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HomePublicationJournalsZhongyuanwenwu (Cultural Relics of Central Plains)
Culture Relics of Central China 2013-1
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2013-05-14

Zhengzhou Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, An Excavation of a Mural Tomb of Northern Song Dynasty at Huang
gangsi,Zhengzhou City  ................................................     (4)
    Abstract: In March 2010, Zhengzhou Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology excavated a tomb of Northern Song Dynasty at the construction site of south-to-north water diversion, Huanggangsi county , Erqi district, Zhengzhou city. The mural painting tomb was a circular brick chamber structure, and consisted of tomb passage, grave corridor, grave door and coffin chamber. Two epitaphs of Jia Zhengzhi and his wife were unearthed form the tomb, which was important material to research the history and calligraphy of the Song Dynasty.
    Key words:  the Northern Song; mural painting tomb; epitaph; Jia Zhengzhi

Jiyuan Municipal Working Team of Cultural Relics,
An Excavation of a Mural Tomb of Ming Dynasty at East Street, jiyuan
City........................................................................     (10)
    Abstract: In January 2012, a mural painting tomb of the 41th year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty was found at construction site of International Garden, east street, Jiyuan city, three coffins and some bricks with inscription on them were excavated from this tomb. Especially the mural painting on the walls of the tomb was preserved perfectly, which provided precious material to research art of painting, evolution of costumes, study objects and furnitures, architectural ornament, musical instrument and dance, funeral customs, ect. of the Ming Dynasty.
    Key words:  Jiyuan city; Ming Dynasty; mural painting tomb; character

Song Yanhua,
On the Stringing and Tying Fashions of Perforated Ornaments Found at
Shizitan Site    ............................................................     (17)
    Abstract; Because the ornaments of the Paleolithic period were found rarely and scattered randomly, the research on the ornaments of Paleolithic period mainly focused on the manufacture of earlier stage, but the way of ornaments string and tying was seldom involved, which was the new field on researching the ornaments of Paleolithic period at present. A total of 30 perforated ornaments were found in different localities of Shizitan site. Four kinds of stringing fashions are distinguished as one string in one hole, one string in two holes, two strings in one hole and several strings in one hole. These fashions are continuously or interactively applied to ornaments which were worn as beads or pendants. The recovery of stringing fashion of ornaments provided important information for researching the technological process of ornament - making in Paleolithic period.
    Key words:  the Paleolithic period; Shizitan site; ornament; string fashion

Liu Junnan,
On the Northward Spread of Shijiahe Culture and the Influence on the
Central and Western Areas of Henan Province .....................     (23)
    Abstract; The time of Qujialing culture, Shijiahe culture, Post - Shijiahe culture was respectively 3600 ~ 2800B. C, 3000 ~ 2300B. C, 2400 ~ 1900B. C. The culture of Qujialing once had leaded the surrounding culture for hundreds of years, afterwards Shijiahe culture spread northward to Haojiatai area of Luohe, Henan province , which had great influence on the third period of Wangwan culture. Post - Shijiahe culture was most come from Shijiahe culture and made the third period of Wangwan culture tend to be identical gradually. Erlitou culture was formed on the basis of the end of the third period of Wangwan culture, whose ultimate origin should be in the middle reach area of Yangtz. After Eerlitou culture came into being in the middle and west areas of Henan province,  it returned and spread southward to the culture area of middle reach of Yangtze.
     Key words:  Shijiahe culture; Post - Shijiahe culture; the third period of Wangwan culture; Erlitou culture

Da Haobo,
On the Influence of Ecological Environment of the Middle and Lower
Reaches of Yangtze River on the Pottery Made in the Neolithic Age
...............................................................................     (41)
    Abstract: This article tries to find out the regional differences of potteries and analyzes the reason for the differences by contrasting the characteristic of potteries such as quality, pattern and decoration, etc. unexcavated form difference regional sites. We can conclude the distribution of pottery clay, the texture of soil, the factors of environment and topography and etc. have certain effects on the choosing the pottery clay, the technology of manufacturing, the craft of styling and decorating and so on.
    Key words:  middle reach of Yangtze, Neolithic Age; ecological environment; making pottery

Zhu Lei,
On the Tomb No. 45 form the Visual Angle of Religion   .........     (47)
    Abstract: The Xishuipo No. 45 tomb, which has a history of about 6000 years, was excavated in Puyang city, Henan province. There were a dragon, a tiger and Big Dipper patterns formed with clamshells which were found in this tomb and regarded indicating the astrology. But why did the ancient display astrology in tomb? Because the religious function of burial is to help the deceased achieve the ultimate concern, the meaning of the astrology here was not only to indicate the destination of the deceased but also hope the gods of dragon, tiger and the Big Dipper take the deceased go to heaven. The other three dead persons in the tomb were the sacrifices offering the gods of dragon, tiger and Big Dipper.
    Key words:   Big Dipper, Xishuipo, sacrificing human, going to heaven, ultimate concern

Zhang Hai,
The Relationship between the Forming of the Central Plains Area Early
Country and Prehistoric Bronze Metallurgy  ........................     (53)
    Abstract: The Central Plains of China had gone through its unique trajectory towards the prehistoric complex society as what happened in the same time of mid & lower of Yellow River, mid & lower of Yangtze River and west of Liao River. However, the growth of elite groups in Central Plains of China was greatly restricted due to the lack of raw materials and corresponding technologies for the craft making of luxuries. The emergence of bronze vessels and bronze making technologies has fulfilled this demand as an agency to promote the development of Central Plains into the stage of early state level society. In fact, the local Neolithic accumulations both in culture and techniques had established the bases for the introduction of bronze metallurgy into local society quickly. Therefore the emergence of bronze metallurgy in Erlitou culture could be viewed as both the impact of interactions between East and West and the inherence demand for the social development of the Central Plains.
    Key words:   bronze metallurgy; Central Plains of China; early state; origin of civilization

