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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu2006-4
From: Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2006-07-18

 

(Archaeology)

No. 4, 2006

 

 

Main Contents

 

Yuan Shenglong et al., Remains of the Late Dawenkou Culture on the Beitan Site in Feicheng City, Shandong----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------( 3 )

Qin Jianming et al., Survey of the dam works site at the Head of the Zhengguoqu

Canal in the Qin State ----------------------------------------------------------------( 12 )

Xuzhou Museum, Excavation of Tomb No. 8 on Mt. Houluo in Xuzhou City,

Jiangsu -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (22 )

Science and Technology History and Scientific and Technological Archaeology

Tang Luoyang City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Site of the Xuanzhengmen

Gate of Sui and Tang Luoyang City, Henan --------------------------------------( 31 )

Department, China Science and Technology University, et al., Excavation of the

Porcelain-making Kiln Site at Kejiachong in Fanchang, Anhui ---------------( 37 )

Wang Shejiang and Shen Chen, A Study of the Settlement Pattern of Early

Paleolithic Sites in the Luonan Basin ----------------------------------------------( 49 )

Wang Qing and Zhu Jiping, Restudy of the Use and Producing Areas of the

Shang and Zhou Helmet-shaped Objects Unearthed from Northern

Shandong ------------------------------------------------------------------------------( 61 )

Li Longjiang, On the Date of the Remains with “”-shaped design Pottery in

Guangdong and Guangxi and the Han Tombs at Guangzhou ------------------( 69 )

Wang Zhongshu, On the “Second Jingchu Year” in the “Biography of the

Dongyi (Wo ) People” in the History of the Wei Kingdom of the Records

on the Three Kingdoms as the Error of the “Third JingchuYear” --------------( 81 )

Zhu Hong et al., A Study of Neolithic Human Skulls from Wadian in Yuzhou

City, Henan ----------------------------------------------------------------------------( 87 )

 

    

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yuan Shenglong et al., Remains of the Late Dawenkou Culture on the Beitan Site in Feicheng

City, Shandong

关键词:北坦遗址  陶器  石器  大汶口文化晚期

KEY WORDSBaitan site    pottery objects    stone implements    late Dawenkou  culture

ABSTRACT: In 1974, more than 280 objects of the Dawenkou culture were unearthed from the site at Beitan Village during a farmland capital construction. There are the pottery tripods ding and gui, flask, small pot, broad-shouldered pot, cup, small jar, bottle, vat, lid, he pot, spindle-whorl and arrowhead, as well as the stone axe, yue battle axe, wedge, hoe, adze, sickle, awl, grinding stone, ball and spindle whorl. As these objects resemble those from the Dawenkou cemetery, Xixiahou site and Jianxin site, the Beitan site can be dated to the middle and late Dawenkou culture.

 

 

Qin Jianming et al., Survey of the dam works site at the Head of the Zhengguoqu

Canal in the Qin State

关键词:郑国渠首拦河大坝  结构  古代水利工程技术

KEY WORDS: dam at the head of the Zhengguoqu Canal    structure

              ancient hydraulic engineering techniques

ABSTRACT: The Zhengguoqu Canal was the large-scale irrigation works the Qin State built in the present-day Guanzheng area of Shaanxi in the third century BC. Through archaeological survey, the dam-site at its head has been discovered along with other remains of the whole system, such as the vestiges of water division outlets, spillways and water retreat channels. The remaining dam looks in section like a trapezoid and measures about 150 m in the width of the base. This is the earliest largest dam discovered so far in China. Its building represented an original architecture and reached a high scientific level, which is embodied in the location of the dam, the layout of water division works, the techniques of survey and construction and the knowledge of hydrogeology, as well as in the design of the overflow system and the selection of building materials. Its completion reflected the height of science and technology in pre-Qin China and the maturity of ancient Chinese hydraulic engineering techniques.

 

 

 

Xuzhou Museum, Excavation of Tomb No. 8 on Mt. Houlou in Xuzhou City, Jiangsu

关键词:后楼山8号汉墓  石坑竖穴洞室墓  西汉初期

KEY WORDS: Han Tomb No. 8 on Mt. Houlou    rock-cut shaft-cave tomb

             early Western Han period

ABSTRACT: In October 2000, the Xuzhou Museum excavated Han Tomb No. 8 on Mt. Houlou in Xuzhou City. This is a rock-cut shaft-cave grave, the shaft-shaped tomb-passage having a rectangular plan with the longer sides pointing to the north and south. The chamber lies below the western wall of the shaft and consists of an flat-ceiling outer room and an inner one, which is the main part of the chamber, lying to the north of the former and having a roughly rectangular plan. The funeral objects were yielded mainly from the outer room, including horse-and-chariot trappings, pottery and proto-porcelain, though a few musical instruments and bronze mirrors were brought to light from the inner room. According to their materials the grave goods can be divided into pottery, proto-porcelain, bronze-, iron- and tin-wares, jades, and bamboo and wooden articles. Their features suggest that the tomb dates from the early Western Han period.

