The Editorial Board,
New Vision, New Expectation (6)
Initial Research on the Theories and Practices in Ideological Archaeology (7)
【Abstract】”Ideological Archaeology” mainly works on the political, legislative, and ethical concepts of past societies by analyzing archaeological materials. Strictly, however, the crucial core for the ideological archaeology is the archaeological research merely focusing on political ideology, due to the most prehistoric cultures had no formal legislations, while the ethnics were subject to the political category. Depending on the phenomenon and clues yielded by analysis both from cosmological archaeology and religious archaeology, one can retrace the political ideologies of past societies.
【Key words】ideology; archaeological theory
●Theory on Cultural Heritage Conservation
Feasible Methods to Conserve the Great Sites in Southeast China: A Case Study of Jiangsu Province (11)
【Abstract】Great site conservation has been a worldwide difficult problem in cultural relic conservation field. Jiangsu boasts numerous great sites with fruitful culture meaning, but now all these conserved sites are being affected by variety of factors to different degrees, especially threatened by manmade factors, thus forms the geographical features of conservation in Jiangsu (the Southeast China as well). Based on the successful conservation cases of the ancient city wall, the Ming Ancestral Mausoleum, the Yangzhou City – site, the Qingdun Site, etc., and the effective tries of fallow greenbelt and city proper museum series, Jiangsu has explored and concluded the workable conservation methods combined of management and techniques, such as legal protection, planning protection, criterion protection, process conservation and utilization conservation, which will also guide the conservation in the developed eastern coastal area.
【Key words】Jiangsu; great sites; conservation methods
Wang Zhe, Zhang Juzhong,
Retrospect and Prospect of the Study on the Loss and Return of Chinese Cultural Relics (16)
【Abstract】For historical reasons, China’s cultural relics lost overseas in large quantities, types and more widely distributed. Its return has three common channels: present – back, buy – back, and get back. Although China has participated in four international conventions to protect cultural relics, but the return process of the legal issues involved are still hampering the return of our lost heritage. Throughout the studies, we can see that the issue about the loss of cultural relics of China and their return needs further study.
【Key words】Chinese cultural relics; loss; recovery; review; prospect
Zheng Liuqing, Chen Xingzhong,
Identification between Immateriality of Material Cultural Heritage and Materiality of Intangible Cultural Heritage (23)
【Abstract】Cultural heritage is the accumulation of wisdom of human beings. The cultural heritage has both materiality and immateriality: the material cultural heritage and the intangible cultural heritage are interdependent, mutual affected. Recognizing the distinction and links between two types of cultural heritage has the guiding role for the protection of the cultural heritage.
【Key words】material cultural heritage; intangible cultural heritage; authenticity; integrity
Characteristics of Intangible Cultural Heritage Inheritance (28)
【Abstract】The intangible cultural heritage from generation to generation transmission of non – essential nature of the property. The Inheritance of the Intangible Cultural Heritage has five characteristics: heart delegated oral transmission mode of transmission of live vivid patterns, and cultural heritage unique soil, abundant reserves heritage areas, the transmission variation with the times. By exploring these features, it can help people raise awareness of the intangible cultural heritage and their inheritance and the protection.
【Key words】intangible cultural heritage; inheritance; characteristic
Jiangsu Archaeological Society,
Fresh Achievements and New Conceptions of Jiangsu Archaeology Since the Reform and Opening – up (33)
【Abstract】Jiangsu is one of the provinces which initially launched the archaeological programs since the founding of New China. Jiangsu, since the reform and opening up, has carried out hundreds of archaeological projects, obtained a series of great archaeological achievements, acquired breakthrough in research field of great subjects and formed the new conception of combining the Great site conservation and the archaeological excavations organically.
【Key words】Jiangsu archaeology; fresh achievements; new conceptions
Kang Xuhang, Zhou Qun, Qian Renfa, Tang Gengsheng,
Excavation Achievements of the Tombs of Zhongli State in the Spring & Autumn Period (40)
【Abstract】Archaeologists of Anhui province have excavated two pieces of large round shaft tombs at Shangdun, Benbu and Bianzhuang, Fengyang separately in recent years. Both were built in Zhongli State in the Spring and Autumn period with unique shapes, complicated vestiges and plentiful funeral objects, which will provide important materials for the research on the geographical position, history and culture of the ZHongli State, tomb structure and burial convention during the Spring and Autumn period and the regional culture on the middle reaches of the Huaihe River.
