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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu 2005-11
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2006-04-09

 

Main Content:

Wang Yueqian and Tong Weihua, Excavation and Study of the Yuanqu Shang City site: On the 20th Anniversary of the Discovery of the Site ………………………(3)

Inner Mongolian Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Excavation on the Shuiquan Site in Linxi County, Inner Mongolia……………………………………(19)

Xiangfan Municipal Archaeological Team, The Second Excavation of Warring States Period Tombs in the Caipo Cemetery, Xiangfan City, Hubei ……………………(30)

Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Archaeological Team and Guigang Municipal Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, An Eastern Han Tomb at Kongwuling in Guigang City, Guangxi …………………………………………(42)

He Yun'ao and Shao Lei , Excavation of a Late Eastern Jin Tomb at Wangjiashan of Tiexinqiao in Nanjing City ……………………………………………………………(51)

Liu Huan, A Decipherment of the Character “” in Oraclebone Inscriptions: Also on the Nature of the Oracular Inscription “ at (Some Place)”……………………(58)

Xu Shaohua and Li Haiyong, Analysis on Evolution and Location of Dongting, Qian zhong and Cangwu Prefectures of the Chu State and Qin Period in the Light of Unearthed Records ……………………………………………………………………(63)

Peng Hao, Collation and Study of the Slips on River Enbankments …………………(71)

Zhao Zhijun et al., Analysis and Study of the Phytolith Specimens from the Dingsi shan Site in Yongning County, Guangxi……………………………………………(76)

Liu Wensuo, In Commemoration of the 100th Year of Niya Archaeology ……………(85)

 

 

 ABSTRACT:

 

KEY WORDS: Yuanqu Shang citysite excavation and study nature of the Yuanqu site set tlement pattern

ABSTRACT: The Yuanqu Shang citysite was discovered in 1984 and began to be explored in the next year. In the past two decades, rich material has been achieved from there. As an important early Shang citysite located in the center of the XiaShang cultural area, it has provided valuable data for researching into the Shang culture. The present paper reviews the course of its discovery and excavation and its form, layout and unearthed remains, and summarizes the results so far obtained in the study of its date and nature and the evolutionary course of the settlement pattern in this area. This must be helpful to the excavation and study of the site in the future.

 

 

KEY WORDS: Shuiquan site Zhaobaogou culture Hongshan culture F18

ABSTRACT: In cooperation with the construction of JiTong Railway, the Inner Mongolian Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology excavated in 1991 the Shuiquan site in Linxi County, and discovered Neolithic and Liao period cultural remains.The former group of relics includes seventeen housefoundations and two ashpits of Zhaobaogou culture, one housefoundation and seven ashpits of Hongshan culture, and a housefoundation containing raised bowstring pattern cylindric jars that represent a new cultural type maybe later than the Hongshan culture. These vestiges yielded several hundreds of pottery, stone, bone and shell objects. The remains of Zhaobaogou culture on the site have been named Shuiquan type of this culture.

 

 

KEY WORDS: Caipo cemetery Chu State tombs Warring States period

ABSTRACT: In 1998 and 1999, the Xiangfan Municipal Archaeological Team revealed seven tombs in a rescuing excavation on a low hill north of the Caijiapo riverbent near Shipo Village of Tuanshan Town in Xiangfan City, Hubei. The tombs are all rectangular earthen pits with the opening wider than the bottom, and no intrusion traces were discovered between them. The unearthed objects total 174, including pottery, bronze and jade articles and a few iron and bone artifacts. The combination of funeral objects and the shape of tombs suggest that these graves are Chu burials of the middle and late Warring States period and can be assigned to a higher rank on the whole, though difference in scale occurs between them.

 

 

KEY WORDS: Guigang Kongwuling brick chambered tomb Eastern Han period

ABSTRACT: The Eastern Han tomb at Kongwuling excavated in 1994 is one of the few unrobbed largesized brickchambered graves so far discovered in Guangxi. This is a joint burial under a barrow, which measures 31 m in diameter and about 2.9 m in remaining height. The interior has a Tshaped plan and consists of a passage, a corridor, an anterior room, two side ones, and two back ones. The unearthed objects include mainly pottery, and also bronze, iron, porcelain and jade wares. Judging from its shape and grave goods, the tomb can be dated to the earlier late Eastern Han period.

