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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu2006-5
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2006-07-18

                                 KAOGU

                             (Archaeology)

                                 No. 5, 2006

 

 

Main Contents

 

Shan Jixiang, On the Integral Preservation of Ancient City-sites --------------------(  )

Heilongjiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Cemetery

   of the Bronze and Early Iron Ages at Kuleqian in Nehe City, Heilongjiang ----(  )

Yantai Municipal Commission for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments and

Qixia Municipal Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Excavation

   of Eastern Zhou and Tang Wells at Pozi Village of Zhaili Town in Qixia City,

   Shandong ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------(  )

Wuhan Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Jiangxia

District Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Excavation of 

   Eastern Han Tombs at Miaoshan in Jiangxia District, Wuhan --------------------(  )

Archaeological Team of Northwest University and Wanzhou Museum,

   Excavation of Ruined Kilns of the Six Dynasties and Ming Periods on the  

   Qiaojia-yuanzi Site in Yunyang County, Chongqing -------------------------------(  )

Xu Baogui, A Decipherment of the Character “Shi” in Oracle-bone

   Inscriptions -------------------------------------------------------------------------------(  )

Li Fang, On the Molding-and-stamping Technique of the Song Period Incised

   Design Bowls from the Hutian Kiln-site ---------------------------------------------(  )

Duan Qingbo, Buildings on the Barrow of the First Qin Emperor Mausoleum:

   Also on the Historical record “Zhong Cheng Guan You中成观游” ---------------(  )

Zhao Zhijun and He Nu, Floatation Results from the Remains Excavated on    

   the Taosi Site in 2002 -------------------------------------------------------------------(  )

 

 

 

 

 

Shan Jixiang, On the Integral Preservation of Ancient City-sites  

 

KEY WORDS: ancient large city-sites    settings    integral preservation

ABSTRACT: At present, the integral preservation of ancient large city-sites and their settings should be made on the following principals: Taking multidisciplinary study as the forerunner and adopting the concept of formulating preservation plans as the first step. Taking the synthetical regulation of the settings as the breakthrough, and demolishing or moving the surface buildings that occupy the areas of the sites. Making full use of state special funds to get multiple effects and bring benefit to the present-day cities and their citizens with that the sites are concerned. Strengthening city archaeology and exhibiting city-sites to advance the effective preservation and rational use of cultural heritage. Aiming at the construction of parks with ancient large city-site, handling well the relationship between long-term interests and immediate ones and between the general situation and the partial one, and promoting the coordinated growth of social, economic and ecological effects.

 

 

 

Heilongjiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Cemetery

of the Bronze and Early Iron Ages at Kuleqian in Nehe City, Heilongjiang

 

KEY WORDS: Nehe City, Heilongjiang    Kuleqian cemetery    earthen-pit

              tombs    Bronze to early Iron ages  

ABSTRACT: In 2002, the Heilongjiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology carried out excavation in the Kuleqian cemetery in Nehe City, Heilongjiang. They revealed 52 earthen-pit tombs, which contain no coffins but seriously rotten human skeleton of primary or secondary burial. There are graves of two phases. The early tombs belong to the Bronze Age, dating from the mid and late Spring-Autumn period, and yielded pottery, bronze, stone, jade and agate artifacts, numbering 69 pieces. The late tombs belong to the early Iron Age, dating from the Han-Wei period, and yielded 78 pottery, bronze, iron, bone, stone and jade objects. The excavation will greatly advance the study and establishment of the chronological sequence and evolutionary pedigree of archaeological cultures in the Nenjiang River valley.

 

 

   

Yantai Municipal Commission for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments and

Qixia Municipal Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments,

   Excavation of Eastern Zhou and Tang Wells at Pozi Village of Zhaili Town in   

   Qixia City, Shandong  

 

KEY WORDS: Qixia City, Shandong    wells    Eastern Zhou period

              Tang period

ABSTRACT: In 1999, the Yantai Municipal Commission for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments along with another institution excavated wells of the Eastern Zhou and Tang periods at Pozi Village of Zhaili Town in Qixia City, Shandong. The four wells revealed are all cylindric earthen shafts, with Well 4 protected by a brick wall. The objects they yielded are all pottery. Among them the clay jars from Wells 1—3 date from the Eastern Zhou period and suggest the wells to have been for daily use, and the sandy jars from Well 4 go back to the Tang period and indicate that this well was for farming. The excavation provided material data for researching into the then local social and economic conditions.

 

 

                   

Wuhan Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Jiangxia

District Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Excavation of

Eastern Han Tombs at Miaoshan in Jiangxia District, Wuhan

 

KEY WORDS: Wuhan City, Hubei       Miaoshan       brick tombs  

              Eastern Han period

ABSTRACT: In 2002, the Wuhan Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology along with another institution excavated two large-sized multi-room brick tombs of the Eastern Han period at Miaoshan in Jiangxia District, Wuhan. Tomb M1 has a “”-shaped plan and consists of a passage, a gate, a corridor and several rooms: an anteroom, a side room to its north, two ones to its south, and a rear room. M11 looks like the character “” in plan and has a passage, a gate, a corridor with two ear rooms on its sides, a central chamber with four rooms equally arranged on its eastern and western sides, and two back rooms. The unearthed objects include pottery, porcelain, bronzes, iron-ware, gold and silver ornaments, and a large number of copper coins. The excavation is of certain significance to studying the history and culture of this area in the Eastern Han period.

