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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
Kaogu 2010-10
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2010-11-01

Main Contents


Department of Archaeology, Shandong University and Shandong Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Tomb No. 139 of the Shang Dynasty at Daxinzhuang Site, Jinan City …………………………………………………………… ( 3)

Shizitan Archaeological Team,  The Excavation to Locality S9 of the Shizitan Site in Jixian County, Shanxi ………… (7)
Research Center for Chinese Frontier Archaeology of Jilin University, et al., The Trial Excavation to Xueshan Site at Chengjiang County, Yunnan ……………………………………………………… ( 18)
Second Luoyang Municipal Archaeological Team, The Dated Western Jin Tombs in the “Da Han Zhong” Eastern Han Mausoleum Precinct at Mang Mountain , Luoyang City , Henan ……………………………………………………………………… (25 )
SNWT Office, Henan Provincial Cultural Heritage Administration et al., Excavation to the Tombs of the Western Jin Dynasty at Da Sima Village, Weihui City, Henan ……………………………………………………………………………….. ( 31)
The Sino-American Joint Archaeological Team of Institute of Archaeology, CASS and Peabody Museum at Harvard University, The Researches on the Longshan Culture at Shantaisi Site ………………………………………………………… ( 52)
Liu Huan, On the Issue of “Duo Yu” in the Oracle Inscriptions of the Shang Dynasty …...……………………………………………………………………… ( 61)
Sun Zhouyong, The Discovery of the Proto-Zhou Fruit and Vegetable Storage Pit and Relevant Issues …………………………………………………………………… ( 69)
Lü Hongliang, A Reexamination to the Eurasian Steppe Elements in the Petroglyphs of the Western Himalaya Region ………………………………………………… (76)
Wang, Shuzhi et al., Researches on the Plant Leaves Unearthed from Tomb No. 303 at Dasikong Village, Yinxu ……………………………………………………… (86)

 


Tomb No. 139 of the Shang Dynasty at Daxinzhuang Site, Jinan City
Department of Archaeology, Shandong University and Shandong Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology
Keywords: Daxinzhuang Site; Burials; Shang Dynasty
Abstract: In March through June 2010, new coring and excavations were conducted to the Daxinzhuang Site in Jinan City , by which a new cemetery from the later stage of the early phase of the Shang Dynasty to the later phase of the Shang Dynasty was recovered. Among the excavated tombs, Tomb No. 139 is the largest one: it is an earthen shaft tomb with tiers around the bottom, on which human victims were found. The burial furniture was one coffin and one outer coffin, beneath which waist pit was recovered. Plenty of grave goods were unearthed from this tomb, including large-sized bronzes, jades and stone implements. The scale, burial furniture, human victims and grave goods of this tomb all reflected that Tomb No.139 was a rare high-ranked elite tomb of the Erligang Period.

 

The Trial Excavation to Xueshan Site at Chengjiang County , Yunnan
Keywords: Yunnan ; Chengjiang County ; Xueshan Site; Semi-subterranean Houses; Stilt Houses
Abstract: In 2009, a small-scale trial excavation was conducted to Xueshan Site at Chengjiang County, Yunnan Province. The trial excavation recovered a semi-subterranean house foundation (F1) and a stilt house foundation (F2). The potteries and bronze arrowheads unearthed from F1 were similar to the artifacts of Shizhaishan Culture and therefore this house foundation would have belonged to Shizhaishan Culture, and was used as refuse pit after it was abandoned to the Six Dynasties Period. Only a small part of F2 was recovered in this excavation and its date is still waiting for further fieldwork.


The Dated Western Jin Tombs in the “Da Han Zhong” Eastern Han Mausoleum Precinct at Mang Mountain , Luoyang City , Henan
Keywords: Henan ; Luoyang ; Eastern Han Mausoleum Precinct; Dated Tombs of the Western Jin Dynasty
Abstract: In 2007, two Western Jin tombs with exact dates were found in the “Da Han Zhong (lit. Primary Han Tomb)” Eastern Han mausoleum precinct at Mang Mountain area, Luoyang City , Henan . Both tombs were small-sized earthen cave tombs with ramp or stepped passageways. From these two tombs, bricks with inscription “Yuankang ba Nian (the Eighth Year of Yuankang Era, i.e. 293 CE)”, potteries with typical Western Jin styles and large amounts of coins were unearthed. These physical materials were significantly meaningful for the chronological and typological researches on the small-sized Western Jin tombs in Luoyang region and the currencies of this region during the Three-Kingdoms Period to the Western Jin Dynasty.


The Researches on the Longshan Culture at Shantaisi Site
Keywords: Henan ; Zhecheng; Shantaisi Site; Eastern Henan Longshan Culture
Abstract: Based on typical stratigraphical relationships and the features of the unearthed potteries, the remains of Longshan Culture at Shantaisi Site could be divided into three phases and six stages. Their development sequence roughly covered all of the development stages of the sites of Eastern Henan Longshan Culture, such as Wangyoufang Site at Yongcheng County , Duanzhai Site at Dancheng County , Luantai Site at Luyi County , Lutaigang Site at Qixian County , and so on. The large-sized rammed-earth architectural foundations and row houses, the sacrificial pit with bull skeletons and the grain cellars of Shantaisi Site suggested its position as the exemplary site of Longshan Culture in eastern Henan . In addition, the 14C dating results to the samples gathered in this site provided references for identifying the date of Shantaisi Site.