 

 

KEY WORDS: Wangjiashan vaulted brickchambered tomb celadon Eastern Jin period

ABSTRACAT: In 2000, the Nanjing Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics excavated in a rescuing mode a tomb at Tiexinqiao in Yuhuatai District, Nanjing City. This is a vaulted brick chambered tomb with a 凸shaped plan, measuring 8.18 m in overall length and 2.82 m in width and consisting of a gateblocking wall, a corridor and a chamber. It yielded celadon, pottery, bronze nails and iron coffinnails. Judging from its shape and funeral objects, the tomb was a middlesized burial of the late Eastern Jin period and its occupant must have belonged to the then aristocracy. The celadon yielded consists mainly of products of the Fengcheng workshop, though some might have been from the Yue and Xiangyin kilns.

 

 

KEY WORDS: oraclebone character “” oracular inscription go on a journey hunting

ABSTRACT: The oraclebone character “” was written in several versions and varied in meaning according to previous decipherments. Based on related studies in the past and the forms of the character “弋” on Chu State slips of the Warring States period, the present paper confirms that the character under discussion should be written as “”. In the light of the use of this character in oraclebone and bronze inscriptions,the author believes that it should be understood as go on a journey as shown by this character in the Yu Pian (《玉篇》On Jades). The oracular inscription “王于(某地) means actually the king's going on a journey”. During the Yin period, the Shang king's going on journeys was accompanied by armed troops with political and military purposes. Late Yin kings in their journeys often conducted sacrifice and sometimes went on hunting.

 

 

KEY WORDS: Qin bamboo slips from Liye Han bamboo slips from Zhangjiashan Dongting prefecture Cangwu prefecture locations

ABSTRACT: Chu people ferried the Yangtze River and entered Hunan area in the middle Spring and Autumn period. Down to the Warring States period, they had set up some prefectures and counties to administer and exploit this area. Due to no concrete records in historic document, the knowledge on its related problem is a flurry in the academic circle. The present article, referring to the newly found material of Qin bamboo slips from Liye and Han bamboo slips from Zhangjiashan, mainly explores the evolution and locations of a couple of important prefectures and counties including Dongtiong, Cangwu and Qianzhong in Chu State of Warring States period and Qin period in this area and clarifies their situation in Hunan area. The research lays a foundation for further studying the origin, evolution and formation of prefectures and counties from the Spring and Autumn period through Warring States period to the early Han Dynasty.

 

 

KEY WORDS: Slips on River Embankments area of river embankments early Western Han Period statistic document

ABSTRACT: The book Slips and Tablets in the Gallery of Cultural Relics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong collects 240 slips and tablets the Gallery purchased in the past. Among these collections are slips concerned with river embankments, which the collator calls Slips on River Embankments. This is the first discovery of this type among the so far recorded slips and tablets and is a valuable historical document. Through redeciphering and repunctuating the document, studying related ancient mathematic terms and calculating methods and analyzing the names and locations of the places mentioned in the document, the author comes to the conclusion that the Slips on River Embankments is an early Western Han statistic document that collects data on the reclamation of farmland from river embankments in countries of Nanqun Prefecture.

 

 

KEY WORDS: Dingsishan site phytoliths rice farming gathering and hunting

ABSTRACT: The Neolithic Dingsishan site in Yongning County, Guangxi, goes back to 10,0006,000 BP and contains four phases of cultural deposits. Phytolith analysis shows that the former three phases have no rice phytoliths, but in the fourth phase (c. 6,000 BP), phytoliths of cultivated rice occur in a considerable quantity. This suggests that cultivated rice and ricefarming techniques may have been introduced from outside. Research results also indicate that the Dingsishan people made a living by gathering and hunting. The advantageous ecological environments furnished them with plentiful and highly repayable resources of wild food, which was one of the major factors leading to the relatively late emergence of farming in this area and even in the greater part of the Lingnan Region (areas south of the Five Ridges).

 

 

KEY WORDS: Niya site history of discovery and study documents academic subjects

ABSTRACT: Archaeological researches on the Niya site were begun from Aural Stein's survey and excavation in 1901. Through work in the past 100 years, valuable field archaeological data have been accumulated in a large amount, including those of remains of houses, temples, cemeteries, handicraft workshops, farm fields, walled towns and bridges. Of them the most interesting for researchers are Kharosthī and Chinese documents, through which some scholars made historicogeographic researches and other studies with unearthed vestiges and objects. The geographic environments of the site and the richness and multiformity of its remains determine its importance in archaeological studies. In the future, special attention should be paid to the typological and chronological researches, the subjects on the settlement pattern and its evolution, the shape of early Buddhist buildings and the unearthed documents, as well as the study of ancient ecological environments and desert archaeological methodology.

 

 

 

 
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