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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu 2006-6
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2006-10-13

 

 

                          

(Archaeology)

No. 6, 2006

 

 

Main Contents

 

Second Henan Archaeological Team (SHAT), IA, CASS, Excavation of  

Palace-foundation 8 in the Palace-city of the Shang City at Yanshi,

Henan ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------( 3 )

SHAT, IA, CASS, Pool-site in the Palace-city of the Shang City at Yanshi,

Henan ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(13)

SHAT, IA, CASS, Excavation of 1999 in the Fourth Area of the Shang City-site

at Yanshi, Henan -----------------------------------------------------------------------(32  )

Du Jinpeng, A Preliminary Study of the No. 8 Palace-foundation on the Shang

City-site at Yanshi ----------------------------------------------------------------------(43  )

Zhu Honglin, Decipherments of the Han Inscribed Slips from Zhangjiashan ------(53  )

Zhao Binfu, On the Periodization and Date of the Lower Laoguanmiao Culture

in the Light of the Zhongba and Daxi Sites ----------------------------------------(66 )

Qin Ling and Zhang Hai, Application of the Electronic Total Station

    in Field Archaeology ------------------------------------------------------------------(73  )

   

 

Second Henan Archaeological Team (SHAT), IA, CASS, Excavation of Palace-  foundation 8 in the Palace-city of the Shang City at Yanshi, Henan

 

KEY WORDS: Shang city at Yanshi    palace-city    palace-foundation   

              date    nature

ABSTRACT: The No. 8 palace-site of the Shang city at Yanshi is located a little to the north of the center of the ruined palace-city. It was a large building for living and stood in the north-most part of the western palace complexes within the building area of the palace-city. As a detached building facing to the south, it has a rectangular plan, measuring 71 m in length from the west to the east and 7.7 m in width from the north to the south. It was built at the early second stage of the Shang culture at the Shang Yanshi city and abandoned at the middle third stage. Its foundation is laid on the ruins of the No. 10 palace built at the early first stage and abandoned at the early second stage of the Shang culture.

 

 

 

SHAT, IA, CASS, Pool-site in the Palace-city of the Shang City at Yanshi, Henan

 

KEY WORDS: Shang city at Yanshi    palace-city    pool    date

             nature 

    ABSTRACT: The pool-site in the palace-city of the Shang city at Yanshi is the earliest man-made water-drawing pool and the earliest urban irrigation system discovered so far in archaeology. It is located in the north of the palace-city, consists of a pool and remains of water channels on its eastern and western sides. The pool itself looks like an inverted truncated pyramid and measures about 128 m in length from the west to the east, 19—20 m in width and about 2 m in depth. It was built at the first stage of the Shang culture at the Shang Yanshi city, rebuilt at the late second stage with the pool walls surfaced with stones, and abandoned at the middle third stage.

 

 

SHAT, IA, CASS, Excavation of 1999 in the Fourth Area of the Shang City-site at Yanshi, Henan

 

KEY WORDS: Shang city at Yanshi    city walls    tombs    date

ABSTRACT: The fourth excavation area of the Shang Yanshi city-site lies in the northern section of the eastern city-wall for the larger sub-city of the Shang city. In 1999, an area of 1739 sq m was excavated, and remains of a city wall, a road, a moat, tombs and ash-pits were revealed there. The unearthed serial stratigraphical evidence verified that the larger sub-city and its walls in the Shang Yanshi city was built at the early second stage of the Shang culture at Yanshi. In addition, the finds from the ash-pits and other vestiges provided data for researching into the layout of buildings and the scale of handicrafts in the Shang Yanshi city.

 

 

Du Jinpeng, A Preliminary Study of the No. 8 Palace-foundation on the Shang

City-site at Yanshi   

   

    KEY WORDS: No. 8 palace in the Shang city at Yanshi    building structure

              function 

ABSTRACT: The No. 8 palace in the Shang city at Yanshi was a detached  building standing on a rammed-earth platform, facing to the south and having several rooms in a row formed by dividing the inside transversely. It must have belonged to the Shang king and his family and functioned as a dwelling house, i.e. the “living palace.” The house can be reconstructed to have timber-framed earthen walls, eight rooms in a horizontal row, and a single-eave, double-pitch and Chinese overhung gable-end roof. This is the earliest royal living palace known so far in archaeology, as well as the earliest example of the palace complex with the front for holding court and the back for living. Its discovery is of great significance to studying the palace architecture of the Shang Dynasty and has inspiring value to archaeological inquiry into the royal palace-site of the Xia period.  

 

 

 

Zhu Honglin, Decipherments of the Han Inscribed Slips from Zhangjiashan

 

KEY WORDS: Han inscribed slips    Qin inscribed slips    criminal law

ABSTRACT: The present paper studies five problems on the Han inscribed slips from Zhangjiashan. The word “xingqian 行钱” is a special term and means legal tender. “Gu” in the Ernian Lü Ling 《二年律令》(Laws and Decrees of the Second Year) does not mean prohibiting somebody from becoming officials but restricting his free actions, perhaps just shackling. “Zhan” as a legal term means cutting off the left or right toe but not the head. “Xing” refers specially to corporal punishment, including cutting of the (left or right) toe and the nose, branding the face and castration. “San huan三环” in the Qin and Han laws means three times of refusing the plaintiff or dissuading him from appeal, and advising him to consider the matter carefully. It does not mean “san yu 三宥” (three clemencies). The “bao gu 保辜” institution came into being in Qin-Han times. It was used not only in criminal laws, but also in engineering for meaning the qualitative insurance period of works.

 

 

 

Zhao Binfu, On the Periodization and Date of the Lower Laoguanmiao Culture in the Light of the Zhongba and Daxi Sites

 

KEY WORDS: Neolithic Age   Lower Laoguanmiao culture   periodization   

              date

ABSTRACT: According to the stratigraphic evidence of the Zhongba site in Zhongxian County, the Neolithic Lower Laoguanmiao culture in the Chongqing Three Gorges Reservoir area can be divided into two phases. The early phase comprises the remains of the early stage of Zhongba site, the first to third stages of the first period of Shaopengzui site, the first and second stages of the first period of Wazhadi site, and the first to third stages of Yuxiping site. The late phase includes the remains of the late stage of Zhongba site and the lower layer of Laoguanmiao site. The data of stratigraphic superimposition and typological association newly discovered on the Wushan Daxi site and the results of comparative study of Lower Laoguanmiao Culture remains with the material of Daxi culture suggest that the Lower Laoguanmian spans chronologically the middle and late Yangshao period. Its early remains correspond to the Miaodigou Culture stage of middle Yangshao and might be traced to ca. 6000 BP. The late remains correspond to the late Yangshao period or the final stage of Yangshao represented by the Banpo IV or Quanfu II stage. Their absolute date is round 5000 BP.

 

 

 

Qin Ling and Zhang Hai, Application of the Electronic Total Station in Field Archaeology

 

KEY WORDS: electronic total station      field archaeological survey and

             drawing      settlement archaeology

ABSTRACT: As a new surveying tool, the electronic total station is playing an increasingly important role in field archaeological survey and drawing. In comparison with the traditional surveying and drawing means, it shows more accurateness and effectiveness, strong real-time character, and multiformity in getting survey information. Its application in field archaeology enhances the development of field archaeological techniques and the innovation of excavation thought, and provides an important means for excavation in settlement archaeology.

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
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