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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu2006-3
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2006-04-14
 

 

Main content:

Guangzhou Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology et al.,Excavation of Western Han Wooden Slips on the Site of the Palace of the Nanyue Kingdom ………………… (3)

Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, 1997 Excavation on the Suolong Site in Wushan County, Chongqing City ……………………………(14)

 Archaeological Team of Shang Yang's Feoff, Shangyi Site of the Qin State in Danfeng County, Shaanxi………………………………………………………………………(32)

Xinxiang Municipal Archaeological Team, Han Tombs in Beizhan District, Xinxiang, Henan……………………………………………………………………………………(39)

Tian Guanglin, Form of the Social Development of the Lower Xiajiadian Culture Period in the West Liaohe River Valley………………………………………………………(45)

Huang Yijun, A Study of the Periodization of Song Period Bluishwhite Porcelain in the Liangzi Lake Region, Hubei ……………………………………………………(53)

Dong Shan, A Study of the Xiang Shou Ge Daggeraxe…………………………………(65)

Liu Zhaojian, On the Contributing Factors of the Courtyard in the Chu Prince Mausoleum of the Western Han Dynasty on Mt. Shizishan in Xuzhou City, Jiangsu: Also on the Origin of Rockcut Horizontal Cave Tombs……………………………(71)

Liu Jianguo, Establishment and Application of an Archaeological Information System for the Qixing River Valley at Zhouyuan, Shaanxi ………………………………(79)

 

 

 

 

ABSTRACT:

 

KEY WORDS: site of the palace of the Nanyue Kingdom   inscribed wooden slips   Western Han period    residence booklets   legal documents

ABSTRACT: In November 2004 to January 2005, the collaborative archaeological team from the Guangzhou Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, the Institute of Archaeology, CASS, and the Preparatory Office for the Museum of the Palace of the Nanyue Kingdom excavated a well of the earlier stage of Nanyue on the site of this Kingdom's palace. The well yielded more than 100 inscribed wooden slips of the Western Han period, which are longer and wider than ordinary Qin and Han slips but bear relatively lesser characters. In content they are mainly residence booklets and legal documents. The revelation of these relics is of great academic value as it made up the gap of inscribedslip discovery in the archaeology of Guangdong and remedied the lack of historical records on the Nanyue Kingdom.

 

KEY WORDS: Suolong site in Wushan County  Neolithic Age   Weijialiangzi remains ABSTRACT: In 1997, based on meticulous surveys and general drillings, the Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology carried out an extensive rescuing excavation on the Suolong site that was in the area to be inundated by the Three Gorges Reservoir. Among the unearthed rich cultural relics are, first of all, pottery objects, which are followed by a certain number of chipped and polished stone tools and a small quantity of faunal and floral remains. Only a spot of vestige was discovered. This must have been left over from a house. In cultural aspect the site is rather identical with the Wushan Weijialiangzi remains, and bears some elements similar to features of prehistoric city sites in the Chengdu Plain. Chronologically it can be preliminarily dated to 2600—2000 BC.

 

KEY WORDS: Gucheng Village in Danfeng  character “” in tile inscriptions  Shang Yang's feoff  city wall  Warring States period

ABSTRACT: In 1996, the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology along with the Shangluo Prefectural Commission for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments carried out surveys and spade drillings on the Qin State Shangyi site at Gucheng Village of Xihe Township 2 km to the west of the seat of Danfeng County, Shaanxi Province. They made rescuing excavations at two spots of vestiges, of which one is remains of the Warring States period city wall lying on the eastern side of the site. The surveys and excavations brought to light large quantities pottery objects and structural members, and ascertained the limits and date of the site. The discovered remains belong, respectively, to the Chu culture and the Qin culture of Eastern Zhou period, and the time from the Qin Dynasty to the early Western Han. These findings provided new data for requiring into the exact location of Shang Yang's feoff and the relationship between the Qin and the Chu states.

 

KEY WORDS: Beizhan District, Xinxiang  brickchambered tombs  earthencave tombs Han period

ABSTRACT: In 2001, the Xinxiang Municipal Archaeological Team, Henan Province, excavated 17 tombs of the Han period in Beizhan District, Xinxiang City. Of these tombs, three are medium sized brick chambered graves with ramping tomb passages, and the rest are all small sized earthen cave burials with shafts. No intrusion into each other was discovered among the tombs. The funeral objects include mainly pottery, and bronze, iron and stone artifacts were found in a small number. The tomb shapes and object combinations suggest that the earthen cave graves belong to the early or middle Western Han period, while the brick chambered ones all to the middle and late Eastern Han, and the tomb owners to the middle and lower social strata.

