigorous and meticulous management and research, and possibly, continuous reassessments and reexaminations. Archaeologists, site managers and heritage administrations should cooperate in the construction of the archaeological site park.
【Key words】Archaeology; Archaeological Site Park; Great Site conservation
●Theory on Cultural Heritage Conservation
Understanding and Analysis of Grand Canal as Cultural Routes (13)
【Abstract】Grand Canal has always been cherished as cultural heritage. In recent years, the upsurge of China applying for World Heritage has promoted the relevant research based on the World Heritage theory. Meanwhile, some important international heritage research institutions also pay much attention to this special case. Although nowadays many key topics such as character definition and evaluation of Grand Canal are under discussion, the research of Grand Canal is still not in line with World Heritage theory. For this reason, we should first discover the problems of the evaluation of Grand Canal according to the related international Heritage Canal charter, then try to analysis the character definition and evaluation of Grand Canal with reference to the theory of Cultural Routes in order to build up new understanding of this important property.
【Key words】Grand Canal; Cultural Routes; The ICOMOS Charter on Cultural Routes; evaluation; Heritage Canal; International Canal Monument List
Features and Approaches of Protection of the Grand Canal of Sui and Tang Dynasties as a Lineal Cultural Heritage: A Case Study of Anhui Section (18)
【Abstract】As a kind of typical Lineal Cultural Heritage, the Grand Canal in the Sui and Tang Dynasties which had connected the north and south, been navigable for eight dynasties and benefited the whole country with its water transportation “Cao Yun” enjoys the reputation of the most efficient and influential route of interactive communication of economic and cultural resources between the north and the south. For its conservation, we must, first of all, lauch the resource surveys, then implement the conservation while analyzing problems thus carry out an overall conservation.
【Key words】Lineal Cultural Heritage; the Grand Canal in the Sui and Tang Dynasties
History of Science and Technological Archaeology Department, University of Science and Technology of China; Museum of University of Science and Technology of China; Maanshan Cultural Relics Administration Bureau,
A Preliminary Report on Regional Systematic Investigation of Caishi Valley of Maanshan (23)
【Abstract】In 2006 and 2007, University of Science and Technology of China et al. organized a team to carry out investigation twice in the Caishi Valley of Maanshan, Anhui. By the means of regional systematic investigation, the team investigated 24 sites of the late Neolithic Age, Dianjiangtai and Hushu Culture period, the Six Dynasties to the Ming and Qing period. Based on the investigations, from the point of view of the settlement patterns, the team studied these sites groups, analyzed their distribution, evolution as well as the relationship between human activities and natural environment and summarized the trajectory and reasons of the settlement change.
【Key words】Caishi Valley; regional systematic investigation; settlemental archaeology
ZHANG Quan – chao, WANG Yang, ZHAI Yang,
Analysis of Trace Elements in Liangzhu Culture Human Bone from Guangfulin Site in Songjiang of Shanghai (31)
【Abstract】In recent decades, the study on the palaeodiet of ancient people has become an important part of the modern technological archaeology and stepped into the forward position of the current international technological archaeological field, as chemical elements in human bones can supply a lot of valuable information to reconstruct the model of ancient diet. The result determined by ICP – AES showed that there were seven chemical elements such as zincum (Zn), calcium (Ca), phosphorum (P), manganum (Mn), magnesium (Mg), strontium (Sr) and barium (Ba) in Liangzhu culture human bone from Guangfulin site in Songjiang of Shanghai. It also indicated that plentiful paddy and aquatic products were the main food resources which supplied enough protein for the ancient inhabitants in Liangzhu Culture.
【Key words】Guangfulin site; Liangzhu Culture; human bone; trace elements analysis
XIA Gen – lin,
Bronze Wares Unearthed From a Hoard at Jiangdu Daqiao of Jiangsu (37)
【Abstract】A number of bronze wares were unearthed from a hoard discovered at Daqiao town of Jiangdu of Jiangsu province. Among them were several characteristic ones such as the set of light and tray, the stemmed cup with dear pattern and big & small plates, which supply treasury materials for the research of the daily articles, cooking utensils, drinking vessels and the social life of the Southern Dynasties.
【Key words】Jiangdu City; the Southern Dynasties; hoard; bronze wares
CHENG Yi, YAO Chen – chen, Yan Jian - wei,
The Taoist Relics Excavated at Linwu Cave in Suzhou (41)
【Abstract】The Linwu cave, known as the 9th Taoist cave, was an important spot where the Taoist activities were held in successive dynasties. In 1982, there ever unearthed a group of relics such as the stone stele of the Southern Liang Dynasty, the stone statue of the Five Dynasties, gold dragon, jade slip, gold ring and potteries & porcelains, etc. The set of gold dragon, jade slip, gold ring was relics of the dragon – throwing ceremony of the Taoism with the largest number and the most complete unit unearthed in one single spot and thus can provide significant information for further research.
