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HomePublicationJournalsWenwu (Cultural Relics)
wenwu 2005-2
From:  Writer:  Date:2005-04-30

                

                  MAIN CONTENTS

The Institute of Archaeology of Gansu Province
     The Lixian Museum
     Excavation of the Qin Tombs of the Spring and Autumn
     Period at Yuandingshan,Lixian,Gansu
     ………………………………………………………(4)
Li Xueqin
     Newly Restored Oracle Inscription and Royal Genealogy
     of The Shang
    ……………………………………………………(62)
    Cao Jinyan
     Some Notes on the Inscription on the Sword of the Son
     of the King Shou Meng of the Wu State
    ……………………………………………………(67)
    Zhao Feng
     The dashan and xiapei(robe and ribbon of rank for
     noblewomen)
……………………………………………………(75)


Abstract
Excavation of the Qin Tombs of the Spring and Autumn Period at Yuandingshan, Lixian, Gansu

The Institute of Archaeology of Gansu Provicne
The Lixian Museum

Located at Zhaoping Village, 13 km to the east of the county seat of Lixian, and just opposite the graveyard of the Duke of Qin across a river, the tomb underwent the second rescue excavation following a robbery in May of 2000. The first rescue excavation took place in 1998, also after its visit by robbers.
The tombs (98LDM2 and 2000LDM4) lie in the west of the graveyard at Yuandingshan. About 20 m from each other, both tombs have a vertical earthen shaft of a rectangular plan with rounded corners. The first tomb contains a coffin within a coffin chamber, seven human victims and one dog. The 102 pieces or groups of funerary objects unearthed include bronze, pottery, jade and stone. The second tomb was badly disturbed, and nothing can be known about tomb furniture and human victims. The uncovered funerary objects are divided into two categories: bronze and jade. The first category includes tripod, gui-vessel, hu-base (square and round), pan-basin, fu-vessel, yi-water container and he-wine vessel. Many of them are beautifully decorated.
Chronologically, the graveyard belongs to the early Spring and Autumn period. The owners of the both tombs were male noblemen. Judging by its affinity with the graveyard of the Duke of Qin on the other side of the river, the cemetery was also an aristocratic one of the Qin State.


Newly Restored Oracle Inscription and Royal Genealogy of The Shang

Li Xueqin

The inscription newly restored from oracle bones (coded 4050 of Xiaotun Nandi Jiagu and 244 of Xiaotun Nandi Jiagu Buyi) is identical with that on the bone coded 32348 of Jiaguwen Heji. According to comparative research on it, the royal genealogy given in “Yinbenji” of Shiji seems more reliable as was believed before. “父乙” in the inscription can be nobody but 小乙, and the oracle inscriptions of the li-group belong to the reign period of Wuding and Zugeng.       


Some Notes on the Inscription on the Sword of the Son of
the King Shou Meng of the Wu State

Cao Jinyan
A bronze sword of the Spring and Autumn Period unearthed in Shaoxing, Zhejiang in 1997 carries an inscription of 40 characters, the longest among the bronze sword inscriptions ever reported. According to the inscription, the owner of the sword is She Ji the son of Shou Meng the king of the Wu, who himself succeeded to the throne later. Two kings’ names in the inscription have their equivalents in Zuozhuan, and provide a new clue to evolution of name of the royal family of the Wu. In addition, its reference to the relationship of the Wu with the Xu and Chu enriches our knowledge obtained from historical books.

 
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