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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu 2006-7
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2006-10-17

 

(Archaeology)

No. 7, 2006

 

Main Contents

 

Archaeological ,Antiquarian and Museological College, Peking University,

et al, Prehistoric Donghulin Site in Mentougou District, Beijing  City--------

----------------------------- ----------------------------- -------------------------------------  (3)

Hunan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Neolithic

    Gaomiao Site in Hongjiang City, Hunan ------------------------(9)

Shanxi Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology et al.,

Western Zhou Cemetery at Hengshui in Jiangxian County,

Shanxi ------------------------------------------------------(16)

Institute of Archaeology, Nanjing Museum, et al., Earthen-mounted Tombs of

the Zhou Period in Jurong and Jintan Cities, Jiangsu --------(22)

Xinjiang Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Liushui Cemetery of the Bronze

Age in Yutian County, Xinjiang ------------------------------(31)

Xi’an Tang City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Danfengmen Gate-site of

    Daminggong Palace, Tang Chang’an City in Xi’an City -------------------------(39)

Zhang Xuelian, 13C and 15N Analyses Applied in the Study of Ancient Man’s Diet

    and Their New Advances  -----------------------------------------------------------(50)

Correspondent of the Present Journal, A Summary of theArchaeological

Forum, CASS: New Discoveries in Chinese Archaeology during

2005”and the Conversation on the Archaeological Forum and the

Propaganda and  Exchange of Archaeological Accomplishments”--

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(57) 

14C Laboratory of the Archaeological Science and Techniques Experiment

and Research Center, IA, CASS, 14C Dates (XXXII) ---------------------------------(65)

Hu Yaowu et al., A Study of the Depollution of the Hydroxyapatite in Ancient

    Human Bones ---------------------------------------------------------------------------(68)

Zhang Jun and Zhu Zhangyi, Examination of Late Neolithic Human Bones

from the Shijiefang Site in Chengdu City ----------------------(75)

Li Xiaoqin and Han Rubin, Analysis of the Technology of Bronzes from

the Haimenkou Site in Jianchuan County, Yunnan, and Their Date -----------------------------------------------------------------(80)

Wu Xiaoping, Book Review:Archaeology-geography in the lower valley -----

-----------------------------------------------------------------(86)


Archaeological and Museological College, Peking University, et al,  Prehistoric

Donghulin Site in Mentougou District, Beijing City   

    KEY WORDSBeijing    Donghulin site    early Neolithic Age   

ABSTRACT: The Donghulin site is located to the west of Donghulin Village in Mentougou District, Beijing City, lying on the third terrace of the northern bank of the Qingshui River. It is an important early Neolithic site and dates from round 10,000 BP. During three seasons of excavation in 2001, 2003 and 2005, tombs, ash-pits, fireplaces and other vestiges were revealed along with abundant objects, including chipped stone implements, microliths, polished stone tools and pottery, bone and shell artifacts, as well as various animal and plant remains. The well-preserved human skeletons from the tombs constitute a batch of valuable data to studying early Neolithic man in the Beijing area and even the whole North China. The discovery of the site also has great significance to further research into the evolution of early Neolithic cultures in North China and the relationships between them.

 

 

 

Hunan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Neolithic Gaomiao Site in Hongjiang City, Hunan

KEY WORDS: Hunan    Gaomiao site    Gaomiao culture    Daxi culture

ABSTRACT: The Gaomiao site lies at Yanli Village of Chatou Township in Anbian Town, Hongjiang City, Hunan Province. In 1991, 2004 and 2005, the Hunan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology carried out here three seasons of excavation by revealing an total area of 1,700 sq m. This is a Neolithic shell-mount site with a lower and an upper cultural layers. The lower deposits belong to the “Gaomiao” culture and date from ca. 7800—6800 BP. The remains include a large-sized sacrificial place, tombs and house-foundations, as well as a large amount of fine pottery of white ware and that with complex designs. The upper layer can be attributed to the Daxi culture and dated to ca. 6300—5300 BP. It contains a lot of house-foundations and tombs, including two joint side-by-side burials with jade grave goods. Among the unearthed objects are quantities of pottery vessels and stone and bone implements.  

 

 

Shanxi Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology et al., Western Zhou Cemetery at Hengshui in Jiangxian County, Shanxi

KEY WORDS: Shanxi    Hengshui cemetery    Western Zhou period   

            Peng State

ABSTRACTS: The Hengshui cemetery is situated in the west of Hengbei Village of Hengshui Town in Jiangxian County, Shanxi Province. Since December 2004, the Shanxi Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and other institutions has carried out there a large-scale excavation. By the end of 2005, above 110 tombs had been revealed,and a great number of bronze ritual objects and horse-and-chariot trappings, pottery vessels, lacquered wooden articles and jades had been unearthed. Tombs M1 and M2 are side-by-side joint burial pits for a couple. They are large in scale and rich in grave goods, with a well-preserved “burial curtain” remaining in M1. According to the inscribed bronzes unearthed, the owner of M2 must have been the Peng earl of the middle Western Zhou period, approximately the late Mu king reign, and that of M1, his wife. The whole cemetery can be firmly attributed to the Peng State.   

