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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
Kaogu 2010-6
From:Chinese archaeology  Writer:  Date:2010-08-20

 

Institute of Archaeology, CASS and Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Japan, Architectural Foundation No.3 of the Northern Wei Palace Found at Han-Wei Luoyang City, Henan ……………………………………………………………………………(3)
Archaeology Department, Zhengzhou University et al., Excavation to the Yangshao Culture Remains of Gouwan Site at Xichuan County, Henan …………………………………………( 7 )
South-North Water Transfer (SNWT) Office, Henan Provincial Cultural Heritage Administration, Excavation to the Longshan Culture City Site at Xijincheng, Bo’ai County, Henan……………………………………………………………………………………………( 22)
SNWT Office, Henan Provincial Cultural Heritage Administration, Excavation to the Eastern Zhou Burials of Machuan Cemetery at Xichuan County, Henan……... ………………………( 36 )
Wu, Xianzhu et al., The Discoveries and Researches on the Remains of Hominid Use of Fire in Paleolithic Age……………….……………………………………………………………… ( 57)
Zhang, Guoshuo and Wei, Jiyin, On the Nature and Ethnic Identity of Taosi Culture…………………………………………………………..……………………………( 66 )
Jiang Xiaochun, study on the Beginning of Bronze Age in China…………………………(76)
Zhang, Aibing and Lu, Qinyi, The Date and Nature of the Bronze Vessels of the Late Shang Dynasty Unearthed at Southern Anhui ……………………………………………………… ( 84 )
 
 
Architectural Foundation No.3 of the Northern Wei Palace Found at Han-Wei Luoyang City, Henan
Key words: Han-Wei Luoyang City  Northern Wei Dynasty Palace City  Architectural Foundation No.3
Absract: In 2009, the Sino-Japanese Joint Archaeological Team recovered the large-sized rammed-earth Building Foundation III in the south of the Northern Wei palace city. This foundation is located to the north of  Changhe consisting of the large-sizes rammed-earth foundation, the rammed-earth partitions and column network composed of rammed-earth plinths and column pits. The side doors on the eastern and western sides, the rammed-earth foundations of anxiliary buildings and the grounds on the southern and northern sides of the main body and imperial path to its south comprised the architectural complex unit together. Most of the titles unearthed in this excavation were the polished tiles of the Northern Wei Dynasty, while some tiles made in the Han and Western Jin Dynasty were also found. Referred to the stratigraphic relations, the building foundation is inferred to be constructed and mainly used in the Northern Wei Dynasty, and partly extended and used in the last phase of the Northern Dynasties.
 
 
Excavation to the Yangshao Culture Remains of Gouwan Site at Xichuan County, Henan
Keywords: Henan; Xichuan County; Gouwan Site; Yangshao Culture; Settlements Surrounded by Ditches; Periodization; Chronology
Abstract: From July 2007 through July 2009, Department of Archaeology, History College, Zhengzhou University conducted archaeological excavation to Gouwan Site at Xichuan County, Henan Province. The excavation recovered large amounts of remains and relics of Neolithic Age, the particularly important ones of which were two surrounding ditches in different dates and sizes. This discovery filled a blank on the prehistoric settlement archaeology in the middle reaches of Han River. Based on the stratigraphical relations, the assemblages, features and evolution patterns of the unearthed artifacts, the remains of Yangshao Culture in this site could be divided into four phases, the dates of which roughly included the later stage of early Yangshao Culture to the early stage of late Yangshao Culture.
 
 
Excavation to the Longshan Culture City Site at Xijincheng, Bo’ai County, Henan
Keywords: Henan; Bo’ai County; Xijincheng Site; Longshan Culture; City Site
Abstract: During the years 2006 to 2008, South-North Water Transfer Office, Henan Provincial Cultural Heritage Administration conducted archaeological excavation to Longshan Culture remains of Xijincheng Site at Bo’ai County, Henan Province. A city site of Longshan Age covering 30.8 ha was found in the north of this site, and the location of this excavation was outside this city site, the uncovered area of which was 5200 sq m. In the excavated area, the remains of city wall, ditch (moat), ach pit and well were revealed, as well as some pottery wares and stone implements, the cultural features of all of which were that of the middle and late phases of Central Plains Longshan Culture. Remains of crops such as millet, rice and wheat were also recovered in the excavated area, which were all academically valuable for the researches on the man-land relationship in the Central Plains at the incipient stage of civilization.
 