 

 

Tang Luoyang City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Site of the Xuanzhengmen Gate of Sui and Tang Luoyang City, Henan

关键词:隋唐洛阳城  宣政门遗址  隋唐时期

KEY WORDS: Sui and Tang Luoyang City      Xuanzhengmen Gate site

             Sui-Tang periods

ABSTRACT: The Xuanzhengmen Gate was one of the five city-gates in the southern wall of the palace-city in Sui and Tang Luoyang City. And being opposite to the Chongqingmen Gate, it was a very important entrance of the palace-city. As revealed through archaeological work, its site is a single-passageway structure and the remains can be divided into two phases, which belong, respectively, to the early and late stages of the high Tang period. The gate was artificially blocked in the late Tang and expanded to the outside of the brick blockade in the Northern Song, and finally became a part of the palace-city wall. The discovery of the site provides considerably important data for reconstructing the layout of the buildings and roads in the palace-city, imperial city and eastern part of Sui and Tang Luoyang City.

 

 

Science and Technology History and Scientific and Technological Archaeology

Department, China Science and Technology University, et al., Excavation of the

Porcelain-making Kiln Site at Kejiachong in Fanchang, Anhui

关键词:安徽繁昌县 五代至北宋时期 窑址 青白瓷

KEY WORDSAnhui Fanchang County    Five Dynasties and Northern Song 

              period     kiln-site     greenish-white porcelain

ABSTRACTIn 2002, a kiln-site of Five Dynasties and Northern Song period was revealed in Fanchang County, Anhui Province. The excavation area is about 500 sq m. The vestiges discovered include a dragon-kiln foundation, a workshop foundation, two deposition-pools, and a tomb of the Song Dynasty. The kiln-site yielded a great quantity of porcelain and kiln implements. The former belongs mainly to the type of bowl and saucer; the latter, to the sagger and spur. The porcelain is coated with greenish-white glaze and often has no decorations, though a part of  products are impressed with chrysanthemum design on the inner bottom. Some kiln implements bear various inscriptions. This was one of the earliest workshops of greenish-white porcelain in ancient China. Its excavation provides very valuable material for studying the early history of greenish-white porcelain production. 

 

 

Wang Shejiang and Shen Chen, A Study of the Settlement Pattern of Early Paleolithic Sites in the Luonan Basin

关键词:洛南盆地  龙牙洞  野外地点  遗址功能  聚落形态

KEY WORDS: Luonan Basin     Longyadong Cave    Open-air sites

              Function of sites     settlement pattern

ABSTRACT: Since 1995, 268 Paleolithic open-air sites were identified in the Luonan Basin of the eastern Qinling Mountains, and more than 13,000 lithic artifacts were collected from archaeological surveys. Most significantly, a cave site, Longyadong, was discovered and excavated during 1995--1997, which yielded more than 20 species of faunal remains and over 77,000 lithic artifacts, as well as other vestiges of hominid activities, such as traces of fire using and those of living floors. The present paper studies the spatial distribution of these archaeological sites in the basin. The differences between the open-air sites and the cave site are analyzed in terms of the raw material and making technology of their stone tools. The results suggest that the Longyadong cave may have been one of the central sites of occupation early hominids visited repeatedly over a long period of time, while the open-air sites were loci of their temporary activities. The site distribution sheds new light on the land-using pattern during the Middle Pleistocene. The differences between the cave and the open-air sites in stone-working technology show that the two kinds of sites were diverse in their function, which involved various hominid behaviors with a range of stone tools.

 

 

Li Longzhang, On the Date of the Remains with “”-shaped Design Pottery in

Guangdong and Guangxi and the Han Tombs at Guangzhou 

关键词:米字纹陶器  南越王墓  广州汉墓  秦至西汉时期

KEY WORDS: ”-shaped design pottery    Nanyue king tomb   

             Han tombs at Guangzhou    Qin to Western Han period

ABSTRACT: The remains represented by ”-shaped design pottery are extensively distributed in Guangdong and Guangxi, and constitute important material to studying the early history of the region south of the Five Ridges. Comparison of the unearthed objects from the Nanyue king tomb and the site of “Qin and Han shipyard” with their counterparts from earlier Han tombs at Guangzhou shows that the first phase burials among the earlier Han tombs at Guangzhou actually should be dated to the time of the Nanyue king tomb, i.e. the earlier stage of Han Wudi’s reign. Correspondingly, the second phase burials among the earlier Han tombs at Guangzhou must have been later than the turn from Han Wudi’s Yuanshuo to Yuanshou reign, namely at the final stage of the Nanyue State or even still later. The remains with “”-shaped design pottery should be assigned to the time from the Qin period to the late Western Han Wendi reign for the majority, though a part of them may have been as early as late Warring States period.        

 

 

Zhu Hong et al., A Study of Neolithic Human Skulls from Wadian in Yuzhou City, Henan 

关键词:禹州  瓦店遗址  新石器时代  人类颅骨

KEY WORDS: Yuzhou City      Wadian site       Neolithic Age 

             human skulls               

ABSTRACT: The Neolithic human skulls unearthed from the Wadian site  provide interesting data for studying the problems concerning the racial relationship between the Wadian crania and those of Asian Mongoloids in modern and ancient times. The physical characteristics of the Wadian crania show that, in racial type, they are closely related to those of modern East Asian Mongoloids and some ancient populations, such as the Miaodigou crania, Wayaogou crania and those from the Yin Ruins.

 

 

 

 

 
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