A Large-scale memorial architectures from Warring States period to Qin and Han Dynasties found in Sichuan Province
The memorial architectures of Han Dynasty in Qu County and City wall site in Chengba village are very important archaeological discoveries from late Warring States Period to Qin and Han Dynasties in Sichuan area. There are 7 memorial architectures of Han Dynasty at 6 locations, while a large number of remaining parts of memorial architectures and several stone images in front of a grave are remained, which is an essential part to the cemetery for the Han Dynasty in Qu County. In order to find out the layout of the cemetery, in 2012 Sichuan Provincial Institute of Archaeology and Cultural Relics prospected for the existing memorial architectures of Han Dynasty and gained great achievement, through which the relationship of funerary tower, secret way and tombs are clear. Meanwhile, in August 2012, they investigated surrounding area of Qingshen town, Qu County, in which stone human statue found, producing copious remaining parts of funerary tower, providing important materials for studying the lithoglyph in front of grave.
Top view of Guojiatai city-site
The Chengba site is the largest Ba cultural remains found in Eastern Sichuan Province at present. It possessed rich culture, and lasted for a relatively long time, and its splendid bronze culture appeared as early as Warring States Period, which stands for the late Ba culture in Eastern Sichuan Province. From 1980, a group of bronze wares were excavated in this site, which showed great similarity with the ones found in Xiaotianxi Cemetery in Fuling, suggesting the direct relationship with the Ba nobility living from the late Warring Period to Early Western Han. In 2012, Sichuan Provincical Institution of Cultural Relics and Archaeology found and confirmed Guojiatai city site within the range of this site, providing important clue to further the study of early civilization in Eastern Sichuan Province. The culture of the city wall site shows great diversity, including ancient city remains, cemeteries from late Warring States Period to Western Han Dynasty, a group of brick-chambered tombs of Eastern Han, House foundations, ash pits and well of Han Dynasty. Until now, only 300 square meters has been excavated in Chengba site, comparing to the total size of 12,000,000 square meters, lots of problems remained unsolved.
percussion instrument from Chengba site
ornament of chariot and harness from Chengba site
To report this important archaeological discovery of memorial architectures of Han Dynasty in Qu County and City wall site in Chengba village to the archaeological and historical academic field, and to discuss the present result and make suggestion to the future work, “Proseminar on History and Archaeology of Qin and Han Dynasty” was held by Sichuan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and People’s Government of County Qu from June 2 to 4, 2013. Over 20 archaeological experts were present. They are from Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Archaeology, Press of China Cultural Relics News, National Museum of China, Peking University, Renmin University of China, Shanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, Hunan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Northwest University, Sichuan University, Science and Technology department of Hong Kong University, Museum of Western Han Tombs at Dabaotai Beijing, Wuhou Shrine Museum of Chengdu, Florida University and Guangming Daily.
tile-end from Chengba site
brick with moulded design from Chengba site
bronze dagger-axe from Chengba site
bronze jar from Chengba site
The memorial architectures of Han Dynasty in Qu County and city wall site in Chengba village are the most essential cultural remains in Eastern Sichuan Province, playing an important role on discussing the Ba culture along Jialing River. From their own perspective and study field, the experts further discussed the memorial architectures of Han Dynasty in Qu County and city wall site, offering precious suggestions for the future. (Translator: Lang Langtian)