中文版  
 
Home
News
International exchange
Research
Database
Publication
Museum
Forum
About IA CASS
 
News History
History New discoveries
History Academic activities

Introduction
Administration
Academic departments
Archaeologists
Graduate education
Research center of Ancient Civilization
Conservation and research center of cultural heritage
MORE
Resource & Links
Universities
Museums
Digital museums
Research institutes
Other resources
Archaeological web sites in the world
MORE
HomeNews HistoryHistory Academic activities
Archaeologists find earliest domestication of chickens in China
From:Xinhua News  Writer:  Date:2011-10-18

 

Chickens began being domesticated in China about 8,000 years ago, far earlier than in the rest of the world,according to a recent study on fossils uncovered in north China's Hebei Province.

Archaeologists said they had unearthed 116 fossil specimens from 23 types of animals, including pig, dog, chicken, tortoise, fish, and clam, at the Cishan Site, a Neolithic village relic in the city of Wu'an.

Several bone fragments were identified to be from domesticated chickens, said Qiao Dengyun, head of the Handan Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology.

"The chicken bones found at Cishan are slightly larger than wild jungle fowls, but smaller than that of a modern domesticated chicken," said Qiao.

Qiao said the bone fossils date back to 6,000 BC, earlier than the oldest domesticated chicken previously discovered in India that dated back 4,000 years.

"Most of the bones were from cocks, indicating that ancient residents used the practice of killing cocks for their meat and raising hens for their eggs," said Qiao.

The Cishan Site, which dates back 10,000 years, was first discovered in the 1970s. At the site, experts have found remnants of China's oldest cultivated millet as well as walnut shells, a discovery that challenged the popular belief that walnuts had been brought to China from what is now Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Central Asia.

 

 
Resource & Links | FAQ | About us | Contact us
Copyright 2007 The Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (IA CASS), P.R.China. All Rights Reserved
E-mail: archaeology@cass.org.cn
TEL:86-10-85115250 FAX: 86-10-65135532