No. 12, 2005
Collaborative Archaeological Team of IA, CASS, and Japan Nara Cultural
Properties Research Institute, A New Discovery on the Site of Taiyechi Pool
in the Daminggong Palace of Tang Chang’an City, Xi’an -----------------------( 3 )
Bai Yunxiang et al., Academic Journals and Archaeology Flourishing in the New
Century: Pen Conversations on the 50th Anniversary of the Initial Publication
of Periodical Kaogu -------------------------------------------------------------------(7 )
Institute of Archaeology, CASS, et al., Excavation on the Water Valve Site at the
Northern Gate of the Great Song City in Yangzhou, Jiangsu --------------------(21 )
Archaeology Department of Shandong University and Shouguang
Municipal Museum, Trial Excavation on the Western Zhou Saltern Site at
Dahuangbeiyang in Shouguang City, Shandong -----------------------------------(24 )
Xuzhou Museum, Western Han Tombs at Gushan in Xuzhou City, Jiangsu -------( 48 )
Zhang Yinwu, A Study of Chu-system Ritual Tables of the Pre-Qin Period -------( 59 )
Bai Yunxiang and Zhang Guangming, Discovery and Study of the Han Period
Mirror-molds from the Site of the Qi State Capital Linzi, Shandong -----------( 68)
Liu Yu et al., Analysis of the Han Period Mirror-mold from the Qi State Capital
Linzi in Shandong ----------------------------------------------------------- ----------( 84 )
Bai Yunxiang et al., Academic Journals and Archaeology Flourishing in the New Century: Pen Conversations on the 50th Anniversary of the Initial Publication of Periodical Kaogu
KEY WORDS: periodical Kaogu 50th anniversary of the initial publication new century flourishing
ABSTRACT: The periodical Kaogu (Archaeology) has gone through a 50-year course since its initial publication in 1955. In the past 50 years, it has adhered to the purpose of serving, promoting and guiding learning, added remarkable contributions to the development of Chinese archaeology, and played an important role in guiding the direction of learning, strengthening the construction of archaeology, cultivating professional personnel and promoting Sino-foreign cultural exchange. On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of its initial publication, the editorial board invited archaeological experts and scholars to pen conversations so as to look back on the course of its growth and to look forward to the advance of archaeological journals and the flourishing development of the whole discipline in the new century.
Institute of Archaeology, CASS, et al., Excavation on the Water Valve Site at the Northern Gate of the Great Song City in Yangzhou, Jiangsu
KEY WORDS: Yangzhou Great Song City northern gate water valve blue-and-white porcelain of the Yuan period
ABSTRACT: The water valve site at the northern gate of the Great Song City is one of the important remains of ancient Yangzhou City from the Sui to the Song periods. Excavation clarified preliminarily its shape, layout and date. It was built no earlier than the Five Dynasties period and abandoned in the Yuan dynasty, and its vault may have fallen in the Ming period. Well preserved in layout and remaining intact in structure, the site reflects clearly that the water valve along with the northern gate and its barbican formed an important hub of land and water communications in the northern Yangzhou City of the Song-Yuan period. The excavation verified the literal record on the existence of water valves in the Great Song Yangzhou City and the related statement in the Yingzao Fashi (《营造法式》 Building Standards). It has great significance to the complete revelation of the City’s aspect, providing important material data for studying its land and water communications and historical aspect in the Song-Yuan period.
Archaeology Department of Shandong University and Shouguang Municipal Museum, Trial Excavation on the Western Zhou Site at Dahuangbeiyang in Shouguang City, Shandong
KEY WORDS: Dahuangbeiyang site Western Zhou period
ABSTRACT: In March to May 2001, the Archaeology Department of Shandong University and the Shouguang Municipal Museum carried out a trial excavation on the Dahuangbeiyang site. They revealed a sea-salt producing site of the earlier Western Zhou period, which yielded clay pits, hardened plant ashes and deposits, and pottery vessels, mainly helmet-shaped objects. These findings furnish important material to studying early sea-salt production.
Xuzhou Museum, Western Han Tombs at Gushan in Xuzhou City, Jiangsu
KEY WORDS: Xuzhou City Gushan Hill Western Han tombs Tomb-figurine pit
ABSTRACT: The present paper reports the three Western Han tombs excavated at Gushan in the northeastern suburb of Xuzhou City. Tombs M1 and M3 are rock-cut rectangular shaft-and-cave graves. The former has a larger chamber and an accompanying burial, and is furnished with a niche and a pit for pottery tomb-figurines, while the latter is smaller in size. M2 is a rock-cut pit burial accompanying M1. The unearthed objects fall into pottery, ironware, bronzes and jades. In date M1 and M2 belong to the later early Western Han period while M3 to the mid and late Western Han. Their excavation provided important data for studying the burial institution and material culture of the Western Han period in the Xuzhou area.
Zhang Yinwu, A Study of Chu-system Ritual Tables of the Pre-Qin Period
KEY WORDS: mid Warring States period Chu system ritual tables Qingdafu vassal stratum
ABSTRACT: The present paper analyzes the name, shape and combination of Chu-system ritual tables and takes into account the decipherment results recently acquired in the study of bamboo slips with lists of tomb furniture. On this basis the author comes to the conclusion that during the Warring States period, aristocratic tombs were generally furnished each with two groups of ritual tables, which belonged to two adjacent grades. One group is larger in size and occurs in each tomb in one set varying in number; the other is smaller and occurs in one or several sets in each case. The two combinations can be assigned to the qingdafu vassal stratum of the mid Warring States period. They reflect the ripeness and standardization of the ritual table using institution at that time.
Bai Yunxiang and Zhang Guangming, Discovery and Study of the Han Period Mirror-molds from the Site of the Qi State Capital Linzi, Shandong
KEY WORDS: site of the Qi State capital Linzi Han period Pottery molds of bronze mirrors Casting technology of bronze mirrors
ABSTRACT: Since 1940, five batches of 25 Han mirror-molds have been successively unearthed from the ruined Qi State capital Linzi in Shandong, which has so far been the only locality of Han pottery molds for casting bronze mirrors. These objects are light in weight and belong to fine sandy clay ware with a large amount of rice-husk ash. They fall into the type for the obverse and that for the reverse with four-nipple and herb-leaf (the commonest decoration), linked-arc (in case of having a dagger-shaped mirror-edge), and TLV and herb-leaf patterns. In date they belong to the Western Han period. These finds indicate that in the Western Han, bronze mirrors were cast with compound pottery molds in double sections, which were all made in molds and then fired, and each used for casting only one mirror rather than for repeated use. Their regionalism is directly relative to their producing areas and varieties. The discovery and study of these mirror-molds marks an important advance in research on Han bronze mirrors and the casting technology of ancient mirrors.
Liu Yu et al., Analysis of the Han Period Mirror-mold from the Site of the Qi State Capital Linzi in Shandong
KEY WORDS: Western Han mirror-mold analysis of material phytolith analysis
ABSTRACT: The examination and analysis of bronze-mirror molds constitutes an important means for the study of mirror-casting technology. Such inquiry, however, was not made in the past. By using the ICP, XRD, XRF, SEM, phytolith analysis and DIL methods, the authors make physical and chemical studies on the shard of a Han period mirror-mold from the Qi State capital-site in Zibo City, Shandong Province. The research results in the composition of the material, mineral, temper and surface, the compactness and water-absorbing rate of the body and the temperature of firing suggest that the selection of materials and making techniques for this type of mold was mainly to meet the need of high-level strict casting technology.