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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
Kaogu 2010-4
From:Chinese archaeology  Writer:  Date:2010-08-20

 

First Henan Archaeological Team, Institute of Archaeology, CASS, Excavation to
Huizui Site at Yanshi City, Henan in 2006.…..………………………………( 3 )
Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology et al., The Exca-
vation of Tomb No.1 of Leijiashan Cemetery at Huili County, Sichuan...…. ( 14 )
Shanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology et al., Preliminary Report on the Excavation of the Kiln Site at Shifeng Village, Xiaxian County, Shanxi..….. ( 28)
Hengyang Municipal Bureau of Cultural Relics, two Brick-chamber Tombs of the Eastern Han Dynasty at Xinglong Village, Hengyang City, Hunan..….. ..….. ( 38)
Anyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, The Excavation of  Tomb No.8 of the Sui Dynasty at Zhidu Village, Anyang City, Henan …( 48 )
Luan, Fengshi, A Preliminary Discussion on the White Pottery of the Prehistoric Haidai Region..….………………………………………………………… ( 58 )
Yangjianhua, The Swords with Trident-shaped Guard and the History of the Cultural Communication in the Western China………………………………………( 71 )
Zhao, Bingqing, The Relationship between the Ba and Chu States of the Eastern Zhou Period Reflected from the Remains of Chu Culture in the Three Gorges Region...............................................................................................................( 79 )
Hua, Jueming, Comparison of Lost-Wax Casting between Ancient China and the West -- and Comments on the Opinion That There Was No Lost-Wax Process in Pre-Qin Period……………………………………………………...……………………………… ( 87 )

Excavation to Huizui Site at Yanshi City, Henan in 2006
Keywords:Henan    Yanshi City    Huizui Site    Remains of Yangshao Culture
Stone Industry
Abstract:To obtain more details of the stone industry of Huizui Site in Yangshao Period and detect the relationship and differences between the stone industry of this period and that of Longshan and Erlitou Periods, and to understand the living and working situations of the people at that time, we conducted the fourth excavation to this site in 2006. The excavation shows that in Yangshao Period, the stone implement production at Huizui Site was in a rather small scale, the raw material of which was mainly the pebbles gathered from the Liujian River nearby the site. The sharp contrast of the scales and materials of stone industries between this period and that of Longshan and Erlitou Periods, which were specialized stone shovel manufacture industry and the oolitic dolomite quarried from Mount Song, showed that the social pattern of the latter had new features somehow different from that of Yangshao Period.
 
 
The Excavation of Tomb No. 1 of Leijiashan Cemetery at Huili County, Sichuan
Keywords:Sichuan     Huili County     Tomb No. 1 of Leijiashan Cemetery   
Bronze Age
Abstract: The Tomb No. 1 of Leijiashan Cemetery excavated in 2006 was a rectangular earthen shaft tomb. The grave was severely damaged and burial furniture and the skeleton of the tomb occupant were missing, but many grave goods were recovered. Pottery took the bulk of the grave goods, followed by stone implements. The pottery Dou-stemmed bowls, cups with ring feet, pot-shaped wares with single handle and Zun-shaped wares had unique shapes and decorative patterns, which showed strong local features. This tomb was dated in the Spring-and-Autumn Period. Its peculiar burial custom and rich grave goods provided important archaeological materials to research the burial customs during the Bronze Age at the upper reaches of the Chenghe River Valley, and its rich cultural connotation exhibited the pluralism of the bronze culture in this region.
 
 
Preliminary Report on the Excavation of the Kiln Site at Shifeng Village, Xiaxian County, Shanxi
Keywords:Shanxi    Xiaxian County    Shifeng Kiln Site    Han Dynasty  
Piled Casting Molds of Wuzhu Coins
Abstract:In 2001, the kiln site of the Han Dynasty at Shifeng Village was excavated. The shape of the kilns in this site was very special, which were arranged in north-south direction, and two kilns shared one operation pit. These two kilns were pit-shaped mold-baking kilns. Kiln Y1 was not used for long time, and the construction of Y2 was not completed. In addition to the bricks, tiles and potteries in various types, large amounts of slag, fragments of crucibles and pottery molds and other relics related to foundry were recovered in the kiln site; among them, the pottery molds for casting iron Wuzhu coins were popular, and hexagonal and circular struts were also seen. The remains and unearthed artifacts showed that these kilns were constructed in the late Western Han Dynasty, and they were private workshops rather than official kilns.
 
 
Two Brick-chamber Tombs of the Eastern Han Dynasty at Xinglong Village, Hengyang City, Hunan
Keywords:  Hunan  Hengyang City  Brick-chamber Tombs  Eastern Han Dynasty
Abstract:  In 2004, two brick-chamber tombs of the Eastern-Han Dynasty were excavated in Xinglong Village, Hengyang City, Hunan Province. Both tombs are in rectangular plan and with vaulted ceilings, the M1 of  which has ante-and rear-chambers and the M2, single chamber with tunnel-shaped entrance. The grave goods are mainly potteries, including stoneware and earthware, the former of which are mostly pratical utensils and the latter, funeral objects. Wuzhu coins and inscribed bricks with dates:“元和四年七月廿日 (the fourth year of  Yuanhe Era, the twentieth day of the seventh month, 87 CE ) ” and “永元三年八月一日( the third year ofi Yongyuan Era, the first day of the eighth month,91 CE)” are also unearthed from M2, providing important data for the chronological study of these tombs. These two tombs would have been buried in the early Eastern Han Dynasty.
 