【Key words】Bengbu Shuangdun tomb; Fengyang Bianzhuang tomb; Zhongli State
Zhejiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Anji Museum,
A Brief Excavation Report on Tombs of the Spring & Autumn and Warring States Period at Bijiashan, Anji, Zhejiang Province (48)
【Abstract】The tombs at Bijiashan, Anji, Zhejiang Province which are dated in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Period can be classified from the structure. There are a lot of unearthed artifacts. It makes studies on the development periods of tombs from the proto – porcelain and stamped hard potteries as well as the dates of these tombs from the known research dates. It provides new materials for the study of culture transition in Zhejiang during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Period and the burial period of the tombs during the Warring States Period.
【Key words】Anji, Zhejiang Province; Bijiashan; the Spring & Autumn and Warring States Period; mound tomb
Nanjing Municipal Museum, Nanjing Yuhuatai District Bureau,
A Brief Excavation Report of the Eastern Wu Tomb at 30, Yaogang Village, Nanjing (57)
【Abstract】Tomb at 30 Yaogang village, Nanjing is a typical brick tomb in Eastern Wu period. There excavated a lot of fine burial objects which provide valuable materials for studying the grave distribution and the funeral customs of the Six Dynasties.
【Key words】Nanjing; Yaogang village; Eastern Wu period; grave
A Primary Analysis of the Tomb Owner of Eastern Wu at Shangfang Village, Jiangning District, Nanjing (64)
【Abstract】A newly – excavated tomb of the Eastern Wu at Shangfang Village, Jiangning District, Nanjing has aroused a warm discussion about its owner. The excavators confirm the tomb belongs to one King in the reign of Sun Hao. With the help of the analysis of the tomb size, funeral objects, relevant vestiges and historical records, it can be concluded that the owner should be Sun Jun – a powerful minister in the reign of Sun Liang the Junior.
【Key words】Shangfang, Jiangning; Tomb of the Eastern Wu; Sun Jun
On the Role of the Ancient Chinese Bronze Mirror in the State Power at the Early Age of Japan: on the 3 pieces of the Triangular – rimmed Bronze Mirrors with Gods & Beasts Pattern and Decorated Edge Unearthed in Japan (67)
【Abstract】A lot of Chinese ancient bronze mirrors were unearthed from many Japanese ancient graves in Japanese Ancient Graves Period. They were gifts granted by Emperor Ming of Wei Kingdom to the Queen Beimihu of Yamato Kingdom during the period of the Three Kingdoms. These mirrors help and testified the establishment of Japanese Yamato Kingdom monarchy. They also dramatically influenced Japanese triangular – rimmed bronze mirrors with gods and beasts pattern.
【Key words】bronze mirror with decorated edge and gods and beasts pattern; Japan; influence
Some Opinions on Research of the Six Dynasties Culture (72)
【Abstract】The Six Dynasties are always taken as a whole for research because of their consistence and persistence. Nowadays, the research, exploitation and application of the culture in the Six Dynasties are getting more and more attentions, supports and concerns from scholars, government and society respectively. It even arouses disputes for cultural resources among regions. So from a macro point of view, we should clarify relative concepts, specify the time character and culture visage, update recognition and pursue innovation in order to deepen the study of Six Dynasties culture.
【Key words】Six Dynasties; time character; culture visage; existing problems
On the Transcendence of the Famous Scholars in Wei & Jin Dynasties (78)
【Abstract】The elegant scholars during Wei & Jin Dynasties have a profound transcendent performance. It expressed as character of going beyond famous doctrine, secularity and the politics. The transcendence had the appearance of individual freedom. The underlying cause of this phenomenon is the political pressure and the intrinsic motive is the life of these scholars. The culture of Wei & Jin Dynasties started another golden time after the pre – Qin philosophers.
【Key words】famous Wei & Jin scholars; famous doctrine; secularity; politics; transcendence
●New Opinions on Museology
Opinions on Time and Space of Museum (83)
【Abstract】Time and space of museums is a new research subject. First of all, it gives an abstract definition from the contents and characteristics of time and space of museums. Then, it divides such time and space into four patterns, which are time and space of traditional museums, site museums, eco – museums and virtual museums respectively. From a macro point of view, time and space is a meaningful evidence for division of museum type, and it also reflects the links of museums of different types. From a micro point of view, time and space can be regarded as a new cut – in point and a new research perspective on specific issues.
【Key words】museums; time; space
Hu Chui, Zhang Xiaoli,
Modern Technique and the Subjectivity of Museum Staff: on the People’s Role in Digital Museum Construction (88)
【Abstract】The technology and people nelate mutual during the development of technology. It is prone to be mechanical in the process of constructing digital museum. So, the construction of digital museum should be a process of culture creation and the workers of museum should play their own role.
