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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
Kaogu 2010-7
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2010-08-02

 

Main Contents


Shanxi Archaeological Team, IA, CASS and South-North Water Transfer (SNWT) Office, Henan Provincial Cultural Heritage Administration, Excavation to the Western Zhou Remains of Xiawanggang Site at Xichuan County, Henan ………………………………………………… ( 3  )
Antiquities and Monuments Office, Hong Kong SAR and IA, CASS, Excavation to So Kwun Wat Site at Tuen Mun Township, Hong Kong ……………………… (17)
Joint Ye City Archaeological Team of IA, CASS and Hebei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics, The Exploration and Excavation to the Remains of Buddhist Temple of the Northern Dynasties at Zhaopengcheng, Ye City Site, Linzhang County, Hebei…………………… (31 )
Research Center for Frontier Archaeology, CASS et al., The Excavation to the Tongzi Monastery Site at Longshan Mountain, Taiyuan City, Shanxi ……………………………… (43)
Dong, Kunyu, Reexamination to the Pre-Qin Muji (Grave-site Sacrifice Offering) System…………………………………………………………………………… (57)
Pan Ling, On the Rectangular Bronze Plaques with Serrated Openwork Pattern………………………………………(65)
14C Laboratory of the Archaeological Science and Techniques Experiment and Research Center, IA, CASS et al., Report of 14C Dates (36) …………………… (73)
Ge Wei, Liu Li, Chen Xingcan and Jin Zhengyao, The Experimental Research on the Starch Granule Damage during Food Processing and Its Application in Archaeology………………………… (77)
Li Xiaocen and Han Rubin, Researches on the Bronzes Unearthed from the Bronze Coffin Tomb at Dabona Cemetery, Xiangyun County, Yunnan ………………………………………… (87)
Qin Dashu, A Masterpiece for Research and Connoisseurship -- The Review of Complete Collection of Ceramic Art Unearthed in China………………………………………… (93)

Excavation to the Western Zhou Remains of Xiawanggang Site at Xichuan County, Henan
KEYWORDS: Henan Xichuan County    Xiawanggang Site    Western Zhou Dynasty Chu Culture
ABSTRACT: In August 2008, survey and coring tests were conducted to Xiawanggang Site at Xichuan County, Henan Province, which confirmed that the preserved part of this site was about 1 ha large. During September through December 2008, excavations were conducted on the north and south sides of the area excavated in the 1970s, uncovering 1100 sq m in total, within which 48 ash pits of the Western Zhou Dynasty were recovered, 11 of them were typical ones. Most of the ash pits were dug in regular shapes, mainly circular or oval. The unearthed potteries included Li-cauldrons, jars, basins, jugs, pots, Yan-steamers, Dou-stemmed bowls, etc. This term of excavations yielded plentiful physical materials for the researches on local culture and the cultures in the Danjiang and Xi River Valleys at the Western Zhou Period and important clues for the explorations to the origins, features and distribution of the early Chu Culture.

Excavation to So Kwun Wat Site at Tuen Mun Township, Hong Kong
KEYWORDS: Hong Kong    So Kwun Wat Site    Shang-Zhou Period    Han Dynasty
ABSTRACT: In the years 2008 and 2009, archaeological excavations were conducted to So Kwun Wat Site at Tuen Mun Township, Hong Kong. The foci of the excavations were Zones I and II, the uncovered parts of which were 3750 sq m in total. The recovered remains of the Shang and Western Zhou Dynasties were activity areas and the hearths, house foundations, handicraft workshops, ash pits and burials related to them, the artifacts unearthed from which were potteries, stone implements, etc. The main remains of the Eastern Zhou Period recovered in the excavations were also activity areas, and handicraft workshops related to them, the artifacts unearthed from which were potteries, bronzes and stone implements. The remains of the Han Dynasty were mainly a tomb, the grave goods unearthed from which were an iron ax, an bronze plate, ear cups and Jue-earrings, etc. The excavations to So Kwun Wat Site provided important clues for the in-depth understanding of the productive and living conditions of ancient inhabitants in Hong Kong region at different periods.

