Research on Flooding and Dry Changjiang River at Three Gorges in Prehistoric Times (6)
【Abstract】From the analysis of the locations and altitude occupied by ancient people along Changjiang River at Three-Gorge Area and especially from the fill-up after flood found at site and contents found in it, we can get a rough timeline and water level by which can be used to provide scientific evidence for taming and developing Changjiang River.
【Key words】Ancient Times; Three Gorges; Changjiang Flood; Dry Water level; Alluvium; Height Altitude above Sea Level
On Graveyard of Nobles in Eastern Zhou Dynasty at Wu State Terrority (14)
【Abstract】The consecutive findings of Wu, Chu and Yue noblemen’s tombs at Wu State terrority has gained great interest in the academia. As regards to the tombs’ exact time and their origin is still a great mystery. After research both on material findings and literacy, the paper concludes that Zhenshan Tomb belongs to a nobleman of Wu State, Tomb of Hongshan Noble falls into middle Warring States period instead in the early stage of it.
【Key words】Wu State Terrority; Zhenshan Tomb of Wu; Hongshan Tomb of Yue; Xiaozhenshan Graveyard of Chu
Auspicial Lacquer Plate Unearthed in Western Han Tomb at Yizheng, Jiangsu (19)
【Abstract】Liujilianying Yizheng is an important Early Han cemetery. It can concluded that its was an burial site for the middle and high – ranking officials of Jiangdu and Guangling Manors. That auspicial lacquer plate found at Tomb No.10 was the first of its kind and had great importance for the study of ancient astrology, Yin Yang and Fengshui.
【Key words】Lianying Yizheng; Western Han Tomb; Auspicial Lacquer Plate
Xiaoxian Museum, Bureau for Culture Relics’ Management of Xiaoxian,
Brief Report on Han Tombs at Mt.Xihushan, Anhui (23)
【Abstract】Three tombs with stone coffin belong to Western Han Dynasty were found in Mt. Xihushan Kiln site, along with which a large amount of painted pottery were unearthed as well. Among the three tombs, Han stone relief was discovered in tomb No.3 making it the first case ever found in the Northern part of Anhui Province. The excavation unveiled the mask of tomb with stone coffin in this area while provided important research material.
【Key words】Xiaoxian; Xihushan; Western Han Tomb; Tomb with Stone Coffin ; Stone Relief
Bureau for Culture Relics’ Management of Ma’anshan,
Excavation Report on Zhuran Clan Tombs at Ma’anshan, Anhui (34)
【Abstract】The clan tomb of Zhuran family belonged to Eastern Wu Period was another important tomb to be found in Ma’anshan and the first one with stone door placed inside Fengmen Wall in this area. There were a set of precious Celadon funerary and practical objects, one of which was a beautifully-sculpted celadon sheep. The owner of tomb, after comparing with other ones and consulting literature, obviously was Zhu Ji, the son of Zhuaran. Its discovery has great significance for further study.
【Key words】Ma’anshan; Zhuran Tomb; Eastern Wu Period; Zhu Ji
GE Wei, Jin Zhengyao,
Application of Immunology on Technology Archaeology (41)
【Abstract】Through the application of immunological techniques, blood from different animals can be identified to the taxonomic level of family even species. The identification of blood residues on ancient artifacts can be helpful in the study of stone tool use, faunal analysis and dietary Analysis. In this review, we introduced the basic theory and method of the application of immunology in archaeology, summarized the work done by foreign researchers, and discussed some related problems.
【Key words】immunology; blood residues; biological archaeology
Academic Influence of Official Enrollment System during Wei, Jin Period (45)
【Abstract】Waiting-for Appointment System has a long evolvement in ancient China. It has two important characters during Wei, Jin, South and North Dynasty comparing to that in Qin and Han Dynasties: firstly, those waiting for appointment are officials in fact, and it has a profound significance on their official career; Secondly, most of them are scholars, and their activities are inclined to technicality, and have important cultural significance. So waiting-for Appointment System has a profound influence to learning and culture of this period.
【Key words】Wei, Jin, South and North Dynasty; Waiting-for Appointment; selection and designation system
Formation of Burgher Class during Late Period of Tang Dynasty (49)
【Abstract】In the late period of Tang Dynasty, the development of marking economy, the opening-up of cities, the increasing population of industry and commerce, and the mundanization of townspeople, eventually led to the formation of burgher class.