 

 

 

Institute of Archaeology, Nanjing Museum, et al., Earthen-mounted Tombs of the Zhou Period in Jurong and Jintan Cities, Jiangsu

KEY WORDS: Jiangsu    earthen-mounted tombs     Zhou period

ABSTRACTS: In April to September 2005, the Institute of Archaeology, Nanjing Museum, carried out a large-scale excavation to explore  earthen-mounted tombs at Jurong Tianwangsi and Jintan Xuebu. They excavated 40 earthen mounts, revealed 233 tombs, unearthed 229 groups of sacrificial objects, discovered the remains of 14 burial buildings, and found more than 3,800 celadon vessels and other cultural relics. The excavation results greatly enriched the knowledge of the cultural connotation of earthen-mounted tombs in South China, clarified a lot of previously unsolved mysteries in academic circles, made important breakthroughs in the shape, structure and burial and sacrificial  customs of earthen- mounted tombs, and at the same time provided detailed reliable first-hand material for studying the origin, evolution, periodization and regionalization of these burials.

 

 

 

Xinjiang Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Liushui Cemetery of the Bronze Age in Yutian County, Xinjiang

KEY WORDS: Xinjiang    Liushui cemetery    stone-barrowed tombs   

           Stone-enclosed tombs    Bronze Age

ABSTRACT: In 2003 to 2005, the Center of Archaeological Researches on Borderland, IA, CASS, carried out excavation in the Liushui cemetery in Yutian County, Xinjiang. The excavated 65 tombs are all earthen pits with stone barrows or enclosures on the surface, and contain multi-person secondary burials in most cases, generally with animal bones as remains of funeral objects. Among the rest of grave goods are pottery vessels with incised design, metal ornaments in the Skythian style and distinctive bronzes, jades and stone artifacts. The cemetery is the first group of Bronze Age tombs and the earliest cultural remains archaeologists have discovered at the northern foot of the Kunlun Mountains. It provided scientific data for researching into the cultural aspect of the local inhabitants in the first millennium BC.

 

 

 

Xi’an Tang City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Danfengmen Gate-site of Daminggong Palace, Tang Chang’an City in Xi’an City

KEY WORDS: Xi’an     Tang Chang’an City     Daminggong Palace   

              Danfengmen Gate-site

ABSTRACT: In September to December 2005, the Xi’an Tang City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, excavated the ruined Danfengmen Gate, the middle southern gate of Daminggong Palace in Tang Chang’an City, by revealing an area of nearly 8,000 sq m. The gate was of five-passageway structure, in the super-grade city-gate style in ancient times. Its remains include the vestiges of rammed-earthen platforms, passageways, partition walls, raised roads and city walls, suggesting that the gate might have been destroyed in a catastrophic fire. Most of the unearthed objects are bricks, cylindric and flat tiles, tile-ends, glazed tiles, chiwen owl-tail ridge ornaments, button-shaped iron nails, and white porcelain shards. The excavation clarified on the whole the form of the gate and provided first-hand scientific material for studying the history of ancient Chinese architecture.      

 

 

 

Zhang Xuelian, 13C and 15N Analyses Applied in the study of Ancient Human Diet and Their New Advances

KEY WORDS: 13C    15N     ancient man’s diet

ABSTRACT: Analyses of the stable isotopes 13C and 15N remaining in ancient human bones provide direct information on man himself for studying ancient man’s diet. 13C analysis can be applied to infer man’s staple food, i.e. to determine which plant they ate, while 15N one offers evidence on man’s meat and the grade of their nutrition. The combination of 13C and 15N analyses and archaeological researches on the background of analyzed samples can rather objectively reveal ancient man’s diet. Presently, the two methods are being increasingly perfected and playing an active role in archaeological studies.              

 

 

 

Correspondent of the Present Journal, A Summary of theArchaeological Forum, CASS: New Discoveries in Chinese Archaeology during 2005” and the “Conversation on the Archaeological Forum and the Propaganda and Exchange of Archaeological Accomplishments”

KEY WORDS: Chinese archaeology       Archaeological Forum    

           new discoveries      new accomplishments

    ABSTRACT: To exhibit the newest major accomplishments in the field excavation and study of Chinese Archaeology and to promote academic exchange, theArchaeological Forum, CASS: New Discoveries in Chinese Archaeology during 2005” was held in Beijing on 10th January, 2006. At the academic lecture speakers reported the six important archaeological discoveries from the prehistoric Donghulin site in Beijing City, the Neolithic Gaomiao site in Hongjiang City, Hunan, earthen-mounted tombs of the Zhou period in Jurong and Jintan cities, Jiangsu, the Western Zhou Hengshui cemetery in Jiangxian County, Shanxi, the Bronze Age Liushui cemetery in Yutian, Xinjiang, and the Danfengmen Gate-site of Daminggong Palace in Tang Chang’an City, Xi’an, as well as recent advances in the application of 13C and 15N analyses for the study of ancient man’s diet, on all of which the attending scholars carried out deep-going discussions. At the “Conversation on the Archaeological Forum and the Propaganda and Exchange of Archaeological Accomplishments” held on 11th January, 2006, a summary was made on the successful experiences in the propaganda and exchange of archaeological achievements.