【Key words】Linwu cave; Taoism; Dragon – throwing ceremony; gold dragon; jade slip; gold ring
XU Shao – hua,
On the Date, Clan and Character of the Tomb at Jiulidun of Shucheng (45)
【Abstract】The tomb of the Spring & Autumn period at Jiulidun of Shucheng was ever dated to be close to the tomb of Marquis Cai at Shou County in the excavation report. But, judged by the detailed characters of the bronzes Ding, Fu and Dui, the burial time should be about 500 BC and thus should be a little bit earlier than that of Marquis Cai. The bronzes remained in the tomb with clear style of Chu Culture revealed that the tomb master had a close relationship with Chu State and Chu Culture. As for the status of the master, it can be taken as a point of view that he was probably a monarch of the States of Qunshu remarked in the report. Meanwhile, according to the scale and shape of the tomb, parts of funerary objects and the historical background, he was much more probably a high – ranking noble of the Wu State.
【Key words】the tomb ar Jiulidun of Shucheng; date; clan; character
CHEN Yuan – fu,
A Preliminary Study on Funeral System and Custom of Noble Tombs of Yue State (49)
【Abstract】Yue State, built by Yu Yue, the strongest one of the Ethnic Groups of Bai Yue in the South, rose abruptly in the Spring and Autumn period in the Taihu Area with unique historical cultural traits such as the funeral system and custom of noble tombs, and so on. The new discoveries, relevant research and exploration have gradually brought to light major aspects of the above – mentioned system and custom: the rectangular and inverted – cup – shaped tomb mound, the rectangular earth (rock) pit and outer wooden coffin with tomb passage, the accompanying pit for funerary objects outside the tomb, the proto – porcelain or hard pottery sacrificial vessels and musical instruments which imitated and replaced the bronze ones, etc.
【Key words】Yue State; noble tomb; funeral system and custom
YANG En – yu,
A Verification and Analysis about the tomb of Xuan Cheng Nei Shi Huan Yi of the Eastern Jin Dynasty (56)
【Abstract】There recorded two spots of the tomb of Xuan Cheng Nei Shi Huan Yi of the Eastern Jin in Annals of Ning Guo in Jia Qing Reign: one was located in Jing county, one in Xuancheng. Scholars of the Qing Dynasty suggested that Huan Yi’s tomb should be in Jing County while that in Xuancheng be one of his ancestors. However, the annals of the Song and Ming Dynasties showed that Huan Yi’s tomb was in Xuancheng and the one in Jing County was his ancestral hall. Through comprehensive survey and inferences, it can be concluded that Huan Yi was buried in Xuancheng (named Wanling at that time) and there could be his ancestral hall in Jing County.
【Key words】Huan Yi’s tomb; the couple buried in the same grave; being buried besides ancestors’ in their hometown; local records
ZHANG Xue – feng,
Supplementary Explanation for the “Jian Heng Yuan Nian” Land Deeds from Wu Tomb in Binjiang Development Zone of Nanjing (60)
【Abstract】Those uninterpreted, misinterpreted and missing inscriptions in the “Jian Heng Yuan Nian” (269 AD) land deeds of the Wu tomb in Binjiang development zone of Nanjing can be supplemented, reinterpreted and revised as follows: ”Shi Yi Yue Ding Si Shuo (十一月丁巳朔)”, “Dan Yang (丹杨)”, “Bu An Zhong Zhai (卜安冢宅)”, “Cong Di Zhu Gu Si Mai Di (从地主古糸买地)”, “Si Mai Cheng Mai (糸卖承买)”, “Xian Li Ke Xin (先立可信)”. Though the deeds content imitated the lease of real life, its acreage, price and the landlord’s name were more likely fabricated.
【Key words】Wu tomb; land deeds; supplementary interpretation
LI Liang – fang, HU A – xiang,
Further Comment on the Research of Six Dynasties Culture (62)
【Abstract】To broaden and deepen the basic & applied research of the Six Dynasties Culture, some aspects should be well worth attention: being familiar with the basic documents, making use of archaeological materials, possessing the relevant theory and doctrine and properly handling the relationship between “Zhi Zhi (pursuit of knowledge)” and “Zhi Yong (pragmatism)”,etc.
【Key words】basic documents; archaeological materials; theory; doctrine; pragmatism
ZHOU Yu – Xing,
Sino – Baekje Relations in Light of Bilateral Marine Traffic (70)
【Abstract】During the period from the 2nd century to the 7th century, the East Asia underwent a critical time characterized by national integration and social transformation. Baekje, a kingdom on the west coast of Korean Peninsular, interacted most closely and frequently with the several regimes of China and became an active ambassador connecting China, Korea and Japan and an important medium for promoting the use of Chinese characters in East Asia and the emergency of the Confucianism cultural circle. Based on literature, archaeological findings, the history of marine traffic connecting the east coast of China and the west coast of Korean peninsular, the Sino – Baekje interaction and the communication can be revealed in light of maritime history.
【Key words】Baekje; the period from the 2nd century to the 7th century; East Asia; maritime history
●New Opinions on Museology
【Abstract】Antiquities, referring to the ancient objects relative with Archaeology, History, Ancient Biology, etc. and with wide range and various categories, are generally collected and preserved by the criteria such as the age, the quantity and the scientific, historic & artistic value. Chinese collection originated in the Shang & Zhou Dynasties, developed in the successive dynasties and thrived in the Ming & Qing Dynasties. With the introduction of the Eastern theory, antiquities started to be taken as public property and gradually displayed for the public. To collect antiquities, we should weigh the scientific value, preserve the unmovable ones on the spot while preserving those movable ones with scientific method. Furthermore, we should understand their value, make use of the modern method to carry out the research and preservation.