The Exploration and Excavation to the Remains of Buddhist Monastery of the Northern Dynasties at Zhaopengcheng, Ye City Site, Linzhang County, Hebei
KEYWORDS: Hebei    Linzhang County    Ye City Site    Buddhist Architecture Northern Dynasties
ABSTRACT: In October through December 2002, the remains of so-called “Cao Huan’s Tomb” was excavated and confirmed to be the foundation of a pagoda in a Buddhist temple of the Eastern Wei and Northern Qi Dynasties. The coring and trial excavations in 2003 through 2005 recovered the surrounding ditches of the temple which were enclosed in a square plan and the courtyards at the southeastern and southwestern corners of the ditch-enclosed area, and preliminarily identified the Zhaopengcheng Northern Dynasties Buddhist Temple centered by the pagoda. The artifacts unearthed within the square area were mainly bricks, tiles, tile-ends, grey potshards, celadon shards, and so on; from the pagoda foundation, some artifacts related to Buddhism such as color-painted clay Buddha images were found, as well as bricks, tiles and stone structure parts. Pottery and porcelain wares and tile-ends were unearthed in the courtyard at the southwestern corner of the temple. This Buddhist temple site is a rare case for the researches on the Buddhist architectures of the Northern Dynasties.

The Excavation to the Tongzi Temple Site at Longshan Mountain, Taiyuan City, Shanxi
KEYWORDS: Shanxi    Taiyuan City    Tongzi Temple Site    Grottoes    Northern Dynasties     Sui-Tang Period
ABSTRACT: In 2002, the excavation conducted to Tongzi Temple at Longshan Mountain, Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province recovered the entire site of the monastery built in the Ming Dynasty. Trial excavation was conducted on the north side of the lantern-shaped stone pagoda, and the coring tests were conducted to the peripheral areas of the temple, by which two grottos of the Tang Dynasty were recovered. The focus of the excavations in 2004 was the Buddha Pavilion, the porch of which was recovered, yielding large amounts of architecture parts. In 2005, excavations were conducted to the architectural remains on the north and south sides of the porch of the Buddha Pavilion. In 2006, excavations were conducted to the north part of the Buddha Pavilion, from which some stone Buddhist sculptures of the Northern Qi and Tang Dynasties were unearthed. The excavations confirmed that the Tongzi Temple was first built in the Northern Qi Dynasty and provided new data for the researches on the Buddhist architectural types of the Northern and Tang Dynasties.

Reexamination to the Pre-Qin Muji (Grave-site Sacrifice Offering) System
KEYWORDS: Tombs    Sacrifice    Funeral Rites and Ceremonies    Pre-Qin Period
ABSTRACT: In the pre-Qin Period, Mu墓 (Tomb or Grave) and Zhong冢 (Mound over grave) are two exclusively different concepts: Mu was burial place without mound over it, and a general term for the burials of common people and some nobles; Zhong was large-scale burial with artificial mound over it, and the term specially used for the royal or high-ranked elite burials. The meanings of these two terms began to be mixed up since the Spring-and-Autumn Period, and referred to the same concept in the Qin-Han Period. In the pre-Qin Period, the Zhongji冢祭, which were sacrifice offering ceremonies on the sites of the mounded royal or high-ranked elite tombs, did unquestionably exist; but the Muji墓祭, which were sacrifice offering ceremonies held on the sites of the graves of common people or some nobles, was only one step in the procedure of funeral ceremonies and not held as a rule. The opinion of “in the ancient times, Muji was not held” by the scholars in the Han to Jin Dynasties was held just on this aspect.