【Key words】modern technology; workers of museum; the main role
●Special Subject: Murals of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom
Wu Zhan, Huang Ling, Zhang Tiebao,
Several Points about Appraising the Frescos of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (91)
【Abstract】A lot of glorious frescos had been created in Taiping Heavenly Kingdom period, but only few of them are well preserved nowadays. Identification of these frescos has been confusing the academia and antiquary and become an obstacle to further research and conservation. With the help of site survey, historical document and synthetic analysis, this paper provides a general rule to identify these frescos. According to the rule, the author detailed inspections of frescos at five sites in Nanjing, Changzhou, Jintan and Yixing, and concluded that the frescos at Yintian Temple were not the works of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
【Key words】Taiping Heavenly Kingdom; identification of frescos; site survey
A Textual Research on the Landscapes of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom at Tangzi Street, Nanjing (98)
【Abstract】The four landscapes of the frescos of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom at No.108, Tangzi street, Nanjing have been interpreted and named. This paper questions the rationality of the present naming convention according to the content and the four spots in the landscapes, make a textual research of these landscapes and points out that the four landscapes originated from the four pieces of ‘Jin ling Si Shi Ba Jing’ (Forty – eight Landscapes in Jinling) in Qianlong – Tongzhi reigns. The author also analyses the purpose of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom landscapes serving military forces and draws a conclusion that the military factor is the choice principle of the four pieces.
【Key words】Taiping Heavenly Kingdom; the frescos at Tangzi Street; Jin Ling Tu Yong; military art
A Primary Discussion on the Su – style Colored Painting in the Mansion of King Zhong of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (104)
【Abstract】More than four – hundred cubic meters of roof – beams and timbers of Su – style colored painting have been preserved in the Mansion of King Zhong of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in Suzhou. The main content of the colored paintings were traditional mascot, meaning auspicious blessing. The numerous colored paintings on wooden components left over from Ming – Qing period were the fine specimen of Su – style colored painting, they were utilized and reformed by Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. The nine frescos were the works of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and reflected the special characteristics. These colored paintings are new treasures for the research of Su – style painting in Ming – Qing and Taiping Heavenly Kingdom period.
【Key words】Suzhou; The Mansion of King Zhong of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom; Su – style colored painting
Mao Xiaoling, Wang Guoxiu,
A Survey of the Murals at Huadu, Hong Xiuquan’s Hometown: A Comparison with the Murals of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (109)
【Abstract】Based on the field survey of the mural of Huadu ancestral temple in the hometown of Hong Xiuquan, the king of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, this paper makes a comparison and analysis on the similarities and differences of subject matter, political role and style characteristic with that of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in the same period. The two works with different styles reflect the cultural inheritance and the spiritual inheritance of the old form of Chinese mural.
【Key words】Huadu; Taiping Heavenly Kingdom; mural
●Remarks on Art in “Ten – Bamboo Study”
Zhou chongyun, Wu Xiaofen,
Zhang Ruocheng: A Painter Who died at his Early Age in Qing Palace (115)
【Abstract】The painting art of Qing palace has an important influence. Zhang Ruocheng, a painter in palace, was appreciated by Emperor Qianlong. His works showed a neat character and were free from vulgarity. Studying his paintings will improve learning the art of Qing palace.
【Key words】Qing Dynasty; painting; art
A Research on the Relationship between the Illustrations and the Portraits in the Ming Dynasty (118)
【Abstract】In the Ming Dynasty, the urban economics and commercial economy of China feudal society developed dramatically. Townspeople stratum came into being and stimulated the development of the popular literature represented by traditional opera and novel. Meanwhile, the illustrations in traditional opera and novel acquired an unprecedented flourish on the basis of the inheritance of the Song and Yuan Dynasties. Ming portraitists, facing the booming publishing and weak portrait, actively created illustrations for books. Both above – mentioned factors established a correlation of close connection and common development.
【Key words】book illustration of Ming Dynasty; portrait; correlation
●New Book Shelf
A Comprehensive Study on Ancient and Modern Civilization of Jiangsu —— Comments on Chinese Cultural Relics Atlas: Jiangsu Fascicle (124)
【Abstract】Based on an overall view of the Chinese Cultural Relics Atlas: Jiangsu Fascicule, the author presents high appraisals and points out that this fascicle is not only a big precise reference book, but also an academic research masterpiece with vivid Jiangsu characteristics.
【Key words】the Chinese Cultural Relics Atlas: Jiangsu Fascicule reference book; academic; Jiangsu feature