【Key words】antiquities; classify; collect; preserve; modern method
Thoughts on the Research Objects of Museology (83)
【Abstract】Museology is an integrated knowledge system involving multiple, disciplines. As a new and developing discipline, its development is blocked because of several cognitive problems on its own orientation, research methods and the definition of theoretical system. Due to such situation of Chinese museums, we should focus on the practical work of museum in order to enrich, improve the discipline of Museology.
【Key words】Museology; research object; position; theoretical system; practice
LV Jian – chang, QIU Jie,
Shanghai World Expo and Industrial Heritage Museum (88)
【Abstract】In 1960s and 1970s, a conservation campaign of industrial heritage was launched in the Western countries to build various types of industrial heritage museums, and some effective methods of conservation were found out from the practice. In the construction of Shanghai World Expo Garden, Shanghai World Expo Coordination Bureau has instituted the principle of three classifications and carried out effective conservation of industrial heritage, established the programs of transformation for re – use and the plan of transforming part of Expo Halls into museums after Expo, which will dramatically promote the development of Shanghai museums.
【Key words】industrial heritage; Shanghai World Expo; museum
Museum and Juvenile Education (93)
【Abstract】Education is one of the duties of museum. Museum takes the superiority and has also played an important role in juvenile education, although, on the whole, it is still in the stage of exploration and with gaps between museums, especially in the aspects of youngsters – oriented service, network propaganda, volunteer organization youngsters – centered service, taking education suited to each individual, encouraging participation, innovating exhibition, developing network education, increasing financial input through various channels, so as to promote the juvenile education.
【Key words】museum; juvenile education; duty; superiority; gap; action
●Special Subject: Rock Painting
Some Views for the Interpretation of Rock Art (100)
【Abstract】The arbitrary guess of the rock art or misinterpretation only based on pictures usually leads to a bias to the interpretation in academic circle. In order to avoid this result, we should take all kinds of possible factors into account, such as the environment of the rock art, the link between pictures of rock art, the local culture of the origin, the support from other disciplines, and so on.
【Key words】rock art; interpretation; background; local knowledge
ZHONG Ji – ji,
Preliminary Exploration of Xiang Shu Symbols and Grid Patterns of Ancient Rock Paintings (106)
【Abstract】Analyzed the grid patterns of ancient rock paintings from the perspective of “Xiang Shu (image & number, referring to the sun, the moon, the stars and their flight periods) symbols”, Archaeology, Astronomy and Paleography, it can be inferred that “Xiang Shu (image & number) symbols” had ever been used to record astronomy and calendar information before characters or writing symbols were created.
【Key words】rock paintings; Xiang Shu (image & number, referring to the sun, the moon, the stars and their flight periods) symbols; grid pattern; calendar; Archaeology
●Remarks on Art in “Ten – Bamboo Study”
A Summary of the Transmutation on the Theory System in Chinese Landscape Painting (112)
【Abstract】As a constituent element of the traditional Chinese culture, landscape painting itself relies on the guidance of the traditional culture on its course of development, which accounts for the uniqueness of landscape painting. The pursuit of the so – called “intangibility”, “artistic conception” and other means of art demonstration, including the essence of “falsehood” and “reality” in the painting composition, goes nowhere without the guidance of traditional culture. Therefore, some clarification of the theory system of landscape painting would shed light upon its development in the 21st century.
【Key words】landscape painting; theory system; transmutation
LI Yong – qiang,
On the Phenomenon of Short and Hidden Inscriptions in the Song Paintings (117)
【Abstract】There is a phenomenon of short inscription and hidden inscription in the paintings of the Song Dynasty. Some Scholars suggest it related with the painters’ poor calligraphy in the Song Dynasty. In fact, there exist three reasons in the Song Dynasty: First, the aesthetic realm of “Zhen (the true)”, “Ge Wu Zhi Zhi (study the regular patterns of nature and society)”; Second, the lower level of inscriptions; Third, the painters’ status, aesthetic standards and their own temperament.
【Key words】short inscription; hidden inscription; Qiu Zhen (pursuit of the true); Ge Wu Zhi Zhi (study the regular patterns of nature and society)
●New Book Shelf
An Evolving Sub – Discipline of Archaeology: Commentary on YANG Hong – xun’s Treatises on Architectural Archaeology (Revised Edition) (121)
【Abstract】YANG Hong – xun’s Treatises on Architectural Archaeology (Revised Edition) has been published by Tsinghua Univeristy Press. This book is a summary of the research on the Architectural Archaeology for several decades by YANG Hongxun and is of great significance to the development of the discipline of Architectural Archaeology.
【Key words】Architectural Archaeology; treatises; revised edition; discipline construction
Jiangsu Society of Wu Culture,
Summary of 2009 International Symposium on Wu Culture