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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu 2011-6
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2011-08-18

 

Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology et al., The Excavation of the Burials of Longshan Culture in Ruzhou City, Henan………………………(3)
Han City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, The Excavation of Architecture Foundation No. 6 in the Changle Palace, Han Chang'an City in Xi'an………………………(11)
School of History and Culture, Shanxi University and Luoyang Municipal Archaeological Team,The Excavation of a Tomb of the Western Jin Dynasty at Macun Village,Mengjin County, Henan …………………(26)
Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and CPAM, Longquanyi District, The Joint Tomb of Wang Zongkan and His Wife of the Former Shu Kingdom in the FiveDynasties Period in Longquanyi District, Chengdu City …………………(33)
Yuan Guangkuo, The Discoveries and Researches on the Burials of Longshan Culture of Meishan Site, Ruzhou City, Henan ………………………………………………(45)
Hua Yubing and Wang Laizhu, A Preliminary Research on Xinchengzi Culture — Also on Its Relationship with the Relevant Archaeological Remains in Eastern Liaoning …………………………(51)
Chen Sipeng,The Interpretation of the Stone Inscription with the Date “The Fourth Year of Yuanhe Era” Unearthed from M1 of Zhangjiafen Cemetery in Badong County ……………………………………(65)
Wei Zheng, A Study on the Northern Wei Tombs in the Southern Suburb of Datong City ………… (72)
Shi Bing, The Interpretation to the “You” in the Yinxu Oracle Bone Inscriptions —Also on the Place Name “Youli” ………………………………………………(88)
Correspondent of the Present Journal, A Summary of the “International Symposium on the Urban and Settlement Archaeology of the Han Dynasty and Han Culture”……………(91)


Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology et al., The Excavation of the Burials of Longshan Culture in Ruzhou City, Henan
KEYWORDS: Henan Ruzhou City Meishan Site Longshan Culture Painted Potteries Shijiahe Culture
ABSTRACT: In 1995, Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and other institutions conducted excavation to the west portion of Meishan Site in Ruzhou City. The excavation recovered six vertical earthen shaft tombs of Longshan Culture, which were in two types, the ones with secondtier terraces and the ones without. The tombs with secondtier terraces yielded more grave goods, most of which were set on the secondtier terraces. Among the tombs without secondtier terraces, only one yielded very few grave goods. The grave goods were mostly painted potteries, the main types of which were pots, doustemmed bowls, jars, cups, bowls, etc. The other graved goods included jades and deer fangs, which were usually funeral objects. These grave goods had features of Shijiahe Culture, showing that the burial customs of the Meishan Site at the time of Longshan Culture were strongly influenced by Shijiahe Culture.


Han City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, The Excavation of Architecture Foundation No. 6 in the Changle Palace, Han Chang'an City in Xi'an
KEYWORDS: Xi'an Han Chang'an City Changle Palace Architectural Foundation No. 6 
Auxiliary Architectures
ABSTRACT: From November 2005 to January 2006, Han City Team of the Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences conducted excavation to the north edge of the main body of Archaeological Foundation No. 6 and its auxiliary architecture to its north in the northwest of Changle Palace. The auxiliary architecture was composed of the eastern and western parts, both of which consisted of the main hall, the corridors, aprons and the courtyard. The main halls had only the rammedearth foundations preserved; lines of stone pillar bases were remained along some edges of the rammedearth foundation, and a set of semisubterranean architectural remains was found in the main hall of the western part. The grounds of the corridors were paved with square bricks, flanking which stone pillar bases and traces of pillars were recovered in some parts. The aprons were paved with pebbles or rectangular bricks. In the courtyards, water supplying and draining systems consisting of wells, cesspools and supplying and draining pipelines were found. The artifacts unearthed in the site were mainly architectural materials, including semicylindrical tiles, flat tiles, tileends, bricks, pipes, well curbs, etc., and some potteries, iron and bronze implements and cowries. The unearthed artifacts showed that this architectural complex were built in early Western Han and used to the Xin Dynasty of Wang Mang. Referred to both the excavation data and historic literature, the Archaeological Foundation No. 6 is inferred as the Front Hall of Changle Palace.


