The symposium on “Art, Rite and Religion: Material Culture and Spiritual Beliefs”, organized by the College of Letters and Culture Heritage, Tainan National University of the Arts, was hold in this university on 13th November 2009. It gathered more than 30 scholars from universities and institutes of Mainland China, Taiwan, America, Japan, Germany, etc. The archaeological issue was “Ancient Chinese Art and Primitive Beliefs”. Attended scholars from Mainland China included He Nu and Ye Maolin from Institute of Archaeology, CASS, Zhang Min from Department of Archaeology, Nanjing Museum, Luan Fengshi from Department of Archaeology, Shandong University, Li Yongxian from Department of Archaeology, Sichuan University, etc. There were also other scholars like Huang Cuimei from College of Letters and Culture Heritage, Tainan National University of the Arts, Li Kuangti and Chen Guangzu from Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, Qiu Zihui from Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois, and Lin Jialin from the Art History and Anthropology Department, the Center for International Studies，University of Pittsburgh, USA. Other issues the symposium covered also included the Chinese and Japanese Buddhist art, christianism art, etc.
The papers relating to archaeology presented on the symposium are mainly listed as following:
Lin Jialin, Art, Death and Interpretation of Grave Remains;
Luan Fengshi, A Tentative Study on Octagram Pattern in Prehistoric Culture in China;
He Nu, An Analysis of the Primitive Religion in Taosi Culture and its Characteristics: Artifacts from Taosi Culture and Primitive Religion;
Qiu Zihui, Understanding Tree Deity Worship from the Archaeological Remains;
Zhang Min, A Preliminary Study on the Prehistoric Double Sacrificial Altars in Qiuchengdun site: Also on the Jade Cong and Bi in Liangzhu Culture;
Ye Maolin, Prehistoric Jade and Primitive Beliefs: A Preliminary Observation and Study on some Phenomena of Jade Ware in Qijia Culture; Huang Cuimei, Revisit Evolution of Forms and Roles of Jade Cong in Late Neolithic China.
Other conference papers include: Spreading and Belief of Buddha’s Footprint (Li Jingjie), Amitabha Statue in Northern Dynasties (Xie Zhenfa), Some Questions on the Biography and Former Lives of the Buddha as Depicted in Yungang Grotto (Pan Liangwen), Maitreya Belief and the half-lotus sitting position: Tracing the Origin of Japanese images of half-lotus sitting position (Wang Yun), Figure Paintings of Zen Sect: Chinsou and Relating Questions (FUKUSHIMA Tsunenori), Paintings of Amitabha Paradise in Japan and Paradise Paintings in Dunhuang (DONOHAXI Akio), etc.
After the symposium, He Nu, Ye Maolin and Zhang Min were invited to Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan and Taipei's National Palace Museum to give lectures and conduct academic exchanges. Furthermore, They also visited the archaeological workstation and exhibition of their field work in southern Tainan, conducted by Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica of Taiwan, cooperating with construction of the science and industry park. (Translated by Tong Tao)