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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
Kaogu 2010-8
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2010-10-12

 

Main contents and abstracts:

Nanjing Museum, Zhangjiagang Municipal Bureau of Culture, Broadcasting and Television and Zhangjiagang Museum,The Neolithic Site at Dongshan Village,Zhangjiagang City, Jiangsu…………………………………………………………………………………………  (3)
KEYWORDS: Jiangsu Dongshan Village Site Majiabang Culture Songze Culture Burials
ABSTRACT: The two terms of excavation to Dongshan Village Site recovered a dozen or so burials of Majiabang Culture and a settlement of Songze Culture consisting of house foundations and burials, the nine high-ranked large tombs among which were the first discovery of tombs of Songze Culture in this rank. The discovery of these nine high-ranked tombs filled the blank of high-ranked tombs of Songze Culture and provided new data for re-understanding the comprehensive feature and the level of the social productivity of Songze Culture in circum Taihu Lake zone. The separated arrangement of large-and small-sized tombs and the appearance of large-sized house foundations in the early and middle phases of Songze Culture proved that at latest around 5800 BP, social classes have emerged in Songze Culture and provided important materials for the researches on the process of social civilization in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the origins of Chinese Civilization.


Inner Mongolian Autonomous Regional Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, The Excavation to the Erdaojingzi Site at Chifeng City, Inner Mongolia……………………………(13)
KEYWORDS: Inner Mongolia Erdaojingzi Site City Sites Lower Xiajiadian Culture
ABSTRACT: From April to November 2009, Inner Mongolian Autonomous Regional Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology conducted a rescue excavation to Erdaojingzi Site at Hongshan District, Chifeng City, Inner Mongolia. The excavation uncovered 5200 sq m in total, from which 305 remains of city walls, surrounding ditches(moats), courtyards, house foundations, paths, cellars, ash pits and burials were recovered and over 1000 pieces of pottery wares, stone and bone implements, jades and other artifacts were unearthed. The excavation to Erdaojingzi Site provided scientific evidences for the researches on the settlement archaeology of Lower Xiajiadian Culture and a new platform for the exploration to the settlement pattern and social organization structure at that time.


Shandong Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, The Western Zhou Site at Chenzhuang Village, Gaoqing County, Shandong……………………………………………  (27)
KEYWORDS: Shandong Chenzhuang Site City Sites Rammedearth Foundations Chariot and Horse Pits
ABSTRACT: The Chenzhuang Western Zhou Site is located between Chenzhuang and Tangkou Villages, Huagou Township, Gaoqing County, Shandong Province. The excavation recovered a city site of the Western Zhou Dynasty and the surrounding ditches of the Eastern Zhou Period; inside the city site, house foundations, ash pits, cellars, rammedearth platforms, wells, burials and chariot and horse pits, including two T-shaped large-sized tombs, were recovered. From these remains, pottery wares, bronzes, shell and bone implements were unearthed. Among the bronzes, about 10 pieces had inscriptions, two of which had long inscriptions comprising over 70 characters. Chenzhuang Site is the earliest Western Zhou city site found to date. The high-ranked tombs and sacrificial altars found in the city site showed that this city site was a regional center during the early and middle phases of the Western Zhou Dynasty.


Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Anyang County Bureau of Culture, Cao Cao’s Gaoling Mausoleum at Xi Gaoxue Village, Anyang City,  Henan …………………………………………………………………………………… (35)
KEYWORDS: Henan Xi Gaoxue Brickchamber Tombs Cao Cao's Gaoling Mausoleum
Late Eastern Han Dynasty
ABSTRACT: In December 2008, Henan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Anyang County Bureau of Culture recovered a large-sized brick-chamber tomb at Xi Gaoxue Village, Anyang County, Henan Province. This tomb was a multi-chamber tomb in a T-shaped general plan and composed of passageway, brick-laid shield wall, gate, gate-sealing wall, corridor, tomb chambers and side chambers. The artifacts unearthed from this tomb were made of gold, silver, bronze, iron, jade, bone, lacquer, porcelain, pottery, stone, and so on, including some stone plaques bearing the characters “Wei Wu Wang (Prince Wu of Wei)”. Analyzed from the type and rank of the tomb, the unearthed artifacts, the genders and ages of the tomb occupants and the location of the tomb, with the references of relevant historic literatures, this tomb was suggested to be Cao Cao’s Gaoling Mausoleum.


Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, Cemetery of Lü Family of the Northern Song Dynasty at Wulitou Village, Lantian County, Shaanxi …………………………………………(46)
KEYWORDS: Shaanxi Wulitou Cemetery Earthen Cave Tombs Lü Family Northern Song Dynasty
ABSTRACT: The Cemetery of Lü Family of the Northern Song Dynasty was located at Wulitou Village 2.5 km to the northwest of Lantian County seat, Shaanxi Province. The rescue excavation to this cemetery recovered a family graveyard consisting of the tomb group, graveyard border ditches and family ancestor temple. All of the tombs were earthen cave tombs, the types of which were single-chamber, double-chamber along the same longitudinal axis, double-chamber in parallel position, main chamber with a side chamber, and single antechamber with two rear chambers. All of these tombs were arranged in clear north-south lines and east-west rows. The border ditches were found on the east, north and west sides of the tomb group and formed a “Π”-shaped plan. The family ancestor temple was on the extension of symmetric axis of the tomb group and 500 m to its south. It was a brick-and-wood architectural complex with three courtyards arranged along the longitudinal symmetric axis. From these tombs, 655 pieces (or sets) of grave goods, most of which were practical utensils made of pottery, porcelain, stone, bronze, iron, tin, silver, gold, lacquer and bone, were unearthed. The cemetery of Lü Family was the most completely preserved family cemetery of the Northern Song Dynasty found to date.


