Cultural Heritage Conservation also Develops the Productive Forces (6)
SHAN Ji – xiang,
On the Overall Conservation of Chinese Ancient Large – scale City – sites (7)
(State Administration of Cultural Heritage, Beijing)
【Abstract】The overall conservation of the ancient large scale city sites and their environment is an important project with great strategic significance in the international cultural heritage conservation area, meanwhile it has been an urgent and pressing task for China to rescue and preserve the Chinese ancient large scale city sites and environment. The valuable explorations China has carried out in this field have inspired some thoughts on the overall conservation, such as to set up a principle of making conservation plans in advance, to carry out the overall conservation of sites and environment, to make full use of the comprehensive effect of the specific protective funds to benefit the cities and the masses, to enhance the archaeological work, to explore the scientific conservation and exhibition methods, to value the site museum construction, to build city – site parks, etc..
【Key words】Ancient large scale city sites, overall conservation
●Theory on Cultural Heritage Conservation
Respecting the Requirement of People’s Lives in Great Sites Conservation: A Case Study of Jiangsu Province in Southeast China (16)
(Nanjing Museum, Nanjing, Jiangsu)
【Abstract】In recent years, as the goal and task of the great sites conservation, respecting the requirement of people’s livelihood combined organically with the conservation has become the exact development direction for the conservation project. In the conservation practice, Jiangsu has combined the conservation with the site park construction, the dwelling environment improvement, new countryside garden (modern agriculture garden) construction and tourist economy development., etc, which explores sufficient successful ways, especially for the relevant work of southeast China in the future.
【Key words】people’s livelihood, the great sites conservation, Jiangsu
CHEN Tong – bin,
Analysis of the Conservation Planning and Technological Innovation of the Chinese Great Sites (23)
(The Architectural History Institute of China Architecture Design & Research Group, Beijing)
【Abstract】The great sites conservation have been the emerging science and technology as a major type in the area of Chinese cultural heritage conservation and an important link in the overall work of great sites conservation. The great sites conservation in China are still facing serious challenge and need continue to explore the innovation of multi disciplinary integrated technology. An innovative exploration has been conducted in the planning framework and key technical aspects of the great sites conservation by the Architectural History Institute of China Architecture Design & Research Group which created a programming structure of the overall planning of great sites conservation and established a evaluation system for the present situation of great sites in the past 10 years. Against the backdrop of resource shortage, the “Hongshan model” created by the Architectural History Institute conforms to the cause of great sites conservation. The “11th Five Year” Planning Outline of Chinese Important Great Sites Conservation will not only play a significant role in impelling the conservation of Chinese cultural heritage and major cultural resources, but also make outstanding contributions for Chinese cultural heritage conservation in the 21st century.
【Key words】the great sites, conservation planning, technological innovation
ZHANG Jin – ping,
Summary of 2009 International Symposium on Ancient Sites Conservation in East Asia (29)
LI Yan – hong, et al.,
Analysis on the Ceremonial Axe of Production Tools at Neolithic Age: on the Function Differentiation of the Production Tools (31)
(University of Science and Technology of China, History of Science and Technology of Archaeology Department, Hefei, Anhui)
【Abstract】Stone shovels and stone tomahawks are ordinary production tools at the early stage of Neolithic Age. Along with development of social economy and expanding of original religious force, a part of stone shovels and stone tomahawks, which are made more and more exquisitely, even some of them are carved decorative pictures, gradually differ from tools and become sacrifice or religious articles. This article takes stone shovels and stone tomahawks for example in order to discuss the phenomenon of Ceremonial Axe at Neolithic Age.
【Key words】Neolithic Age, ceremonial axe, stone shovels, stone tomahawks
ZHAO Dong – sheng,
On the Era, Development Stages and the Related Issues of Wannian Culture (36)
(History Department of Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu)
【Abstract】Wannian Culture distributes in the northeast and east of Jiangxi Province, its emergence and development based on the local prehistoric culture. Its age is the same to the Wucheng Culture which located in the west and north of Jiangxi Province, but their culture appearance is absolutely different. Wucheng Culture is in closely contact with the Shang Culture, but Wannian Culture and the cultures which distribute in the north of Fujian Province; the south of the Zhejiang Province and the south of the Jiangsu Province have same characteristics and independent of the Shang Culture. Due to the restrictions on the excavation, the knowledge about Wannian Culture is still inadequate, especially for its era an development stages which are great significant to understand the surrounding culture and culture interaction. So, on the basis of the new excavations and research in the past and in recent years, we attempt to analyze the era and stages of Wannian Culture.
【Key words】the northeast and east of Jiangxi Province, Shang Period, Wannian Culture, culture era and development stages
An Archaeological Study about the Custom of the Tombs in the Ganjiang River Valley during Song Dynasty (48)
(Research Center for the Chinese Frontier Archaeology of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin)
【Abstract】The funerary objects in Song Dynasty burials were mainly porcelains in Ganjiang River valley, and the heaped bottles are the most characteristic objects. The burials are mainly brick – chambered tombs. This formation of the funeral customs was mainly due to the impact of three religions, Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. It was a product of combining the religion factor, geographic factor and cultural exchange factors.