【Key words】Mundanization; Burgher Class; Late Period of Tang Dynasty
●Cultrue and History
Yuan Hongjun, Gao Hong,
Ecology Ideal in Pre-Qin Period (56)
【Abstract】The XianQin period has produced more abundant ecological awareness. “Book of Changes”, Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi, Confucius and Mencius, Xun Zi, such as tubes. A correct understanding of these ecological awareness of our ecological practice today will be a positive reference.
【Key words】XianQin; Ecological concept; Ecological Consciousness
Xuntse’ Ideology and Its Inspiration (61)
【Abstract】Xunzi had been born to the tumultuous times, held the human nature wicked idea. And he formed idea of emphasis on etiquette and law, about moral and the material relations idea, as well as the etiquette and the music idea. Those had all unfolded his autonomy from the different angle with the social morals enlightenment thought, its main method performance for etiquette and music unification, moral and the material relations unification, fostered moral character by law.
【Key words】Xunzi; human nature wicked; social morals enlightenment; ways; methodology sense
Relique and Succession of Military Dance from Ba People—On the Origin of Roulianxiang Dance in the West of Hubei Province (67)
【Abstract】Roulianxiang is in close relation with Buddhist. This folk-dance of Tujia Minority bears the reliques of Ba martial-Dance, absorbs the rhythms of DalianXiang, and receives the postures of Nishendao and the tunes of Lianhualuo, embodying the features with the multi-source and inheritation and having very high value for cultural research. Therefore, it certainly becomes the importantly protected project of intangible cultural-legacy in the south minority area of China.
【Key words】Roulianxiang; Ba Martial-Dance; Dalianxiang; Nishendao; Lianhualuo; Patting-chest Dance; Buddhist; Evolvement
Comparative Study of Chinese Temple Fair and Western Carnival (73)
【Abstract】The traditional Temple Fair was gradually evolved from old-time sacrifice ceremony of ancestral temple for thousand of years. It was wildly spread in ancient China, a true living folk custom, and was called “Chinese people’s own Carnival”. But it sank deep as the modern China changed. This paper’s research on both Chinese Temple Fair and Western Carnival shed some light on the survive and direction for Temple Fair.
【Key words】Temple Fair; Carnival; Folk Culture
Interpretation of “□”Carved Sign Found in Beng bu Shuangdun Site (77)
【Abstract】Primary on the introduction of “□” carved signs found in Shuangdun Site, Anhui Province, this paper nevertheless suggests that “□” not only possess fishing function, but also relative to ancient calendar.
【Key words】Beng bu Shuangdun Site; “□” Carved Sign
Recognition on Stone Shrine and Stone Relif Found in Huaibei (80)
【Abstract】Through analyzing the shapes, contents and sculptures of four Han Dynasty stone relieves, the title considers that they are relief stone sculpture of Eastern Han Dynasty used for rituals. According to their shapes and measures, we change them back into house style building with one room and a flat roof. They fill the gap of Han Dynasty stone relief used for rituals of Huai Bei City, and provide a basis for learning similar Han Dynasty stone relief. And it is consistent with Xin Lixiang’s view of Han Dynasty stone relief used for rituals.
【Key words】Huai Bei; stone sculpture; stone rituals
●Remarks on Art in “Ten-bamboo Study”
Study on Murals from Han Tombs at Xi’an Polytechnic University (84)
【Abstract】From the study of costume style and color and hairstyles painted on the wall of Xi’an Polytechnic University, the hat which represented a person’s social status was not often wore in ordinary life. Instead, a piece of cloth, even simply wore hair up was quiet regular. Gown, jacket made up for the upper coat and blue, red, pale gray were primary. Large pants went with upper coat, white seemed common. There can be seen no difference between sex. Men’s hairstyle were quiet simple, round or flat hair buns, while high buns were popular among women, some hairpins with pendants into it.
【Key words】Western Han Dynasty; Costume; Color; Hairstyle
Poetry Anthology of Early Tang Period and Zhu’s Regular Scripts (88)
【Abstract】This paper extends the debates on the masterpiece of regular script by Zhu Yun Ming, from the perspective of calligraphy origin, art style and character, which is now collected by the Museum of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
【Key words】Zhu Yun-ming; standard script; Chu Tang Shi Juan; Tang Song Si JIa Wen
●Cultural Relics’ Protection
Probe into Decision-making Mechanism on the Protection and Utilization of World Heritage (93)
【Abstract】The heritage project achieved great development in the recent ten years. However, problems became apparent as well one of the reason was the mis-judgement. In order to avoid the lost caused by misjudgement, a sound and scientific decision-making mechanism should be setup soon to enforce the ideal of “Protection First, Recycling Use Forever”.
【Key words】World Heritage Protection; Misjudgement; Decision-making Mechanism