Northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is displaying the latest results on the protection of local cultural relics in its museum.
It's the first large-scale exhibition of Xinjiang relics and archives since the founding of New China in 1949.
The ancient archives and relics amount to 106 pieces in the exhibition at the Xinjiang Museum. they come from the National Library of China, the local Library, and other museums.
The archives, half of which are the only extant copies, are found in twenty-four local languages.
Zhou Heping, director of National Library of China, said, "The archives offer living proof of the history of Xinjiang as a place in which multiple ethnic groups inhabit."
|The ancient archives and relics amount to 106 pieces in the|
exhibition at the Xinjiang Museum.
The exhibits, ranging from bamboo slips in the Eastern Han Dynasty, to scriptures in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, covers a time span of over two thousand years. The archives recount the central government's administration of the region and the ethnic exchange between Uygur and Han.
The exhibition has raised a critical issue. Very few people can actually read and protect these archives of rare languages, many of which are out of use, such as Chagatai, the ancient Uygur language.
Chen Jianping, director of Library of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, said, "We have recruited a postgraduate recently, who is the only one who understands the Chagatai language. A few of us only know a smattering."
Guliayimu is the postgraduate newly recruited. Graduating from the Xinjiang University with a major in Chagatai, she said that the language is not only hard to learn, but is applicable to few professions. Only two or three people will take up this major in her department, and even fewer could find a suitable job.
Altogether 400,000 volumes of archives have been registered in Xinjiang, among which 30,000 belong to local ethnic groups. The scarcity of professional talents is an impeding issue one can hardly ignore.
Measures have been taken up to tackle the problem. An initial draft of a coaching plan is in the pipeline. It's hoped that a talent pool will be set up in the long run to provide expertise in all aspects of relic protection.