On the Rectangular Bronze Plaques with Serrated Openwork Pattern
KEYWORDS: Bronze Plaques with Serrated Pattern    Bronze Plaques with Reticulation Pattern    Xiongnu    Xianbei    Han Dynasty
ABSTRACT: Rectangular bronze plaques with serrated openwork pattern, which were distributed in the Northern Frontier Zone of China, the Southern Siberia and trans-Baikal areas, were tightly related to Xiongnu ethnic group. From the 2nd century BCE to 1st century CE, the bronze plaques with serrated openwork pattern and griffin figure on the edges underwent an evolution of pattern simplification. The bronze plaques with serrated openwork pattern and 凹梨纹? on the edges was popular around the 1st century CE; the bronze plaques with symmetric serrated openwork patterns along edges were popular around the 2nd century CE; the ones of this type of bronze plaques distributed in the Northern Frontier Zone of China had nipple pattern on the obverse, and other two types of bronze belt plaques with openwork patterns evolved from that with serrated openwork pattern also existed in this zone at this period.

Report of 14C Dates (36)
KEYWORDS: 14C Dating    Half life of 14C    Archaeological Sites
ABSTRACT: The present report publishes the chronological data of 32 specimens dated by the 14C Laboratory of the Archaeological Science and Techniques Experiment and Research Center, IA, CASS and Xi’an Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) Center, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), from 2008 to 2009. These specimens came from the following sites: Miaodigou site (19) at Hanzhuang Village, Hubin District, Sanmenxia City, and Mazhuang site (13) at Mazhuang Village, Shaji Township, Yucheng County, Henan Province.

The Experimental Research on the Starch Granule Damage during Food Processing and Its Application in Archaeology
KEYWORDS: Ancient Diet Analyses    Starch Grain Analyses    Xishan Site    Lajia Site    Scientific Archaeology
ABSTRACT: The grinding and heating experiments to some starchy grains in various methods revealed the morphological alterations of starch granules during relevant food processing procedures. To identify the ancient starch granule samples which might have been involved in the grinding and heating procedures, not only comparative studies should be done with modern unprocessed samples but the relevant simulation experiments should also be applied. Starch granules from different plants might react differently to the same processing procedure, while identical alteration of starch granules might be resulted from different processing procedures. The results of the simulation experiments showed that the damage of the starch granules gathered at Xishan Site was done by grinding and heating, and more researches are waiting to do to identify the material and processing methods of the noodles unearthed from Lajia Site.

Researches on the Bronzes Unearthed from the Bronze Coffin Tomb at Dabona Cemetery, Xiangyun County, Yunnan
KEYWORDS: Yunnan    Xiangyun County    Dabona Site    Bronze Coffin Burials Bronzes    Warring-States Period    Scientific Archaeology
ABSTRACT: The sampling and chemical composition analysis to some copper and bronze wares unearthed from the bronze coffin tomb at Dabona Cemetery, Xiangyun County, Yunnan Province showed that they were made of copper, tin bronze and lead tin bronze with very low tin proportion, the alloy ratios reflected an immature development stage. The microscopic structures of these metal wares showed that the techniques applied to them were diversified, including post-casting hot cold work, post-casting hot processing and post-casting cold processing. The diversified manufacturing techniques implied the diversified sources of Dabona Bronze Culture, and their profound influences on the bronze cultures in present-day Yunnan Province. The 14C dating results of the wooden outer coffin unearthed from Dabona Cemetery showed that the date of this bronze coffin tomb was the early to the mid Warring-States Period.

Qin Dashu, A Masterpiece for Research and Connoisseurship -- The Review of Complete Collection of Ceramic Art Unearthed in China
Keywords: Complete Collection of Ceramic Art Unearthed in China (Book Title); Ceramics; Porcelain Archaeology
Abstract: Complete Collection of Ceramic Art Unearthed in China is a 16-volume illustrated catalog of the ceramic artifacts unearthed in China. The ceramic artifacts unearthed in China since the beginning of the 20th century, including the exquisite ones from burials, pagoda foundations and hoards and the samples gathered or recovered in the surveys and excavations to the ancient kiln sites during the second half of the 20th century, are comprehensively collected in this monumental work. The time span of the artifacts collected in this catalog was from the Xia Dynasty before the 16th century BCE to the beginning of the 20th century. This book has the largest scale, the most comprehensive collection of artifacts, the most reliable data and the richest reflection of ceramic cultures and arts since the appearance of porcelain archaeology in the 20th century.

 

 
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