“Ethno – archaeology” Recognition under Different Context (6)
【Abstract】This thesis discusses the different characters and orientations of ethno – archaeology under different language context and analyzes their intrinsic factors. The author points out that ethno – archaeology works for archaeology, and different orientations and theoretical interests cause different developing tendency of ethno – archaeology.
【Key words】Ethno – archaeology; Occident; China; Beyond Objects
Yu Jing, Teng Mingyu,
Subsection of Han Dynasties’ Tombs in the Southern Huaihe River within Anhui Province (13)
【Abstract】In this paper, I have arranged the data on the tombs of Anhui province (it point to the north of the Haihe River) from the Western Han to the Northern Han. On the base of the potteries, I divided it into five stages, generalized the different characters of each stage, and explained the correlative items.
【Key words】Anhui province; the Western Han to the Eastern Han; Tombs; Periodization of the Grave Goods
Excavation Report of Jiawangzhuang Village’s Han Dynasty Tombs, Xuzhou City (21)
【Abstract】36 mediums and small – sized tombs were unearthed at Guanzhuang Han Tombs, along with which, many potteries and a bit jade, bronze, metallic wares were also found. These tombs mainly belong to lower class. This excavation has certain importance because of the obvious time characteristic, typical combination of funeral objects and exact timing.
【Key words】Xuzhou; Guanzhuang; Han Tombs
History and Archaeology Dep. Sichuan Uni.,
Excavation Report of Yanzichun Village’s Tombs from Eastern Han to Western Jin Dynasties, Chongqing City (30)
【Abstract】More than 50 pieces of potteries, porcelains, iron tools and coins were unearthed in M11 and M5 of Tianpingqiu cemetery of Yanzi village, Zhanpu town, Fengdu county, Chongqing. Among these artifacts, all kinds of figure images, animal figures and early porcelains bear vivid features of different regions and periods which help us to understand the development of artistic style from East Han dynasty to Shu Han Dynasty and West Jin Dynasty and the characteristics of manufacture and technics of early porcelains.
【Key words】Yanzi village of Fengdu County; Han and Jin Dynasty; Tomb
Ma’ anshan Administration Bureau of Cultural Relics,
Excavation Report of Dujiadun’s Tombs during Early Three Kingdom Period, Ma’anshan City, Anhui Province (37)
【Abstract】Dujiadun Tomb, which was an important tomb of early Three Kingdom Period in Ma’ anshan City, though was badly damaged and found very few funeral objects, its unique pattern and structure was the only one since. To make it more important, this tomb was one of the earliest, most complicated brick tombs among 200 Six Dynasties’ tombs found here. The brick – laid funeral pathway was the rare example of all Six Dynasties tombs. This tomb’s excavation gave important material for the study of the development of tomb structures and customs during Three Kingdom Period from Ma’ Anshan area to the whole Yangtz Delta region.
【Key words】Ma’ Anshan; Dujiadun; Tomb; Early Kingdoms Period.
Archaeology Dep. Nanjing Normal Uni., Chaohu Administration Bureau of Cultural Relics,
Research on Wangqiaodong Buddhism Cliffs in Chaohu City, Anhui Province (41)
【Abstract】This thesis introduces detailedly about Buddha figures, epigraphys in Wangqiaoshan mountain, Chaohu city, Anhui province, deduces when they were made and why they were destroyed, which supplements materials for researching Buddha figures from Southern Dynasties to Song Dynasty in South China.
【Key words】Chaohu Anhui Province; Buddha Figures; Cliff Epigraph
Social Effects of Private School in Han Dynasty (46)
【Abstract】The prosperity of private school education had a profound influence on the society of Han Dynasty. People emigrated from different parts of the country due to private school education. Private education also brought to culture exchange among different regions. As students gathering around teachers’ place, they also speeded up the development of local economy and culture. The educational level of the whole society was improved because of private school education. Private school education built a bridge among different social straitifications, and maintained the social stability.
【Key words】Han Dynasty; Private school education; influence on society
On Boundary System during Pre – Qin Period (50)
【Abstract】By analyzing the literary record regarding pre – Ch’in and the oldest Chinese sources, the early Chinese boundary was given shape during Shang and until Eastern and Western Zhou times, when the canonical and strict boundary administration system was established.
【Key words】Pre – Ch’in; Ritual system; Boundary
●Study on Art
The Origin of Japan’s Folding Screen —— Painting Style of Tang Dynasty’s Influence (54)
【Abstract】The origin of Japan folding screen painting traced back to Tang Dynasty in ancient China. Influenced by China’s painting style, “Tang Hui” came into being later in Japan, which can be demonstrated by literature and paintings themselves. The early period of screen painting mainly imitates, both from theme choose and forms, using traditional Chinese painting style to illustrate Japan’s custom and spirit. However, under China’s influence, the art high peak in Japan appeared soon. Still, Chinese Style can be seen even after a long time.