【Key words】Ganjiang River Valley, the burial custom of Song Dynasty, archaeological research
WU Hai – hong,
Report of Lijiafen Tomb in Ming Dynasty at Wangdian, Jiaxing (53)
(Jiaxing Museum, Jiaxing, Zhejiang)
【Abstract】December 2006, Jiaxing Museum and Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology rescued and cleaned up the tombs of Ming Dynasty at Lijiafen, Wangdian town, Xiuzhou District, Jiaxing, Zhejiang. A number of exquisite artifacts were found in which silk artifacts are the most characteristic. They are valuable materials for the study on tombs, silk, social life and family of the Ming Dynasty in Jiangnan region.
【Key words】Wangdian, Ming Dynasty, surname Li, tombs
TANG Yun – jun, HAN Pin - zheng,
On Boni King Tomb (63)
(Jiangsu Provincial Administration of Cultural Heritage, Nanjing, Jiangsu; Nanjing Administration of Cultural Heritage, Nanjing, Jiangsu)
【Abstract】Boni King tomb of Ming Dynasty is located in Shizigang, in the southern suburbs of Nanjing, Jiangsu. Sulu King tomb situates in the northern outskirts of Dezhou, Shandong. These two tombs were constructed in tetrarch standard and are of the similar style. Comparing the two tombs with the tombs during Ming Dynasty tetrarchs and officials, it could be concluded that the relationship between Boni country and Ming Dynasty was friendly and had the monarchy and sovereign country color. From the stone figures styles of Boni king tomb, it could be inferred that the sculpture level was lower compared with the previous generation.
【Key words】Boni King tomb, compare
LI Shu – yi,
The Exchange in the Overseas Trade and Culture of Yixing Purple Sandy Wares (68)
(Institute of Chinese Studies, the Chinese University of Hong Kong)
【Abstract】In late Ming and early Qing Dynasties, the export teapots of Yixing were exported to Southeast Asia and Europe. The former developed native characteristic with different cultural traditions, and also reflected the tea culture of Chinese in Southeast Asia. The latter, totally different from the import teapots on the style, help and promoted the creation and production of European porcelains.
【Key words】the purple sandy teapot of Yixing, overseas trade, cultural exchange
WANG Xing – ping,
Identification of Yixing Pottery Industry as A Cultural Heritage and Its Temporary Significance (76)
(Nanjing Municipal Bureau of Culture Relics, Nanjing, Jiangsu)
【Abstract】This paper takes Yixing as an economic and cultural model of Chinese pottery industry. From the socio – cultural and heritage perspective, it gives an analysis of 6000 – year pottery production and extracts the important concepts of the “Yixing pottery industry as cultural heritage”. It also demonstrates the important role of pottery heritage in the revival of pottery industry and the sustainable development of Yixing and even of China.
【Key words】Yixing pottery history, pottery cultural heritage
LI Min – xing,
A Restudy of the Bamboo Shaped Teapot with A Mark of Man – sheng (82)
(School of History and Culture, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin)
【Abstract】This article restudies the bamboo shaped teapot which got from Jinshan county, Shanghai. This teapot is more similar with teapots in Dao – guang Period, so it should be made in the same period. Its marked “Yang Dou” means the teapot very well. Comparing with other teapots marked Wan – quan, this teapot should be the works in Wan – quan’s early period.
【Key words】purple sandy wares, bamboo shaped teapot, Wan - quan
●New Opinions on Museology
RUAN Qing – pei,
A Primary Discussion on the Display and Exhibition of Chinese Museum (87)
(Nanjing Cultural Relics company, Nanjing, Jiangsu)
【Abstract】The display and exhibition of the museum plays an important role in the preservation of traditional culture. In order to receive satisfied effect, the museum workers should draw on collective wisdom, absorb all useful ideas, make elaborate design and offer human service to attract more viewers.
【Key words】museum, display and exhibition, design
XING Zhao – hua,
On the Modern Space – centered Display Art in Ancient Architecture (90)
(School of Architecture of South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong)
【Abstract】There are not any mature models about the modern display in ancient architectures to imitate. This type of display often takes the space art as the center in practice. The original construction’s indoor area and the exhibition line not only needs elastic unconventional division, but also profits from the modeling factors of the historic building and the related cultural relics utensil element, which will make a new ideal condition. The creation of scenes can become the best choice for enlivening the displays and showing the design character.
【Key words】ancient architecture, modern art scene display, space art, creation of scenes, modeling elements
●Special Subject: Technology for Great Sites Conservation
ZHOU Shuang – lin, et al.,
Research on the Waterproof Technique of Moist Archaeological Earthen Sites (95)
(School of Archaeology and Museology of Beijing University, Beijing)
【Abstract】Water is an important factor on the deterioration of moist earthen archaeological sites. Several archaeological sites were investigated for their waterproof engineering method. The methods they used are: water isolating wall, water isolating corridor, arch method under the site and drainage method. It has proved that arch method is more efficient in preserve the archaeological sites.