School of History and Culture, Shanxi University and Luoyang Municipal Archaeological Team,The Excavation of a Tomb of the Western Jin Dynasty at Macun Village,Mengjin County, Henan
KEYWORDS: Henan Mengjin County Singlechamber Brick Vaulted Tombs Western Jin Dynasty Secondary Burials Joint Burials
ABSTRACT: In June 2010, Luoyang Municipal Archaeological Team excavated a brickchamber tomb of the Western Jin Dynasty at Macun Village, Mengjin County. It was a singlechamber tomb with a ramp passageway; the chamber was in square plan and the ceiling was in a pyramidal shape. On the east wall of the chamber, three side chambers were opened, each of which contained a pottery coffin. The structure of this tomb is very special and rare, and the burials in it would be secondary ones. The grave goods unearthed in this tomb included potteries, bronzes and stone implements. The excavation of this tomb provided new data for the researches on the burial types and joint burial systems of the Western Jin Dynasty.


Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and CPAM, Longquanyi District, The Joint Tomb of Wang Zongkan and His Wife of the Former Shu Kingdom in the FiveDynasties Period in Longquanyi District, Chengdu City
KEYWORDS: Chengdu Longquanyi District Rectangular Doublechamber Brick Vaulted
Tombs Epitaphs Former Shu Kingdom Feoffed Princes
ABSTRACT: In 1998, Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Commission for Preservation of Ancient Monuments of Longquanyi District excavated a brickchamber tomb located at Qinglong Village, Longquanyi District, Chengdu City. This tomb was a largesized rectangular doublechamber tomb with vaulted ceiling; the vertical pit grave was in a crossshaped plan, the east and west chambers in which were both composed of the sealing wall, main chamber, coffin platform, side chambers and arch ribs. The two chambers were built at the same time for a couple buried in the same grave but different chamber. The grave goods remained in the tombs included porcelains, bronzes, tin and iron wares and stone implements, the most important ones of which were the two stone epitaphs. This tomb was the highestranked one of the noble and royal tombs of the Former Shu Kingdom excavated to date except for Yongling Mausoleum of Wang Jian, the founding ruler of the Former Shu Kingdom. It provided important materials for the researches on the burial system of the Former Shu Kingdom, and the epitaphs are significantly meaningful for the local history researches. The structure of this tomb was the first case of the large and mediumsized tombs of the FiveDynasties and TenKingdoms Period in Sichuan region, which was also important for the research on the burial systems of this period.


Yuan Guangkuo, The Discoveries and Researches on the Burials of Longshan Culture of Meishan Site, Ruzhou City, Henan
KEYWORDS: Meishan Site Burials Layouts Classification Burial Customs
ABSTRACT: The analysis to the distribution of the burials of Longshan Culture of Meishan Site in the entire site, the classification of these burials by shapes and quantities of grave goods and the comparative study of these burials with other burials of Longshan Culture in this region showed that the burials of Longshan Culture of Meishan Site could be divided into three hierarchies reflecting the severe polarity between rich and poor at that time and the strong influences of Shijiahe Culture and Dawenkou Culture to the burial customs of this area.


Hua Yubing and Wang Laizhu, A Preliminary Research on Xinchengzi Culture — Also on Its Relationship with the Relevant Archaeological Remains in Eastern Liaoning
KEYWORDS: Eastern Liaoning Xinchengzi Culture Shuangfang Type Yinjiacun Phase I
Culture
ABSTRACT: Based on the newest archaeological discoveries, a new archaeological culture — Xinchengzi Culture — is put forward, and its cultural connotation, distribution scope and origination and development are also made clear. Viewed from the angle of Xinchengzi Culture, the archaeological remains in eastern Liaoning from the Western Zhou Dynasty to the WarringStates Period were different in the terms of cultural features, flourishing periods and origins: Xinchengzi Culture was distributed in the Liaohe River Valley to the east of Liaohe River course, its main burial type was stone cist burials, its typical pottery assemblage was pot with bowstring pattern and bowlshaped rim and jar with double horizontal lugs; it was flourishing in the early Western Zhou Dynasty to late SpringandAutumn Period; its predecessor was Machengzi Culture and it developed into Hejiaxin Type since the WarringStates Period. “Shuangfang Type” was distributed in the hinterland of Liaodong Peninsula, its main burial types were dolmen burials and stonecover burials, its typical pottery assemblage was jar with folded rim and highnecked pot with embossed ridges; it was flourishing in the early Shang Dynasty to the WarringStates; its origin would be the earlier archaeological cultures in Bronze Age; its flourishing would be related to Shuangtuozi Phase II Culture. Yinjiacun Phase I Culture was distributed in the southwest of Liaodong Peninsula, its main burial types were stone mound tombs and cairn barrows, the grave goods yielded from which were smallsized handmade pots, jars, bowls, doustemmed bowls, etc.; it was flourishing in the SpringandAutumn Period and its origin was Shuangtuozi Phase III. these archaeological cultures had very close relationships, they still could not be attributed into a single archaeological culture.