Niu Qingbo,
The Supplement Explanation on the Symbol Carved Excavated from
Kuahuqiao Site   .........................................................     (62)
    Abstract: The carved symbols excavated from Kuahuqiao site in Zhengjiang province should be the earliest divinatory symbol by far we have seen, which have important significance for us to explore the origin of civilization and characters. On the basis of other scholars' studies, we present different point of view about these carved symbols.
    Key words:   Kuahuqiao; carved symbols; supplemental explanation; the origin of civilization

Shi Xiaoting,
On the Using of Dagger Ge in the Shang and Zhou Dynasties .....     (64)
    Abstract; In Shang and Zhou periods, the dagger Ge was multifunctional, but the mostly used method was Ji (attack with transverse forces). Weapon deployment for single soldier with Ge - dagger had the following various methods at the time; Ge - dagger, Ge - dagger and shield, Ge - dagger and sword, Ge - dagger and sword and shield etc. , but Ge - dagger and spear were the dominant, and they were deployed not only by infantry, but also by Chariot soldiers.
    Key words;   Ge - dagger;   Shang and Zhou Dynasties

Li Jinyu,
Study on the Ancient Bamboo Slips of the Pre-Qin Period with the History
of Ecological Condition ................................................     (69)
    Abstract: There are many records about ecological environment on the inscribed bamboo slips unearthed of the Pre - Qin period, which have important academic values to research the ecological environment and its protection of the Pre - Qin period. The records about ancient ecological environment and its protection on the inscribed bamboo slips not only reflected the height of the ancients exploring the order of nature reached, but also embodied the level of the ancients cognizing the relationship between human being and nature. Can we systematically and intensively research the contents implicated by the inscribed bamboo slips, the study on the history of ecological environment must be promoted and perfected.
    Key words :  the Pre - Qin period; inscribed bamboo slips; ecological environment; research

Helian Yufang,
Analysis on the Door Lintel of Relief Stone Sculpture of Han from Xu
chang .....................................................................     (74)
    Abstract; Xuchang was once the capital of the Wei Dynasty, from there a large number of relief stone sculptures of Han which had strong local characteristics were excavated. The pictures on the door lintel of relief stone sculpture of Han were symmetry and balanced, simple and straightforward, the decoration techniques most adopted low relief. The picture mainly showed the scenes of social life of the Han Dynasty and the spiritual ideas of becoming immortals and blessing and protecting descendants.
    Key words;  relief stone sculpture of Han; door lintel; Xuchang; Eastern Han dynasty

Mao Yangguang,
On Liu Xian Epitaph of Tang Dynasty Excavated Recently ......     (81)
    Abstract : The epitaphs of Liu Xian and his wife Madam Lu detailed record the related information; extraction , imperial examination, marriage etc. of Liu Xian and especially the political activities in the empress Wu and emperor Zhongzong periods, describe the image of scholar - bureaucrat with noble character, exceptional literary talent and sense of justice. The epitaphs have the important historical values and can fill up the deficiency of the recording on the Liu Xian of two Tang Books. Cen Xi the author of Liu Xian epitaph was well - known officer and literary man in empress Wu and emperor Zhongzong periods.
    Key words:  the Tang Dynasty; Liu Xian; epitaph

Xin Yingjun,
On the Epitaph of Jia Zhengzhi and His Wife Cai Excavated form Huang
gangsi, Zhengzhou City ................................................     (89)
    Abstract: The epitaphs of Jia Zhengzhi and his wife Madam Cai keep a detailed record about their lifetimes , official positions and some historical events, which present important material dates to research the society , politics, economy, culture, marriage, official position and art of calligraphy etc. of the end of Song Dynasty.
    Key words;  Jia Zhengzhi; Madam Cai; epitaph; Fan Chuncui; Chen Tian

Lv Ning,
On the Factor of People in the Cultural Heritage Protection ......     (92)
    Abstract: As long as the development of cultural heritage conservation, intangible heritage has got the e-qual importance with tangible cultural heritage. People, considered as connection between the two kinds, also inheritors of intangible heritage and founders of heritage palace spirit, play a more important role in cultural heritage conservation. With analyzing some conservation cases, the article based on the cognitive changes pointed out we should incorporated people into the evaluation system because of the important value of people.
    Key words:   spirit of heritage place;   constructor;   people; conservation

Zhao Fengjie,
On the Technique of Bronze Vessel Excavated form Batatai Tomb at Qu
jing Yunnan...............................................................     (99)
    Abstract :For studying of metal manufacturing technology of the Bronze Age in the eastern Yunnan Province , this paper presents the results of a preliminary examination of 24 samples from Batatai site, which have been examined by using Metallographic Microscopy and SEM - EDS. The results show that Cu - Sn alloy had been always used as main material of bronzes from the early Spring and Autumn period to the later period of the Western Han Dynasty, the alloy composition technology gradually became mature. In the late Western Han Dynasty, Cu - Sn - Pb alloy had been used as raw materials for copper objects, and few copper objects were decorated with techniques of fire gilding or hot tinning.
    Keyword:   archaeometallurgy; Eastern Yunnan; Dian Culture; Yelang Culture; Batatai

 

 
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