【Key words】Japan’s Screen Painting; Tang Hui; Yamato Painting
Huang Jianqiu, Xing Xiaofeng,
New Exploration of the Functions of Jade Bi found in Liangzhu Culture (58)
【Abstract】Many scholars have probed into the function of Jade Bi of Liangzhu Culture, which, however, didn’t come to a common consensus. This thesis analyzes the function of Jade bi from its forms and acoustical results.
【Key words】Liangzhu Jade Bi; Function; Acoustics
Comparative Study of Cliff Paintings found on Mt. Helanshan and Mt. Jiangjunya (64)
【Abstract】Through cliff paintings found on Mt. Helanshan and Mt. Jiangjunya’s craftsmanship, themes, times’ comparative study, it can be seen that Mt. Helanshan’s painting produced from Old Stone Age to Bronze Age, reflects nomad lifestyle; while Mt. Jiangjunya’s Painting were depicted in New Stone Age, reflects primordial agriculture and ancient astronomy.
【Key words】Mt. Helanshan; Mt. Jiangjunya; Cliff Painting
Tomb Figures with Jar Head – hold and Child – Born found in Han Dynasty’s Tombs in Chongqing (68)
【Abstract】In the summer, 2007, pottery figurines were unearthed from the tombs of the Eastern Han period in Tiaoshuigou site, Wuyang town, Zhong county, Chongqing. Among them, one figure carrying a pottery jar on his head and the other carrying a child on her back with bandage binding are characteristic in the pottery figures of the Han Period, and discovered in the southwest area of China alone. We can research the custom with a long history in Sichuan Province and Chongqing through those pottery figurines.
【Key words】Chongqing; Zhong county; tombs of Han period; pottery figure
Jinsheng and Auspicious Theme during Jin Dynasties (71)
【Abstract】Weng Zhong, Si Nan and Gang Mao, the three important Yan Sheng – pendant, regarded as talismans, were the personal accouterments prevailed in Han Dynasty. Generally speaking, they were made of jade, rhinoceros horn and ivory. The materials reflected the social position and there into jade was considered noblest. In the Western and Eastern Jin, the tree talismanic baldric were no longer fashionable. Themes with auspicious signification represented by Sheng came into vogue in the court and among common people. Sheng made of gold called gold – Sheng in literature came into being adorned besides jade ones in Jin Dynasty.
【Key words】Gold – Sheng; auspicious themes; beliefs among the people
●Remarks on Art in “Ten – bamboo Study”
On Paper Currency – “Tong Xing Bao Chao” issued in Ming Dynasty Collected in Jiangyin Museum (75)
【Abstract】Jiangyin Museum’s eight paper currency belongs to Ming Dynasty, within which seven were issued by Zhongshusheng, the highest legislative at that time. Those currencies were rare and highly precious because they were difficult to preserve and small publication. The “yi guan chao” issued by Zhongshusheng is the only one and have very important values.
【Key words】Zhongshusheng; Da MingTong Xing Bao Chao; Research
On Blue and White Porcelain in Transitional Period (79)
【Abstract】In 17th century, the blue – and – white porcelain in Jingdezhen, China, underwent a transitional period. The forms, design patterns, glazes display a unique time spirit. This thesis uses the porcelain from Guangdong Museum, investigates the artistic features, aesthetic spirit and the reasons of intrustry development.
【Key words】Late Ming Early Qing; Blue – and – white Porcelain; Art Feature; Social Origin
●Cultural Relics’ Protection
Application of Humidation Treatment Method to Textile Relics (85)
【Abstract】Humidification is a common used technique in textile conservation by increasing the flexibility of the textiles, but it is not used abroad in the country. Humidification can be used for manipulating distortion, separating attached layers of textiles and as the pretreatment of wet cleaning in textile conservation. To have a successful application of humidification, it is important to understand the theory of fiber absorbing humid and the factors affecting the absorbing, to estimate the textile’s condition, problems, working condition, environmental factors and etc, and to choose proper humidification techniques within certain humidification criterions.
【Key words】Textile; Humidification
Xi Sancai, Zhen Dongqing, Zhang Pingrong,
The Protection of Mass Grave Pit in Nanjing Massacre Memorial (88)
【Abstract】From 2004 to the end of 2007, after the National Development and Reform Commission approved, the memorial hall of the victims in Nanjing massacre by Japanese invaders has carried on the reconstruction and the extension. In the process of capital construction, in order to ensure “the mass grave” remains of the site’s security, Nanjing Museum has carried on temporary conservation processing. After the completion of capital construction, has carried on whole restoration conservation processing. This paper mainly introduced the conservation technical process of “the mass grave” remains of the site.
【Key words】”the mass grave”; Remains of the site; conservation
Zhen Biyong, Yang Xinhua, Jiang Jirong,
Quakeproof Safeguard in Xiamafang (91)
【Abstract】This thesis bases on the quakeproof safeguard used by Xiamafang, illustrates the protection viewpoint, method and effects, for similar projects’ reference.
【Key words】Lithoid Relic; Demolishing Vibration; Vibration Speed Control