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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
Kaogu 2011-4
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2011-05-27
Main Contents
School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University et al., The Excavation of the Lijiagou Site in Xinmi City, Henan ………………………………………… (3 )
Research Center for Chinese Frontier Archaeology of Jilin University et al., The Excavation to Nanfangshui Site in Tangxian County, Hebei in 2006 …………… (10 )
Beijing Institute of Cultural Relics and the South-North Water Transfer (SNWT) Office, Hubei Provincial Cultural Heritage Administration, The Tombs of the Warring-States Period and the Qin and Han Dynasties of Lianhuachi Cemetery in Danjiangkou City, Hubei ………………………………………………………… (26 )
The SNWT Office, Henan Provincial Cultural Heritage Administration and Anyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Jia Jin's Tomb of the Northern Qi Dynasty in Anyang County, Henan ………………………………… (42 )
Pei Anping, The Classification Research on the Prehistoric City Sites in the Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River Valley in the Settlement Cluster Pattern Perspective ……………………………………………………………………… (50)
Duan Tianjing and Zhu Yonggang, The Preliminary Understandings to the Remains of the Xia and Western Zhou Dynasties of Nanfangshui Site ……………………… (61 )
Sun Zhanyu, On the “Xingdu (Star Degrees)” Chapter of Rishu (Almanacs) in the Fangmatan Qin Bamboo Slips …………………………………………………… (70 )
Liu Zunzhi, On the Mausoleum Precincts of the Feudatory Princes of the Western Han Dynasty and the Related Issues ………………………………………………… (80 )

Yu Xiyun and Li Jun, The Research Trends on the Neolithization of the Eurasian Continent ………………………………………………………………………… (87)
 
 
The Excavation of the Lijiagou Site in Xinmi City , Henan
KEYWORDS: Henan  Xinmi  Lijiagou Site   Neolithic Age
ABSTRACT: In the autumn 2009 and spring 2010, two terms of rescue excavation were jointly conducted by School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University and Zhengzhou Municipal Institute of Archaeology to Lijiagou Site in Xinmi City . The excavation revealed the stratigraphical relationships of multiply cultures, the cultural deposits, implement assemblages, inhabitation patterns and subsistence types of which reflected the evolution of the people in present-day Central Plains from the Paleolithic Age to the early Neolithic Age with relatively stable residential types and subsistence type having both animal sourced and plant sourced food.
 

The Excavation to Nanfangshui Site in Tangxian County, Hebei in 2006
KEYWORDS: Hebei   Nanfangshui Site  Proto-Shang Period   Western Zhou Dynasty  Eastern Zhou Period
ABSTRACT: In April through July 2006, Research Center for Chinese Frontier Archaeology of Jilin University conducted coring and excavation to Nanfangshui Site in Tangxian County , Hebei Province. The excavation revealed remains of the Xia, Western Zhou Dynasties and Eastern Zhou Period. The remains of the Xia Dynasty showed diversified features. The richest remains were that of the mid and late phases of the Western Zhou Dynasty. The remains of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty belonged to the late Spring-and-Autumn Period to the Warring-States Period. This excavation is significantly meaningful for the understanding to the relations between the Zhou people and the adherents of the ruined Shang Dynasty and the deciphering of the evolutions and characteristics of the archaeological cultures in the north of the Central Hebei Plain during the Western Zhou Dynasty.
 

The Tombs of the Warring-States Period and the Qin and Han Dynasties of Lianhuachi Cemetery in Danjiangkou City , Hubei
KEYWORDS: Hubei  Lianhuachi Cemetery   Warring-States Period   Qin and Han Dynasties
ABSTRACT: In the years 2006 and 2007, Beijing Institute of Cultural Relics conducted excavation to the Lianhuachi Cemetery located in Danjiangkou City , Hubei Province. The excavation recovered 60 tombs, from which grave goods of various categories were yielded. Referred to the characteristics of the grave goods, these tombs can be dated into two phases: Phase I, from the late Warring-States Period to the early Western Han Dynasty and Phase II, the early to the mid Western Han Dynasty. The materials gained in the excavation to Lianhuachi Cemetery provided important data for the researches on the Chu Culture in the late Warring-States Period, the Qin Culture and the history of the Western Han Dynasty in Danjiang region, all three of which are critical historic periods.
 

Jia Jin's Tomb of the Northern Qi Dynasty in Anyang County, Henan
KEYWORDS: Henan   Anyang   Jia Jin's Tomb   Northern Qi Dynasty
ABSTRACT: In June 2008, Anyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology recovered a mural tomb of the Northern Qi Dynasty in Anyang County, Henan. Epitaph, porcelains, potteries and pottery human figurines were unearthed from this tomb. The epitaph showed that the occupant of this tomb is Jia Jin, who was cheji jiangjun (chariot and cavalry general) and langzhong ling (chamberlain for attendants) of Diaoyang Prince. The structure of the tomb is unique and the grave goods are plentiful, the assemblage of which are intact and the date was precise, all showing high archaeological values. Especially, the set of porcelains of the Northern Dynasties unearthed in this tomb is an important discovery of Northern Dynasties Archaeology in recent years.
 

