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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
Kaogu 2011-3
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2011-05-24

Main Contents
School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University et al., The Excavation of   
    the North Locality of the Buyao Village Site in Lincheng County, Hebei ……… (3)
School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University et al., The Excavation of
    the South Locality of the Buyao Village Site in Lincheng County, Hebei ………(16)
The Sino-American Joint Guicheng Archaeological Team, The Preliminary Report
of the Survey to the Western and Eastern Zhou Guicheng City Site in Longkou City, 
Shandong ………………………………………………………………………....(30)
Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology et al., The
    Excavation of the Yongchun Site and Cemetery in Xifeng County, Liaoning …..(40)
Lü Hongliang, The Re-understanding to the Paleolithic Age in Tibet -- Focused on
the Locus on the Northeast Bank of Xardai Co Lake in Rutog County, Ngari  
Prefecture ……………………………………………………………………….. (59)
Chang Huaiying, On the Remains of Late Yangshao Age at Buyao Village in 
    Lincheng, Hebei ………………………………………………………………...( 69 )
Ni Run'an, On the Sandaowan and Dongdajing Cemeteries in Inner Mongolia as the
    Remains of Tanshihuai Tribe of Xianbei Ethnic Group ………………………… (77)
Wang Shuzhi, Wang Zenglin and He Nu, The Research on the Charcoals Unearthed from Taosi Site ……………………………………………………………………...(91)

 


 
School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University et al., The Excavation of the North Locality of the Buyao Village Site in Lincheng County, Hebei
KEYWORDS: Hebei     North Locality of Buyao Village Site     Remains of Late     Yangshao Culture     Remains of Mid and Late Shang Dynasty
ABSTRACT: In the year 2007, the School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University and other institutions conducted a large-scale rescue excavation to the zone which will be the main canal course of the South-North Water Transfer (SNWT) Project at Buyao Village in Lincheng County, Hebei Province. The discoveries in the North Locality of this zone were mainly the remains of the late Yangshao Culture and the mid and late Shang Dynasty. The remains of the late Yangshao Culture had local features which clearly differed from that of Xueshan Phase I Culture and Dasikong Type of Yangshao Culture distributed nearby. The remains of the mid and late Shang Dynasty had uninterrupted chronological sequence from the Huanbei Shang City Period to the Phase IV of Yinxu Period. These discoveries will be much helpful for the completion of the chronology of the archaeological cultures during the mid to late Shang Dynasty in central Hebei and the understanding to the natures of the society in this region at that time.

 


School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University et al., The Excavation of the South Locality of the Buyao Village Site in Lincheng County, Hebei
KEYWORDS: Hebei     South Locality of Buyao Village Site     Remains of Proto-Shang Culture     Remains of Mid and Late Shang Dynasty
ABSTRACT: In the year 2007, the School of Archaeology and Museology, Peking University and other institutions conducted a large-scale rescue excavation to the zone which will be the main canal course of the South-North Water Transfer (SNWT) Project at Buyao Village in Lincheng County, Hebei Province. The remains of the Proto-Shang Culture discovered in the South Locality of this zone filled the gap of the archaeological cultures during this period between the valleys of Zhang and Hutuo Rivers in the central and southern Hebei. The pottery types, features of typical pottery wares and kitchenware assemblages of these remains had some differences with those of the Zhanghe Type and Xia Yuegezhuang Type of Proto-Shang Culture. The Proto-Shang remains in Buyao Village Site could be dated as around the Phases III and IV of Erlitou Culture and could be seen as the representative of the archaeological cultures of the same period in the southern part of central Hebei.

 


The Sino-American Joint Guicheng Archaeological Team, The Preliminary Report of the Survey to the Western and Eastern Zhou Guicheng City Site in Longkou City, 
Shandong
KEYWORDS: Shandong     Guicheng City Site     Archaeological Surveys     The Western Zhou and Eastern Zhou Periods
ABSTRACT: In 2007-2009, the Sino-American Archaeological Team sponsored by the joint effort of the Institute of Archaeology (CASS), Columbia University , and Shandong Provincial Institute of Archaeology conducted systematic survey of the Guicheng city-site, located to the southeast of present-day Longkou City, Shandong Province. The survey reveals that the Guicheng city-site is composed of two concentric wall enclosures, the outer wall encircling an area of ca. 8 sq km. The L-shaped inner city has been the focus of intensive coring, which confirmed the locations of 17 architectural foundations, 2 sections of the road network, the main city gate, the water system, and other important features. The outer city wall stretches to a total length of 8.15 kilometers, running over the hilltops lying to the north of Lai Mountain. The wide zone between the two wall circles was fully covered with systematic surface sampling to determine the continuous distribution of pottery shards. The survey yielded a rich inventory of pottery that shows a division between two distinctive production traditions: A) that which features elements evidently introduced from the Central Plain in the west, and B) that which is identifiable to the local pottery tradition in eastern Shandong. The main occupation of the Guicheng city-site can be dated to the Western Zhou (1045-771 BC) through the Spring and Autumn period (770-481 BC). The discoveries break new ground for understanding the material cultures as well as the complex sociopolitical processes in the Shandong peninsula during the late Bronze Age. 