 
The Excavation of Tomb No. 8 of the Sui Dynasty at Zhidu Village, Anyang City, Henan
Keywords:Henan     Anyang City    Zhidu Village    Brick-chambered Mural Tomb Late Sui Dynasty
Abstract:In 2008, a well preserved tomb of the Sui Dynasty was excavated to the south of Zhidu Village, Long’an District, Anyang. It was a large single-chambered brick mural tomb in a T-shaped overall plan, consisting of a long ramped passageway, a tunnel leading to the tomb chamber, niches and a tomb chamber. Most of the murals in the tomb chamber were damaged, but a large set of grave goods were yielded, including porcelains, potteries and Sui Wuzhu coins. The most noticeable are a set of porcelain maid figurines and musical band figurines, which are very rare and valuable artistically, archaeologically and scientifically. This tomb is dated in the late Sui Dynasty and its occupant would be a high-ranked official.
 
 
A Preliminary Discussion on the White Pottery of the Prehistoric Haidai Region
Keywords: Haidai Region     Neolithic Age    White Pottery     Ritual Vessels Diffusion and Spreading
Abstract:Haidai Region is one of the two main distribution areas of white pottery in the Neolithic Age of China. In this region, white pottery was mainly popular in 5000-4000 BP; the white pottery wares in this region had distinctive features: they were made of Kaolin clay and baked in high temperature, their types were reducing gradually during this time, and their most significant type is Gui-pitcher in unique shapes. The white pottery wares were recovered mostly in large- and middle-sized sites, and moreover, from large- and middle-sized burials, showing that they had natures of ritual vessels, the existence and absence and the amounts of which in a tomb or site were indicators of social differentiation. Meanwhile, white pottery was diffused and spread into the Central Plains, the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River and the region in present-day northern Henan and middle and southern Hebei Provinces and other areas along with the external communication of Dawenkou and Longshan Cultures, and finally inherited by the Xia and Shang Cultures in later times.
 
 
The Swords with Trident-shaped Guard and the History of the Cultural Communication in the Western China
Keywords:Swords with Trident-shaped Guard  Northwestern China  Southwestern China   Cultural Communication
Abstract: Bronze swords with trident-shaped guard have been found in Northwestern China, the Zone of Qin Culture and Southwestern China. Some scholars have pointed out that this kind of swords were introduced from the Northwest to the Southwest; this paper makes typological classification and chronological dating to the bronze swords  with trident-shaped guard unearthed in Northwestern China and compares them with their counterparts found in Southwestern China in terms of typology and chronology, and draws the conclusion that the diffusion of bronze swords with trident-shaped guard was a constant progression from the Eastern Zhou Period to the Han Dynasty during which the Qin Culture played a significant role. This type of swords took different proportions of bronze swords in different regions of Southwestern China, and had different influences to these regions.
 
 
The Relationship between the Ba and Chu States in the Eastern Zhou Period Reflected from the Remains of Chu Culture in the Three Gorges Region
Keywords:Three Gorges Region       Remains of Chu Culture      Eastern Zhou Period    Ba-Chu Relationship
Abstract: The so-called Three Gorges Region refers to the area to the east of Sichuan Basin, which was the zone along the Yangtze River in Chongqing Municipality and the west of Hubei Province. The archaeological discoveries in recent years revealed the plentiful and diversified ancient cultures in this region, especially the mutual influences between the Ba and Chu Cultures during the Eastern Zhou Period. With the reference of the historic literatures, the researches on the remains of Chu Culture could concretely explain the relationship between Ba and Chu States in the Eastern Zhou Period. The traditional opinion was that the western border of Chu Culture was in Badong County and the Wushan Mountains were the boundary of the Ba and Chu States; however, the remains of Chu Culture recently found in the Three Gorges Region clearly showed that in the middle Warring-States Period, the Chu people had reached present-day Yunyang and Zhongxian Counties. The changes of the relationship between the Ba and Chu States were decided by political intentions and economic interests.
 
 
Comparison of Lost-Wax Casting between Ancient China and the West -- and Comments on the Opinion That There Was No Lost-Wax Process in Pre-Qin Period
Keywords:China        Pre-Qin Period       Bronze Founding       Lost-wax Process
Abstract:Based on the analyses to the ancient literatures, the investigations to the traditional techniques, the examinations and restoration experiments to the unearthed artifacts, this paper introduced the technical characteristics of the lost-wax (“cire perdue”) process applied in the bronze founding techniques of ancient China and made systematic commentaries to the proposition of “There was no lost-wax process in pre-Qin Period”. In the archaeological discoveries of the past years, many bronze artifacts cast in the Spring-and-Autumn and Warring-States Periods with lost-wax process have been brought to light. Through the scientific examination to these artifacts, we can confirm that lost-wax technique has long history and splendid achievements in China, and the proposition of so-called “There was no lost-wax process in pre-Qin Period” is absolutely groundless.
 
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