 

     

 

14C Laboratory of the Archaeological Science and Techniques Experiment and Research Center, IA, CASS, 14C Dates (XXXII)

    KEY WORDS:  14C dating   half life of 14C   archaeological sites

ABSTRACT: The present report publishes the chronological data of 21 specimens dated by the 14C Laboratory of the Archaeological Science and Techniques Experiment and Research Center, IA, CASS, in 2005. These specimens came from the following sites: Gaohongcun in Liulin County3 pieces and Gaolouhe in Jixian  County (1) of Shanxi; Xishuipo in Puyang of Henan (4); Fourth Sun Yat-sen Road in Guangzhou of Guangdong (2); Niulanshi (2), Dingshishan (3) and Lingwu (2) in Yongning County and Qiujiang in Hengxian County (2) of Guangxi; and Yongxing in Mianyang of Sichuan (2).

 

 

 

Hu Yaowu et al., A Study of the Depollution of the Hydroxyapatite in Ancient Human bones

KEY WORDS: ancient human bones    hydroxyapatite    XRD    Raman

             spectrum    ICP-AES 

ABSTRACT: The present paper reports a study of human bones unearthed from Tomb M11 on the Xigongqiao site of Dawenkou culture in Tengzhou City, Shandong. The selected samples were definitely divided into polluted and unpolluted by means of XRD and Raman spectrum analyses. Then a series of physical and chemical treatments were made on the polluted samples. The results of an ICP-AES analysis show that the Sr content in them is roughly the same as that in the unpolluted sample. This study provided a rather effective method for the depollution of the hydroxyapatite in Ancient human bones, which has important value to the investigation of ancient man’s diet.     

 

 

 

Zhang Jun and Zhu Zhangyi, Examination of Late Neolithic Human Bones from the Shijiefang Site in Chengdu City

KEY WORDS: Chengdu    Shijiefang site    late Neolithic Age   

           human bones     custom of tooth extraction

ABSTRACT: The Shijiefang site in Chengdu City belongs to the late Neolithic Baodun culture and dates from ca. 4000 BP. 13 adult individuals have been identified from the human bones discovered in the tombs of the site and identified in the paper. Among the 10 examinable jaws, three of the four male adult individuals are tooth-extracted, and for the other six female samples, only one individual shows this custom. The extracted teeth are unexceptionally a pair of upper second incisors, which shares the same form with the extraction prevailing among Neolithic peoples in other areas of China and seems to have been more popular among males.

 

 

 

Li Xiaoqin and Han Rufen, Analysis of the Technology of Bronzes from the Haimenkou Site in Jianchuan County, Yunnan, and Their Date

    KEW WORDS: Haimenkou site   bronze artifacts   technology    

           late Spring-and-Autumn period

ABSTRACT: This paper presents the results of a compositional analysis of some bronze artifacts unearthed from Jianchuan Haimenkou site of Yunnan. Pure copper and Cu-Sn and Cu-Pb alloys were identified in these artifacts by means of SEM, with the second as the dominant component. Metallographic microscope examination showed that a series of making techniques, such as casting, forging and cold working after forging, had been used by that time. It can be concluded that the artifacts analyzed belong to the Bronze Age. Based on relevant radiocarbon dates and other archaeological evidence, the paper argues that the bronze artifacts unearthed from the Haimenkou site should be attributed to the late Spring-and-Autumn period.

 

 

 

Wu Xiaoping, Book Review: Archaeo-geography in the Lower Yangtze River Valley

    KEY WORDS: archaeo-geography    archaeological remains    lower Yangtze River              valley    ecological environments

ABSTRACT: Archaeo-geography studies man’s prehistoric times without literal records, and, based mainly on analyses of archaeological remains, researches into ecological environments of that time and investigates spatial changes and evolutionary laws in prehistoric population, settlement and other material aspects. Therefore, it is extremely important to this research field to collect geographical information from archaeological remains. The lower Yangtze River valley is a sensitive zone in environment. The Archaeo-geography in the Lower Yangtze River Valley analyzes scientifically substantial remains of archaeological cultures, reconstructs ancient local ecological environments, inquires into the relationship between man and geography in certain temporal and spatial frames, and reveals in depth the interrelation of historical development with geographical settings.

 

 

 
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