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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
Kaogu 2011-5
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2011-06-07

Main Contents
Department of Anthropology, Sun Yat-sen University and Inner Mongolian Autonomous Regional Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, The Excavation of the Tabuobo Neolithic Site in Bairin Right Banner, Inner Mongolia in 2009 …… ( 3 )
Department of Archaeology, Wuhan University et al., The Excavation of the Dianzihe Site in Yunxian County, Hubei ……………………………………………………… ( 16 )
Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Tieling Museum, The Excavations of the Remains and Burials of Donggou Site in Xifeng County, Liaoning …………………………………………………………………… (31  )
Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and CPAM of Xinjin County, The Cliff Burial at Dayun Mountain in Xinjin County, Chengdu … ( 51 )
Zhang Liangren, Agriculture and the Origins of the Civilizations ………………… ( 61 )
Xu Shaofeng, On the Layout and Evolution of the Eastern Zhou Royal City ………………………………………………………………………………… ( 67 )
Cao Lüning, On the Issue of the Statute Title of the Gongche Sima Lie Lü in the Shuihudi Bamboo Documents of the Qin Dynasty ………………………………… ( 78 )
Huo Wei, The Dharani Mantra Scriptures Unearthed from the Burials of the Tang and Song Dynasties and Their Folkloric Worships ……………………………………… ( 81 )


The Excavation of the Tabuobo Neolithic Site in Bairin Right Banner, Inner Mongolia in 2009
KEYWORDS: Inner Mongolia    Tabuobo    Sites of Neolithic Age    Xinglongwa Culture
ABSTRACT: In August through November 2009, a rescue excavation was conducted to the Tabuobo Neolithic Site in Bairin Right Banner, Inner Mongolia by the archaeological team of Sun Yat-sen University. The excavation recovered some remains of Xinglongwa Culture period, including several semi-subterranean house foundations, some stone and bone implements, potteries and a few jades, the types and decorative patterns of the potteries among which bore features of Xinglongwa Culture. This excavation enriches our understanding to the types of Xinglongwa Culture and is very meaningful for the researches on the relations among the types of archaeological cultures distributed on the north and south banks of Shira Muren River and their genealogical identification. 


The Excavation of the Dianzihe Site in Yunxian County, Hubei
KEYWORDS: Hubei    Dianzihe Site    Hougang Phase I Culture    Meishan Culture    Erligang Culture
ABSTRACT: From 2008 to 2009, Department of Archaeology, Wuhan University and other institutions conducted rescue excavation to the Dianzihe Site in Yunxian County, Hubei Province. Among the discoveries, the remains of Hougang I Culture were much richer, including burials, hearths, ash pits and so on, the artifacts unearthed from which were stone and bone implements and potteries.The remain of Meishan Culture was only ash pit H97, the potteries unearthed from which were mainly fu-cauldrons, ding-tripods, ring foot pans, high-necked jars, he-pitchers and so on, the date of which was close to that of Phase II of Meishan Culture. The remain of Erligang Culture was only ash pit H58, the potteries unearthed from which were mainly li-cauldrons, yan-steamers, jars, large-mouthed zun-vessels, lei-wine vessels, gui-tureens, jugs, and so on, all of which were typical wares of Erligang Culture. The remains of the Eastern Zhou Period were mainly ash pits in various types, the potteries unearthed from which were li-cauldrons, yu-vessels, jars, dou-stemmed bowls, basins, yan-steamers, pots, ding-tripods, zeng-steamers, bowls, and so on, the date of which was around the mid Warring-States Period.


The Excavations of the Remains and Burials of Donggou Site in Xifeng County, Liaoning
KEYWORDS: Liaoning    Donggou Site    Donggou Cemetery    Bronze Age
ABSTRACT: In September and October 2009, Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Tieling Museum conducted excavations to the Donggou Site and Cemetery in Xifeng County. The excavations recovered 25 ash pits, 4 ash ditches and 11 burials. The artifacts unearthed from the site were potteries, stone implements and iron wares, the pottery jar with folded rim, the cockscomb-shaped vessel lugs and the stems of dou-bowl showed the styles of the Warring-States Period to the early Western Han Dynasty. The grave goods unearthed from the burials were potteries and stone implements, the assemblage of which composed of pottery pot, jar and spindle whorl and stone axe and the tomb structures reflected that they were buried in the late Spring-and-Autumn to the early Warring-States Periods. The odd dates of the burials and dwelling remains showed that the residents of this site might have had alterations in Bronze Age.