 


Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology et al., The Excavation of the Yongchun Site and Cemetery in Xifeng County, Liaoning
KEYWORDS: Liaoning    Yongchun Site and Cemetery    Late Warring-States Period to Early Western Han Dynasty
ABSTRACT: In September through October 2009, Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and other institutions conducted excavations to the Yongchun Site and Cemetery in Xifeng County. In the residential site, one house foundation, four ash pits, two hearths were recovered; in the cemetery, 11 tombs were excavated with potteries and stone implements yielded. The features of the unearthed artifacts showed that the cultural connotations of the Yongchun Site and Cemetery are in common, both of which were the remains of the same human group living in this area during the late Warring-States Period to the early Western Han Dynasty. The excavations has significant propelling function to the understanding of the cultural lineage of this period in the Kou River Valley in northern Liaoning.

 


Lü Hongliang, The Re-understanding to the Paleolithic Age in Tibet -- Focused on
the Locus on the Northeast Bank of Xardai Co Lake in Rutog County, Ngari  
Prefecture
KEYWORDS: Tibet    Locus on the Northeast Bank of Xardai Co Lake    Lithic  Typology      Paleolithic Age
ABSTRACT: In recent years, a series of new viewpoints emerged in the Paleolithic Archaeology of Tibetan Plateau, which are worthy of in-depth analyses. The re-analyses to the typology of the stone implements of the locus on the northeast bank of Xardai Co Lake revealed that this locus contained hand-axes, cleavers, choppers and other typical artifacts of Acheulean Industry. This situation is not an isolated case in western Himalaya region and might be related to the Acheulean tradition mixed with chopper tradition in the northern South Asian Subcontinent. The date of this locus would be before the mid Paleolithic Age and the time and mode for the early human beings to enter the Tibetan Plateau need reconsiderations.

 


Chang Huaiying, On the Remains of Late Yangshao Age at Buyao Village in  Lincheng, Hebei
KEYWORDS: Buyao Village Site     Yangshao Culture     Buyao Type   East Side of Taihang Mountain
ABSTRACT: Limited by the insufficient materials, the understandings to the features of the late Yangshao Culture in the central and southern regions of Hebei Province in the past were vague. The remains of late Yangshao Culture discovered in Buyao Village had clear local features, which reflected both interactions with the Dasikong Type of Yangshao Culture and the Wufang Type of Xueshan Phase I Culture and sharp differences from them. The remains of Buyao Village could be seen as the representative of the late Yangshao Culture in the southern part of the central region of Hebei Province and named as “Buyao Type of Yangshao Culture.” The central area of this cultural type was roughly distributed between Hutuo River and Sha River on the east side of Taihang Mountain and curbed by the ancient course of the Yellow River on the east.

 


Ni Run'an, On the Sandaowan and Dongdajing Cemeteries in Inner Mongolia as the Remains of Tanshihuai Tribe of Xianbei Ethnic Group
KEYWORDS: Sandaowan Cemetery     Dongdajing Cemetery    Remains of  Tanshi-huai Tribe of Xianbei Ethnic Group      Tuoba Xianbei
ABSTRACT: The dates and cultural natures of the Sandaowan and Dongdajing Cemeteries in Inner Mongolia were the same, both of which reflected five kinds of cultural elements. In addition to that of the early Tuoba, Xiongnu, Pingyang Culture and Han Culture from the Central Plains and other cultural elements, new component -- the cultural elements of Tanshihuai Tribe of Xianbei Ethnic Group emerged and took the guiding position. Therefore, the Sandaowan and Dongdajing Cemeteries could be attributed to the Tanshihuai Xianbei Tribe. The confirmation of the remains of Tanshihuai Xianbei Tribe is useful for the restoration of the development of the ethnic groups living in the northern steppe zone in late Eastern Han Dynasty as thorough as possible and the avoidance of the generalization in the identification of the remains of Tuoba Xianbei Tribe, which will have positive influences to the archaeological researches on Tuoba Xianbei.

 


Wang Shuzhi, Wang Zenglin and He Nu, The Research on the Charcoals Unearthed from Taosi Site
KEYWORDS:  Taosi Site     Charcoal  analysis     Palaeo-environment    Wood Utilization
ABSTRACT: From 2002 to 2007, twenty-five charcoal samples were collected in the archaeological excavations of Taosi Site, and were identified by means of reflected light microscope. The results showed that the charcoal fragments belonged to 25 wood species (including seven broad-leaved species unidentified) and one Gramineal species. This reflected that there was a distribution of coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest, broad-leaved forest, orchard trees and Gramineal plants nearby the site. During middle Taosi Culture period, the wood which the ancient people used the most for architecture was the oriental arborvitae, followed by oak and Chinese pine; the oriental arborvitae, which was a rare wood, was fetched from the locations far away from Taosi site for the palaces. It was sure that the ancient people collected jujube for food. Some kilns used common smoke-tree to bake potteries. Taosi Site was located in warm temperate zone with a warmer and more humid climate than that of the present during Taosi Culture period.

 
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