Myanmar archaeologists have made a big step towards excavating ancient cultural heritage, presenting their findings of historical evidences at paper reading sessions occasionally. The Myanmar experts have made the excavation on ancient cities, palaces and walls, gathering historical objects, stone inscriptions, palm-leaf and parabeik manuscripts and renovating religious monuments.
Out of field trips to various regions of the country and conducting research on cultural heritage, the experts claimed that they have found so many firm evidences that the middle stone age flourished in central Myanmar.
The research work is in progress after finding cultural evidences of bronze and iron ages in Meiktila and Yamethin regions.
In excavating the ancient Pinle city in Myittha township of Kyaukse district, the experts claimed that they found artifacts and saw brick works similar to that of ancient Beikthanoe and Srikestra cities. In July, Myanmar held a paper reading session on archaeological evidences, aimed at enhancing research work with the sector.
The research paper reading session in Nay Pyi Taw, organized by the Ministry of Culture, involved resources persons from Myanmar Historical Mission, National Culture and Fine Arts Universities in Yangon and Mandalay, Archaeology, National Museum and Library Department as well as a foreign academician.
In 2009, Myanmar found some more evidences on both Bronze Age and Iron Age after excavating areas in Thazi township, central Mandalay division, proving that Myanmar passed through both Bronze Age and Iron Age in the ancient time.
The Myanmar ministry, in cooperation with the CNRC of France, excavated the areas around Ywagongyi village in the township for 20 days from 20 days in January 2009, finding out the site where 44 bodies were buried along with two small bundles of bronze sheets, two iron objects, 14 stone beads of different colors, a fine stone weapon, two small earth-baked objects deemed to be round shuttles, and different earthen objects.
Of the fossilized bodies, two are complete sets and 20 fossils are assumed to be at middle age, 10 at early age, one at infant age and one shows over 40, the pelvis of which was badly damaged.
"The iron objects are excavated the same as that of Bronze Age and Iron Age found in Pyawbwe and Thazi townships. The two earth- baked objects are also called earth-baked beads which were excavated in large number especially in city states", according to then report which said that five of the bodies were thought to be buried inside coffins of Bronze Age and Iron Age, which were found in Pyawbwe and Yamethin townships.
According to the archaeologists, the findings indicate the existence of the late Stone Age and Iron Age in the area and they do not reveal literature, writing and religious evidences.
In June 2008, ancient artifacts on Bronze Age and Iron Age were also excavated in Kanthitgon village in the same Thazi township, proving the same transition of ages.
Foreign archaeologists once considered that in the early history, Myanmar was transferred from Stone Age into the Iron Age without flourishing of Bronze culture.
The thesis was proved wrong when many artifacts were excavated later in such regions as Nyaungkan, Myin-U Hle, Hnawkan and Kukkokha that provided evidences of bronze culture in the country which was further supported by the artifacts found in Kanthitgon village.
The 2008 archaeological research was carried out in eight different places simultaneously and among the ancient objects found in Kanthitgon village were nine complete bodies along with some incomplete sets of bodies of all ages, child, middle age and old age. The bodies were buried together with bronze and iron weapons.
The artifacts of the Bronze Age found in the village also included bronze arrow heads, spears, wire bundles, cups, floral works, stone beads, bone beads, different sizes of pots and plates and iron spears.
Myanmar media described the cultural heritage as the nation's pride, calling for preserving it left by forefathers.