Jiangxi Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Gao’an Municipal Museum, The Excavation of the Papermaking Mill Remains at Hualin District, Gao’an City, Jiangxi ……………………………………………………………………………………… (53)
KEYWORDS: Jiangxi Hualin Site Paper-Making Mill Remains Song, Yuan and Ming Dy
nasties
ABSTRACT: The excavations to the Paper-Making Mill Remains at Fuzhimiao Workshop Zone in Hualin District recovered architectural remains related to paper-making, such as flex-retting pond, water ducts, drainage ditches, water cisterns, red-burnt clay grounds left by boiling bamboos and flexes, coarse sandy soil for storing limes, pits for baking natron, working platform for adding lime and fermenting, the waste pits for cleaning the ponds and paper-making room, etc; at Zhouling and Xixi Villages, seven water-powered trip-hammers were recovered, respectively. These recovered paper-making settings reflected the entire workflow from falling bamboo (as raw material of paper), material retting, material boiling, material fermenting and material pulverizing to filling and paper conditioning and could be used to restore the occasion of “Making Bamboo Paper” in Tiangong Kai Wu (Exploitation of the Work of Nature) written by Song Yingxing.


Correspondent of the Present Journal, A Summary of “Archaeological Forum of CASS: New Archaeological Discoveries in China during 2009”……………………………………………(72)
KEYWORDS: Chinese Archaeology Academic Forums New Archaeological Discoveries in China during 2009
ABSTRACT: To exhibit the achievements of Chinese archaeology on excavations and researches in 2009, further improve the academic communication and researches and propel the development of cultural heritage and archaeology causes, the Ninth “Archaeological Forum of CASS: New Archaeological Discoveries in China during 2009” was held in Beijing on January 13, 2010. On the forum, six scholars made presentations for  the Neolithic Site at Dongshan Village, Zhangjiagang City, Jiangsu, the Erdaojingzi Site at Chifeng City, Inner Mongolia, the Western Zhou Site at Chenzhuang Village, Gaoqing County, Shandong, Cao Cao’s Gaoling Mausoleum at Xi Gaoxue Village, Anyang City, Henan, the Cemetery of Lü Family of the Northern Song Dynasty at Wulitou Village, Lantian County, Shaanxi and the Paper-making Mill Remains at  Hualin District, Gao'an City, Jiangxi. Six celebrated scholars were invited to make interpretations and commentaries and chaired the discussions on these new discoveries.


Zhang Changping, Liu Yu, Yue Zhanwei and He Yuling, The Development of Mold making Technology from the Erligang Culture to Yinxu Periods……………………………………… (79)
KEYWORDS: Erligang Culture Yinxu Culture Bronzes Mold-making Technology
ABSTRACT: This  paper discussed  two  aspects of the development of the mold-making technology from the Erligang Culture to Yinxu Culture Periods. The first, the large amounts of molds and models and the features of the bronzes of the Yinxu Period all reflected the technological trend of the increasing complexity of section-mold divisions, which was to meet the demand of developing decorative designs on the surface of the bronzes. The second, in the Yinxu Period, the technology of core mold making solved the problem of casting hollow legs in Erligang Period, and the technological progresses brought about the typological changes. Both aspects of the technological developments occurred around the Erligang and Yinxu Cultures and became important technological background of the bronze culture in Yinxu Period.


Kong Lingyuan, Commentary of the Inscription on the Ge-dagger Ax of Zhougou, the King of the Yue State ……………………………………………………………………………………… (87)
KEYWORDS: Ge-dagger Ax of King Zhougou of the Yue State Xu State Bronze Inscriptions Eastern Zhou Period
ABSTRACT: The inscription on the bronze Ge-dagger ax of King Zhougou of the Yue State in the Spring-and-Autumn Period collected in Zhenqin Study noted the historic fact that King Zhougou of the Yue State continued the policies of the late kings to aid the ruling elite of the Xu State to recover their state. Referring to the inscriptions of the relevant bronzes unearthed from Zhejiang, Jiangxi Provinces and other places which were ever the territories of the Yue State, this paper points out that the royal families of the Yue and Xu States had strong kinship relations; at the latest since the reign of King Zhezhi Wuci者旨於赐, the Yue State had begun to design and execute the plan for the Xu State to restore their power and the succeeding kings continued to do that up to the reign of King Zhougou.


Wu Xiaoping and Cui Benxin, Notes on the Chin Rests Unearthed from the Tombs of the Tang and Song Dynasties in the Three Gorges Region ………………………………………………(91)
KEYWORDS: Three Gorges Region Chin Rests Middle and Late Tang Dynasty Northern Song Dynasty
ABSTRACT: Almost ten or so chin rests made of bronze or silver have been unearthed from the Tang and Song Tombs in the Three Gorges Region. Their dates concentrated within the mid-Tang to the Northern Song Dynasties. This paper suggests that the emergence of chin rests at the tombs in Three Gorges Region was related to the southward moving of the middle-class people from the Central Plains after the An Lushan Rebellion (755-763 CE). The use of chin rests, which was originated in the north, was a custom of Hu people and adopted by the noble people of the Tang Dynasty; it had not been seen before the mid-Tang Dynasty. Moreover, all of the tombs yielding chin rests were earthen cave tombs, a burial style popular in the Central Plains but absent in the south including the Three Gorges Region before the mid-Tang Dynasty.

 

 
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