Chen Sipeng,The Interpretation of the Stone Inscription with the Date “The Fourth Year of Yuanhe Era” Unearthed from M1 of Zhangjiafen Cemetery in Badong County
KEYWORDS: Zhangjiafen Cemetery Stone Inscription of the Fourth Year of Yuanhe Era Inscription Interpretations History of Buddhism Qu Yuan (340-278 BC)
ABSTRACT: A comprehensive interpretation to the Stone Inscription of the Fourth Year of Yuanhe Era, which was unearthed from Tomb M1 of Zhangjiafen Cemetery in Badong County in 2003, corrected some errors of the two interpretations in the past and revealed rich cultural information contained in the inscription and pointed out that this stone inscription was valuable in the researches on chronology, historical geography, history of economy, history of Buddhism, history of criticism and interpretation of Qu Yuan, stylistics, etc.


Wei Zheng, A Study on the Northern Wei Tombs in the Southern Suburb of Datong City
KEYWORDS: Datong City Southern Suburb Northern Wei Tombs Grouping and Periodization
Cemetery Patterns
ABSTRACT: Through the analysis to the potteries which were the most timesensitive, this paper regrouped the 167 Northern Wei tombs in the southern suburb of Datong City into five groups, including two transitional groups with few tombs each. To evaluate the reasonability of the regrouping, the distribution patterns of the tomb types, stone lamps, glazed potteries and the honeysuckle pattern, wave pattern and the assemblage of honeysuckle and wave patterns on the grey potteries and other factors in the five groups are observed. Based on the grave goods and the orientations of the tombs, the tombs tightly clustered together and with same orientation are estimated as belonging to family cemeteries. The new tomb types, pottery types and glazed pottery categories and the cemetery patterns of Group Ⅲ reflected that this group formed in the time of great changes. The dated materials found in other sites of Datong City showed that the date of Group Ⅲ was in the late stage of the 5th century, during which the Northern Wei experienced the Taihe Reform and the transferring of the capital from Datong to Luoyang; the coexistence of maintaining and destroying situations in Group Ⅲ were the true reflection of the living society at that time.


Shi Bing, The Interpretation to the “You” in the Yinxu Oracle Bone Inscriptions —Also on the Place Name “Youli”
KEYWORDS: Yinxu Oracle Bone Inscriptions Youli (Place Name) WarringStates Period Shang Dynasty
ABSTRACT: The character combined with “jiu臼” and “mu木” in the Yinxu oracle bone inscriptions is actually the prototype of “you”, which was also loaned as “you” used as place name. The deciphering of this character not only brought forward the records of Wujiu乌桕 (Chinese tallow tree) from the Warring States Period to the Shang Dynasty but also presented the earliest evidence for the place name “Youli” in the handeddown historic literature.


Correspondent of the Present Journal, A Summary of the “International Symposium on the Urban and Settlement Archaeology of the Han Dynasty and Han Culture”
KEYWORDS: Han Dynasty Urban Archaeology Settlement Archaeology Symposia 
ABSTRACT: In September 17-19 2010, the “International Symposium on the Urban and Settlement Archaeology of the Han Dynasty and Han Culture” was held in Neihuang County, Henan Province. Over 130 experts and scholars at home and abroad attended this symposium and over 90 papers were received. Focused on the urban and settlement archaeology of the Han Dynasty and relevant issues, nine panels of reports and discussions were arranged. As the fourth session of the “Conference on the Archaeology of the Han Dynasty and Han Culture”, this symposium built a favorable platform for the domestic and international scholars to do academic interchanges, and will effectively propel the further development of the researches on the archaeology, history and culture of the Han Dynasty.

 


 

 
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