The Excavation to Locality S9 of the Shizitan Site in Jixian County, Shanxi
Keywords: Shanxi; Jixian County; Late Paleolithic Age; Shzitan Site
Abstract: The Locality S9 of the Shizitan Site in Jixian County, Shanxi Province is a site in situ in the Shizitan late Paleolithic site group at a later phase. This locality yielded rich artifacts. The hammering method for flake producing, pressure flaking method for secondary processing, small-sized flake stone tools, the assemblage of scrapers, points and choppers and pressure flaking method for microblade producing found in this locality represented the features of the Microlithic cultures in North China. The grindstones, stone grinding rollers, pigment pieces and pigment pulverizing tools, and ornaments made of clam shells and ostrich eggshells unearthed here provided plenty of materials for the researches on the transition of local cultures from late Paleolithic Age to early Neolithic Age and the origination of primitive agriculture in North China.


The Excavation of Zhao Mingdu's Tomb of the Eastern Wei Dynasty at Anyang County, Henan
Keywords: Anyang County; Eastern Wei Dynasty; Zhao Mingdu's Tomb
Abstract: In October 2008, Anyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology found an Eastern Wei tomb during the survey to the artery course of South-North Water Transfer Project. The epitaph unearthed from this tomb showed that the tomb occupant was Zhao Mingdu, who was buried in the fourth year of Tianping Era (537 CE). Not having been looted, this tomb yielded intact grave goods assemblage with highly valuable celadon wares, three jars among which were typical artifacts of the Northern Dynasties. The bluestone epitaph with exact date provided a calibrator for the chronology of the burials of the Northern Dynasties.


On the Issue of “Duo Yu” in the Oracle Inscriptions of the Shang Dynasty
Keywords: Oracle Bone Inscriptions; “Duo Yu多毓”; “Yu Zu毓祖”; “Yu Bi Zhou毓妣胄”
Abstract: By observing the oracle bone inscriptions of Yinxu, the bronze inscriptions and historic literature, this paper suggests that the character “Yu毓” in the oracle bone inscriptions of Yinxu should be read as “Zhou胄”, which meant the successive generations whose positions were junior on the family tree. Meanwhile, the term “Zhou胄” emphasized the kinship. The explanations to “Yu” and “Zhou” are very important to the researches on the history of the Shang Dynasty.


The Discovery of the Proto-Zhou Fruit and Vegetable Storage Pit and Relevant Issues
Keywords: Zhouyuan Site; Proto-Zhou Period; Fruit and Vegetable Storage Pit; Apricot; Muskmelon
Abstract: During the large-scale excavation to the Locus Northwest of Qijia Village in the core area of Zhouyuan Site from September 2002 to January 2003, more than 1000 pieces of seeds of apricot and muskmelon were unearthed from a fruit and vegetable storage pit (numbered as 2002ZIIA3H83). Confirmed by the results of radiocarbon dating tests and the analyses of other archaeological materials, these seeds were buried in the Proto-Zhou Period, and the H83 would be a special facility built by the Zhou people of Ji Family for storing fruits and vegetables. During the Shang and Western Zhou Dynasties, horticulture has been rather developed in Zhouyuan area, the products of which were not only used as food but also as sacrifice. This discovery also provided important evidence for the researches on the cultivation histories of apricot and muskmelon in Zhouyuan area.


A Reexamination to the Eurasian Steppe Elements in the Petroglyphs of the Western Himalaya Region
Keywords: Western Himalaya Region; Petroglyphs; Eurasia Steppe; Animal Design
Abstract: In the recent one century, the archaeologists at home and from abroad found large amounts of ancient petroglyphs in western Himalaya region, and confirmed that this region is an important "Petroglyph Forest" in the petroglyph distribution areas all over the world. Through comparative analyses to the petroglyphs in western Tibet, northern Pakistan and northwestern India, their identifiable motif styles with cultural elements of Eurasia Steppe Area demonstrated that the petroglyphs in western Tibet, which could be represented by the ones at Rimodong, may be attributed to the cultural sphere of Eurasia Steppe petroglyphs. In the first millennium BCE, the western Tibet had tight relationship with the artistic tradition of the Eurasia Steppe Area.


Researches on the Plant Leaves Unearthed from Tomb No. 303 at Dasikong Village, Yinxu
Keywords: Yinxu; Morphology; Molecular Genetics; Plant Branches and Leaves as Grave Goods
Abstract: Large amounts of plant branches and leaves were unearthed from Tomb No. 303 at Dasikong Village, Yinxu excavated in 2004. These plant remains were put around the rim of a bronze Zun-vessel. After careful sample recovering, they were subject to morphological and molecular genetics studies. The study results showed that these plant remains were that of rosthorn staff-tree (Celastrus rosthornianus Loes) which belongs to Staff-tree (Celastrus) Genus, Staff-tree (Celastraceae) Family. The reasons why this kind of plant was buried in the tomb would be that the people of the Shang Dynasty have known its medical function, or that these branches and leaves were used to cover the grave goods. That they could be preserved to the present would be because of the special taphonomic environment and their own components.

 
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