The Classification Research on the Prehistoric City Sites in the Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River Valley in the Settlement Cluster Pattern Perspective
KEYWORDS: Middle Reaches of Yangtze River   Prehistoric City Sites  Settlement Pattern
ABSTRACT: The prehistoric city sites discovered in the middle reaches of Yangtze River to date showed three types of pattern: single settlements, double settlements and multiple settlements. The features, development routes and natures of these three types are all different from each other. The organization patterns of the city sites and the settlements nearby them decided the natures of the settlement clusters centered by the city sites. The emergence and development of the city sites in various settlement cluster patterns brought about the reorganizing and reassembling of the prehistoric kinship societies, which is also the mainstream of the evolutions of the late prehistoric societies in the middle reaches of Yangtze River. Finally, along with the developing of some city sites into territorial societies, the earliest civilized archaic states appeared.
 

The Preliminary Understandings to the Remains of the Xia and Western Zhou Dynasties of Nanfangshui Site
KEYWORDS: Nanfangshui Site  Shang Culture   Yan Culture
ABSTRACT: In the year 2006, remains of the Xia, Western Zhou Dynasties and the Eastern Zhou Period were discovered at Nanfangshui Site in Tangxian County, Hebei Province. The remains of the Xia Dynasty showed diversified cultural features from Lower Xiajiadian Culture, the cultural remains contemporary to the Xia Dynasty in the central Shanxi Province and Yueshi Culture, but the main body of the remains was still that of the Proto-Shang Culture. More remains of the Western Zhou Dynasty were found in this site, which could be dated into two phases from the mid to the late Western Zhou Dynasty. The analyses to the potteries and cemetery pattern of the Western Zhou Dynasty in Nanfangshui Site reflected that the remains of this period contained the cultural elements of both the Shang and Zhou Cultures, which means that this site was strongly influenced by the Western Zhou Culture while the Shang cultural elements might be related to the adherents of the
ruined Shang Dynasty. The remains of the Western Zhou Dynasty may represent a local type of the Yan Culture of the Western Zhou in the valleys of Daqinghe River and its tributaries, Tang and Cao Rivers.
 

On the “Xingdu (Star Degrees)” Chapter of Rishu (Almanacs) in the Fangmatan Qin Bamboo Slips
KEYWORDS: Fangmatan Qin Bamboo Slips  Rishu (Almanacs)  Xingdu (Star Distances)   Richan (Solar Equation)
ABSTRACT: Through observing the infrared images, many amendments are made to the transcription of the Xingdu Chapter of Tianshui Fangmatan Qinjian (Bamboo Slips of the Qin State from Fangmatan, Tianshui) and the order of the slip arrangement is adjusted in a large way. The distance angles of the 28 Lunar Mansions seen in this chapter are similar to the ancient degrees recorded in Hongfan Zhuan (The Commentary to the Great Plan) by Liu Xiang, which might be applied by the Zhuanxu Calendar of the Qin State in the Warring-States Period. The combinations of stars and the moon mentioned in this chapter were related to the richan (solar equation); the differences of the richan in this chapter from that in Lüshi Chunqiu (the Annals of Lü Buwei) and Huainanzi (The Master of Huainan) were made because of the different constellation systems or reference star systems applied by these works. It is inferred that the main functions of this chapter were calculating
the calendar and divining.
 

On the Mausoleum Precincts of the Feudatory Princes of the Western Han Dynasty and the Related Issues
KEYWORDS: Western Han Dynasty  Tombs of the Feudatory Princes   Mausoleum Precincts
ABSTRACT: In the Western Han Dynasty, almost all of the mausoleums of the feudatory princes had mausoleum precincts, the scales and planning of which were inherited from that of the previous periods and referred to the imperial mausoleums. Usually, the mausoleum precincts had inner and outer zones and named with the posthumous names of the feudatory princes. There were many facilities such as attendant tombs and storage pits were arranged in the mausoleums and corresponding agencies and personnel were assigned to manage them. The mausoleum precincts of the feudatory princes had their temporal and regional features showing both the strict hierarchical systems of the Western Han Dynasty and the developments of these mausoleums formed according to the funeral rules while reflected their own characteristics.
 

The Research Trends on the Neolithization of the Eurasian Continent
KEYWORDS: Neolithization   Eurasian Continent   Origins of Agriculture   Social Complexity
ABSTRACT: Neolithization is the transformation process of the human race from Paleolithic or Mesolithic Ages to Neolithic Age. The main areas subject to the researches on the Neolithization are Southwest Asia, Far East, Northeast Asia, Europe, etc. The depths, results and theories of the researches related to these areas are different from each other, the main aspects of which are the modes of the transformation from Paleolithic or Mesolithic Ages to Neolithic Age, the origination and diffusion of agriculture related to Neolithization, the origination and diffusion of potteries, the origination of polished stone implements, the beginning of sedentary settlements and the social complexity, etc.
 
 
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