【Key words】moist earthen archaeological sites, water isolating wall, water isolating corridor, drainage method, arch method
The Case Introduction of Water Harnessing for Ancient Sites and Tombs in the Regions South of Yangtze River (99)
(Nanjing Museum, Nanjing, Jiangsu)
【Abstract】The article introduces the main modes in protecting the ancient sites and ancient tombs in recent three years. There are three key methods in the case introduction for water circumstances management. Firstly, base isolation system was applied, impermeable blanket was used for isolating the water seepage and the outdoor rainwater. Secondly, water diversion system was utilized, it can draw the height and underground water into the special blind ditch. Thirdly, the preventive conservation measures were taken in the projects, and the soil surface was reinforced. The above there methods are going to prevent the growth of mold and moss, in this way, the ancient sites and tombs are protected, which is absent from the circumstances of rich rain, high humidity and high temperature.
【Key words】ancient sites, ancient tombs, water circumstances
ZHENG Dong – qing, XI San – cai, WAN LI; ZHANG Pin – rong; QIU Yong – sheng,
Waterproofing and Reinforcement Conservation on the Terra – cotta Warriors and Horses Pits of Han Dynasty at Shizishan Mountain of Xuzhou City (105)
(Nanjing Museum, Nanjing, Jiangsu; Yixing Tai Anti – seepage and Protects Co., Ltd, Yixing, Jiangsu; Museum of the Xuzhou Terra – cotta Warriors and Horses of Han, Xuzhou, Jiangsu)
【Abstract】The terra – cotta warriors and horses pits in Han Dynasty locate in Shizishan mountain of Xuzhou city. The site pits excavated in December, 1984. After excavation, the pits weren’t protected, so the terra – cotta warriors and horses were always in a water – saturated state and even soaked in the water. Thus, the terra – cotta warriors and horses had some diseases, such as cracking, colored drawing layer exfoliating, efflorescence of pottery matrix, pulverization and so on. Nanjing Museum and Yixing Taihu anti – seepage and protects Co., Ltd protected the terra – cotta warriors and horses pits in 2007. The implementation of waterproof projects is very effective for preventing water to infract the pits of the terra – cotta warriors and horses pits.
【Key words】Terra – cotta warriors and horses pits of Han Dynasty, sites, waterproofing and reinforcement
ZHAN Chang – fa,
On the Italian Cultural Heritage Risk Assessment System (109)
(Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage, Beijing)
【Abstract】Italian Cultural Heritage Risk Assessment System is used to administer the technical date about the degradation of the heritage during the process of cultural heritage conservation. It supports information for the scientific research and management of planning. This idea brought about from 20th century 70s, and the system developed into a scientific and standardized setup in 90s. The guidelines developed according to the Risk Assessment System can do scientific conservation. In Risk Assessment System, Italian created the central hub defining GIS as the core and carried on the preliminary investigation on the architectures and archaeological sites. In the future, Italy will perfect the system and do in – depth research on disaster prevention.
【Key words】Italy, Cultural Heritage Risk Assessment System, overview
●Remarks on Art in “Ten – bamboo Study”
LIANG Tao, et al.,
The Images of Earth God in Khotan and Its Development (115)
(Xinjiang Cultural Relics Conservation Center, Urumqi, Xinjiang)
【Abstract】Khotan is a famous ancient kingdom in the Western Regions and the Buddhism flourished there from Han to Tang Dynasties. Based on the documents, this paper discusses the performance, literary sources ad reflection of secular ideas around several images of Earth God found in Khotan, Xinjiang, since more than 100 years. In the author’s opinion, this kind of images, which were drawn on the basis of Suvarnaprabhasa – sutra “Sutra of Golden Light”, which influenced the donors portraits of royal family in Buddhist drawings of Kucha and Dunhuang, reflected those donors’ attempt to deify themselves and advocate the idea of Divine Right of Kings.
【Key words】Khotan, Earth God, Sutra of Golden Light
On the Origin of Flying Deva (121)
(Taicang Museum, Taicang, Jiangsu)
【Abstract】On the origin of flying deva image, there are two views in academic fields, one is that it came from India; the other is that it was merged by men with feathers in the Chinese traditional culture and Indian angels with wings affected by Greek culture. In this text, the author studies the archaeological materials and puts forward that flying deva image germinated in India, developed in Central Asia and the Western Regions, matured in China. This process is not a straight line, but has repeated alternatively.
【Key words】flying deva image, origin
●New Book Shelf
DING Shi – xian,
A Monograph to Praise the Outstanding Human Geographer —— “Overlook Mother Earth: Biography of WANG Shi – xing”, by XU Jian – chun (125)
(Taizhou Local Records office, Taizhou, Zhejiang)
【Abstract】The book Overlook Mother Earth: Biograph of WANG Shi – xing, written by XU Jian – chun, introduces his ideas and achievements and established his contribution and value.
【Key words】Biograph of WANG Shi – xing, contribution