 
Excavation to the Eastern Zhou Burials of Machuan Cemetery at Xichuan County, Henan
Keywords:
Abstract: In the years 2007 to 2008, South-North Water Transfer Office, Henan Provincial Cultural Heritage Administration conducted archaeological excavation to Machuan Cemetery at Xichuan County, Henan Province, which recovered about 300 burials from the Eastern Zhou Period to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The over 100 Eastern Zhou burials were preserved rather well, all of which were rectangular shaft pit tombs and few of them had stepped or ramped passageways. Most of the tombs were furnished with single wooden coffin, with some excaptions having an out coffin and a coffin. Most of the burials were in supine extended individual position. Most of the grave goods were potteries, and some burials had bronze weapons and personal ornaments such as beads unearthed. The discovery of these tombs provided new data for establishing the development sequence of local archaeological cultures in the Eastern Zhou Period.
 
The Discoveries and Researches on the Remains of Hominid Use of Fire in Paleolithic Age
Keywords: Hominid Use of Fire; Origination; Remains of Use of Fire; Paleolithic Age; Experimental Analysis
Abstract: The invention of controlled use of fire is greatly meaningful for the progress of mankind. To date, the reliable evidences of the origination of hominid use of fire were found in Asia, including the Acheulean Culture site in Israel and Zhoukoudian Site in China, both of which are dated as 700,000 BP. The remains of hominid use of fire in Paleolithic Age include charcoal debris, burnt strata, bones and plant remains, ash deposits, hearth, fire pit and so on. Very few of this kind of remains of early Paleolithic Age have been found so far, and the confirmation of the evidence of hominid use of fire needs experimental techniques. In China, plenty of remains of hominid use of fire have been found. Paying more attention to the archaeological discoveries of remains of hominid use of fire and strengthening laboratory experiments and analyses to these remains will greatly contribute to the researches on the history of the invention and diffusion of hominid use of fire.
 
 
On the Nature and Ethnic Identity of Taosi Culture
Keywords: Taosi Culture; Nature; Ethnic Identity; Yao (尧, Legendary Ruler); Shun (舜, Legendary Ruler); Yu (禹, Legendary Ruler)
Abstract: The early, middle and late phases of Taosi Culture were three different development stages of the same archaeological culture, but comparing each other, we realize that the middle phase had obvious changes from the early phase, while the late phase did so from the middle phase. Taosi Culture did not belong to the scope of Xia Culture but was a compound culture centered by Taotang陶唐 Clan and including Youyu有虞 Clan, Zhou Clan, Xia Clan and cultural elements of other ethnic groups. Taosi area was the central settlement of Yao, who belonged to Taotang Clan, and also the politic center of the “League of the Neighboring Regions at Henan, Shaanxi and Shanxi”. The reason of the changes occurred in the middle phase of Taosi Culture was mainly that the Youyu Clan (Shun) replaced Taotang Clan (Yao) as the chief of the league; the reason of the severe and violent changes and the decline of Taosi City Site would be the results of the politic subversion done by Xia Clan (Yu).
 
 
study on the Beginning of Bronze Age in China
Keywords: Bronze Age--China--History; Early Bronzes
Abstract: Defining the beginning of Bronze Age in China is an important academic issue. In the past, most of the scholars tend to believe that the Bronze Age in China began at about the 21st century BCE. However, the archaeological discoveries to date showed that the Bronze Age began at different times in different regions of China. In the northwestern region, Qijia Culture entered Bronze Age at the late Xia to the Early Shang Dynasties; Siba Culture, at the middle Xia to the early Shang; Linya Cemetery, at about 19th to 13th centuries BCE. In the North China, Xiajiadian Culture (Lower Phase) entered Bronze Age at the late Xia to the Shang Dynasties, and Zhukaigou Culture entered Bronze Age at the Early Shang Dynasty. In the Central Plains, Erlitou Culture entered Bronze Age in about 16th century BCE.
 
 
The Dates and Natures of the Bronze Vessels of the Late Shang Dynasty Unearthed at Southern Anhui
Keywords: Southern Anhui; Shang Dynasty; Bronze Vessels; Periodization; Chronology
Abstract: Based on the analyses to the assemblages, types and decorative patterns, the bronze Jue-cup and Jia-pitcher with animal mask designs unearthed at Tongling City could be dated as the late phase of Erligang Culture; the Ding-tripod with “cloud pattern” and conical legs unearthed at Langxi County could be dated as the late phase of Erligang Culture to the early phase of Yinxu Period; the Yan-steamers with animal mask pattern unearthed at Shexian and Fanchang Counties and Tongling City and the Lei-vessel with scroll pattern unearthed at Dongzhi County could be dated as the lat phase of Yinxu Period to the early Western Zhou Dynasty. The sequential discoveries of bronzes with features of the Central Plains and from the Erlitou Culture to Yinxu Period in the region between the Huai and the Yangtze Rivers may figure out the outlined southward advancing route of the Xia and Shang Civilizations from the Central Plains to the Yangtze River Valley; the location for them to cross the Yangtze River would have been at along the bank through Wangjiang, Congyang and Wuwei Counties, Dongzhi, Guichi, Tongling and Fanchang to the south of which across the Yangtze River were just the core area of the copper mines in the southern Anhui.
 
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