 

 

 

Archaeological Team of Northwest University and Wanzhou Museum,   Excavation of Ruined Kilns of the Six Dynasties and Ming Periods on the Qiaojia-yuanzi Site in Yunyang County, Chongqing

 

KEY WORDS: Yunyang County, Chongqing    Qiaojia-yuanzi site    ruined

              kilns    Six Dynasties period    Ming period

ABSTRACT: In 2001, the Archaeological Team of Northwest University along with another institution carried out excavation on the Qiaojia-yuanzi site in Yunyang County, Chongqing. They discovered and excavated four pottery-making kilns: three belonging to the Six Dynasties period and one to the Ming period. The former are square or rectangular in plan and have flues at the back wall. They yielded quantities of pottery and brick and tile fragments, as well as a few stone, porcelain, bronze and iron objects. The latter is round in plan and has semi-circular flues in the rear half of the furnace, and yielded brick and tile fragments. The discovery of these kiln-sites is of great importance to researching into the structural evolution of pottery-firing kilns.

 

 

 

Xu Baogui, A Decipherment of the Character “Shi” in Oracle-bone Inscriptions

 

KEY WORDS: oracle-bone inscriptions    character “Shi   

             animal “Xiu Hao Shi修豪豕

ABSTRACT: The present paper makes a decipherment of the character “Shi

in oracle-bone inscriptions. The author believes it to be a single-bodied hieroglyph in the shape of the animal “Xiu Hao Shi修豪豕” and, in oracular inscriptions, to mean an animal for victim selection in its literal sense. The successful decipherment of the character will correct its wrong interpretation in the Shuo Wen 《说文》(A Study of Principles of Composition of Chinese Characters).

 

 

 

Li Fang, On the Molding-and-stamping Technique of the Song Period Incised Design Bowls from the Hutian Kiln-site

 

KEY WORDS: Jingdezhen    Hutian kiln-site    incised design bowls       

              Molding-and-stamping technique    Song period       

ABSTRACT: In 1993 and 1999, two Song period shadowy-blue-glazed bowls with “incised design” were unearthed from the Hutian kiln-site, Jingdezhen. These objects, however, are distinctly different from usually seen incised design bowls from the Song period. The outer wall has no design and is coated with shadowy blue glaze, while the inner wall bears “incised designs” but has no glaze. These objects should not assigned to the generally called Song incised design bowl of Hutian ware. They are actually molds with incised design, from which models with the same design can be made. By using the latter repeatedly in the shaping course of porcelain bowls, the incised design can be reproduced on the corresponding part of products.

 

 

 

Duan Qingbo, Buildings on the Barrow of the First Qin Emperor Mausoleum:

Also on the Historical record “Zhong Cheng Guan You中成观游

 

KEY WORDS: mausoleum of the first Qin emperor    buildings on barrow

              timber structures    Qin period

ABSTRACT: The mausoleum of the first Qin emperor has a barrow shaped like a truncated pyramid. It has all along drawn attention from various fields whether there were ritual buildings, such as a memorial temple, on the mound and what they looked like. Owing to the limitation of available archaeological data, a series of related problems, including their function, shape and building course, can not be studied in depth, Based on previous archaeological work, it was discovered in 2002, during the course of carrying out the state-organized 863 project of “Prospecting the Qin Mausoleum with the Remote Sensing and Geophysical Techniques,” that in the barrow, there are terraced-wall-shaped rammed-earth platforms measuring 30 m in height from the ancient ground and forming a circle round the tomb pit, atop which are buildings covered with semi-cylindrical and flat tiles. These structures must be a portrayal of the record “Hong Cheng Guan You中成观游” in the History of the Han《汉书》.

 

 

 

Zhao Zhijun and He Nu, Floatation Results from the Remains Excavated on the   

Taosi Site in 2002   

  

    KEY WORDS: Taosi city-site    plant remains    floatation   

    ABSTRACT: The present paper reports and analyzes the results of the floatation work carried out during the excavation on the Taosi site in 2002. Altogether 47 samples were collected and rich plant remains were discovered, including charred wood, tubes and more than ten thousand seeds. The majority of charred plant seeds belong to cultivated cereals, i.e. foxtail millet (Setaria italica), broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum) and rice (Oryza sativa). The foxtail millet is dominant according to the percentage of absolute count (93.5of the total) and the rate of occurrence (94%). The broomcorn millet is also abundant although less than the foxtail millet. This indicates that Taosi agriculture was characterized by millets as the main crops. The charred rice grains are not so many (only 30 seeds) but their discovery is significant to the study of the spread of rice farming from the south to the north in the late Neolithic Age. It is worth noting that 13 charred seeds found from the samples look like barley morphologically. If they can be confirmed as barley eventually, it will be very important to researching into the origin of barley in China.

 

 

 

 
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