The Cliff Burial at Dayun Mountain in Xinjin County, Chengdu
KEYWORDS: Chengdu    Dayunshan Cliff Burials    Multi-side chambered Rectangular Tombs    Pottery Coffins    Eastern Han
ABSTRACT: In January 2005, Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Committee for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments of Xinjin County excavated an Eastern Han cliff burial of the Dayunshan Cliff Burials in Xinjin County. This is a rectangular single-chamber tomb with flat ceiling and nine side chambers, in which 16 pottery coffins were recovered, yielding some potteries, bronzes and iron and stone implements. It is the cliff tomb containing the most coffins and used for the longest time in Sichuan found to date.


Agriculture and the Origins of the Civilizations
KEYWORDS: Agriculture    World System Theory    Subsistence Economy    Political Economy    Social Complexity
ABSTRACT: Although archaeologists have realized the significance of agriculture in the social development, they still saw other factors, such as unfair trade, as the motivation of social developments. Based on the staple finance (or subsistence economy) and wealth finance (or political economy) theories of D'Altroy and Earle, this paper pointed out that agriculture was the main resource of wealth in ancient society. Just because of this, the earliest civilizations emerged in plain areas where agriculture was developed rather than in mountain regions where the copper mine was rich. Moreover, the difference of the speeds of the social developments in Eurasian Continent, where the metallurgic technology developed much earlier, and the Central Plains of China, where the metallurgic technology developed later, and the intensity of the social complexity in Yayoi Period of Japan after the introduction of rice farming also thoroughly proved this. Therefore, we need to pay much more attention to study the relationship between agricultural development and social complexity when we explore the origins of civilizations.


On the Layout and Evolution of the Eastern Zhou Royal City
KEYWORDS: Eastern Zhou Royal City    City Systems    Formation Time    Formative Process    Historic Settings
ABSTRACT: This paper gets a new breakthrough in the understanding to the city system of the Eastern Zhou Royal City by trimming the related excavation materials with the references of the latest archaeological materials. The research results show that the Eastern Zhou Royal City has not only one circle of walls: it was designed with the inner and outer walls, and in the later period, a new small wall-enclosed city was built to the southwest of the outer wall and finally the complicated city layout composed of the large city with two layers of walls and the small city to its southwest was formed. This article not only examined the formation time and process, but also analyzed the historic background of the formation of East-Zhou capital’s city-walls system.


On the Issue of the Statute Title of the Gongche Sima Lie Lü in the Shuihudi Bamboo Documents of the Qin Dynasty
KEYWORDS: Gongche Sima公车司马 (the Major of Official Carriages); Lie Lü猎律 (Statute of Hunting); Statute Title; Gong Xing公行 (the Major of Official Carriages); Gong Lu公路 (the Major of Official Carriages)
ABSTRACT: Through the analysis to the ordering issue of the Slips No. 26 and 27 in Qinlü Zachao秦律杂抄 (Miscellaneous Excerpts from Qin Statutes) in the bamboo documents unearthed from Shuihudi Cemetery, which were titled as Gongche Sima公车司马 (the Major of Government Carriages) and Lie Lü猎律 (Statutes of Hunting), this paper argues that the contents of these two bamboo slips could not have belonged to two different chapters and supported the correct opinion of the Qin Bamboo Slip Interpreting Group.


The Dharani Mantra Scriptures Unearthed from the Burials of the Tang and Song Dynasties and Their Folkloric Worships
KEYWORDS: Tang and Song Archaeology    Tantric Buddhism    Occultism
ABSTRACT: Dharani Mantra scriptures are unearthed from the burials of the Tang and Song Dynasties, which were usually accompanying the dead with special bearing behaviors. This paper comprehensively studied the archaeologically unearthed cases of this kind of Dharani Mantra scriptures and pointed out that they were related to the popularity of the Tantric Buddhism in China during the Tang and Song Dynasties; meanwhile, this sect of Buddhism was integrated with the occultist arts such as incantations and exorcising crafts and formed a new type of folkloric beliefs during this period. 

 
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