 

KEY WORDS: west Liaohe River valley  Lower Xiajiadian culture  form of social development state and civilization

ABSTRACT: The Lower Xiajiadian culture is an archaeological culture of the Xia Shang period in the northern and southern Yanshan Mountains areas. The pattern of settlement distribution in this culture and the layout of large sized burial grounds represented by the Dadianzi cemetery reflect that the hierarchical system, the petty individual family and the private ownership mentality had emerged by that time, and social conflict had become unprecedentedly violent. Moreover, this culture shows features of the alteration of ritual from taking the worship of gods as the main thing to valuing political and military activities above all. Referring to the description of “well to do” society in the chapter “Li Yun” of the Li Ji (《礼记·礼运》), it can be believed that the west Liaohe River valley of the Lower Xiaojiadian culture period had already crossed the threshold of the state and civilized society

 

KEY WORDS Liangzi Lake region  Song period  bluishwhite porcelain  typological analysis periodization

ABSTRACT The Liangzi Lake region in Hubei was one of the producing areas of bluish white during the Song period. Referring to the association of unearthed objects, archaeological typological analyses of Song bluish white porcelain suggest that this ware and the relevant kiln sites can be assigned to two phases on the whole. The first phase is characterized by the limitation of workshops in scale, the survival of late Tang and Five Dynasties period features on articles and the discrepancy of products in quality. In the second phase, the production was expanded in scale, but products became poor in quality Based on the dating results of the tombs that yielded this sort of porcelain and their comparison with unearthed examples from dated graves or with those definite in date from kiln sites, it can be inferred that Phase Ⅰ goes back roughly to the time from the Five Dynasties to earlier Northern Song period, and Phase Ⅱ to the middle and late Northern Song..

 

KEY WORDS: Xiang Shou ge daggeraxe  inscription  Chu State  naming years after repre sentative events  Xiangcheng

ABSTRACT: There is a Chu State ge dagger axe in the collection of the Lianyungang Municipal Museum, Jiangsu. Its inscription contains the phrase “Xiang Shou year,” which refers to the year when Xiang Shou, envoy from the Qin State to the Chu State as the Historical Records:“Biography of Gan Mao” states in the sentence “Xiang Shou came to Chu.” Taking into account the words “Xiangcheng Gong 襄城公”(the feudatory of Xiangcheng) and “Jing Shui” in the ge inscription, it can be inferred that Xiang Shou's being sent to Chu was concerned with the Qin troops capturing Yiyang of the Han State in 307 BC, and that the Chu ge under discussion must have been made in 306 BC. The interpretation of the inscription on the Xiang Shou ge may contribute to clarifying the dates of other years named after representative events in the Chu State.

 

KEY WORDS: Han tomb on Mt. Shizishan  courtyard  rockcut horizontal cave tomb rock cut shaft tomb  Western Han

ABSTRACT: At the northern end of the outer tomb passage of the Han tomb on Mt. Shizishan, above the passage, there is a large sized courtyard, which is far better than the tomb chamber in the quality of rock cutting. Examination of the courtyard and the whole chamber suggests that the courtyard can be taken to be remains of the transition from the rock cut shaft burial to the rock cut horizontal cave tomb. Based on this understanding as well as a study of the formal evolution of previous Chu princes' tombs, it can be concluded that the latter type of tomb in Western Han originated from the former type, which was a result of the circumstances that the then natural settings and building techniques did not allow to structure tomb chambers imitative of surface buildings.

 

KEY WORDS: Qixing River valley  archaeological survey  geographical information system (GIS)  buffer analysis

ABSTRACT: In this study, the author sets up an archaeological geographical information system based on archaeological surveys in the Qixing River valley, Shaanxi Province, which contains the information of settlements from the Yangshao culture to the Western Zhou period. Using the GIS software, it will be greatly convenient to inquire about, renew, graph, analyze and study archaeological sites and their distribution in this region during different times. By means of the distance analyzing function of GIS (buffer analysis), researchers can also inquire into the relationship of the water system with the distribution of archaeological sites. Thus the establishment and analysis of the GIS for the Qixing River valley offer a set of new methods to the systematic management of archaeological information and to the full application of various archaeological data in comprehensive studies.

 

 

 

 
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