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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu 2005-10
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2006-02-08

 

(Archaeology)

No. 10, 2005

 

Main Contents

 

Institute of Archaeology, CASS, and Mongcheng County Bureau of Culture,

2003 Excavation on the Yuchisi Site in Mengcheng County, Anhui ------------( 3 )

Fangcheng Archaeological Team, Trial Excavation on the Ancient

Fangcheng City-site in Feixian County, Shandong ----------------------------(25)

Tang Luoyang City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Red Pottery from the

Imperial City-site in the Sui-Tang Eastern Capital in Luoyang City, Henan-( 37 )

Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Excavation

of Tang and Song Tombs at Huawaicheng Neighborhood in the Western Suburb

of Chengdu City ----------------------------------------------------------------------(47 )

Han Maoli, Formation of the Interlocking Belt of Agriculture and Husbandry and

Climatic Change in Ancient North China ------------------------------------------(57 )

Jiang Niansi, A Study of Stone Figures of Mohe Tribesmen from a Tang Tomb at

Yellow River Road in Chaoyang City, Liaoning ---------------------------------( 68 )

Huang Yinong, On the Date-designating Ganzhi Heavenly Stems and Earthly

Branches in the Bamboo Slips Zou Yan Shu from the Han tomb at

Zhangjiashan ------------------------------------------------------------------------(73 )

Li Naisheng et al., A Preliminary Study of the Building Techniques of Burnt-earth

Houses in Rows on the Yuchisi Site in Mengcheng County, Anhui ------------(76 )  

Wu Guibing, An Important Work in the Archaeological Study of the Six Dynasties

Period: Review of the Cultural Relics in the Six Dynasties Period -----------( 83)

 

 

 

 

Institute of Archaeology, CASS, and Mongcheng County Bureau of Culture,2003 Excavation on the Yuchisi Site in Mengcheng County, Anhui

 

KEY WORDS: Anhui    Yuchisi site    Dawenkou culture    Longshan culture    settlement layout

ABSTRACT: In 2003, the Anhui Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, and Mengcheng County Bureau of Culture carried out again a large-scale excavation on the Yuchisi site in Mengcheng County, and obtained remarkable results. They discovered a lot of important vestiges, brought to light numerous valuable cultural relics, and made up a number of gaps left over from the previous 12 seasons of excavation. In the center of the site, they revealed the layout of a compound with houses built on three sides of a square courtyard, a group of buildings with a small room opening off another, a large-sized spot of sacrificial activities, and burnt-earth house-foundations (discovered for the first time for the Longshan culture), all of which were not recorded in the previous excavations. These findings provide further information on the whole pattern of the settlement and valuable material for an all-round and deep-going study of the prehistoric Yuchisi site.

 

 

 

Fangcheng Archaeological Team, Trial Excavation on the Ancient Fangcheng City-site in Feixian County, Shandong

 

KEY WORDS: Shandong    ancient Fangcheng city-site    rammed-earth city walls    Longshan culture to the Han period

ABSTRACT: In 1995, the Fangcheng Archaeological Team carried out survey, drilling and trial excavation on the ancient Fangcheng city-site at Guchengli Village in Feixian County, Shandong Province. The site has an irregular oval plan and measures nearly 140,000 sq m. Trial excavation discovered remains of city-walls belonging to the Longshan culture, Spring-and-Autumn, Warring States and Qin-Han periods repectively, as well as tombs, ditches and other vestiges. Cultural objects of different periods were unearthed and collected a lot in the exploration. Judging from the revealed archaeological data and taking related literal records into account, the site can be determined to have been an ancient city of the Longshan culture, a place of strategic importance in the eastern Lu State of the Eastern Zhou, and the seat of Huaxian County in the Han period.

 

 

 

Tang Luoyang City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Red Pottery from the Imperial City-site in the Sui-Tang Eastern Capital in Luoyang City, Henan

 

KEY WORDS: Luoyang    imperial city-site in the Sui-Tang Eastern Capital

              Red pottery    Xiekou Grain Mill

ABSTRACT: The Tang Luoyang City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, discovered a large amount of red clay pottery in the course of archaeological work coordinated with capital construction in Luoyang City. These objects were unearthed in a narrow area of the southwestern corner of the imperial city-site within the Sui-Tang Eastern Capital, from cultural layers and seepage pits of the Tang period, which must have belonged to the site of the Xiekou Grain Mill of the Tang period. They are rather simple in shape and comprise mainly various utensils for daily use, very probably vessels of criminal laborers at penal servitude in the Mill. Thus the discovery of the site provides important clues for locating Shixie of the Sui period, and has great significace to researching into the layout in the west part of the imperial city within the Sui-Tang eastern capital Luoyang.

 

 

 

Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Excavation of Tang and Song Tombs at Waihuacheng Neighborhood in the Western Suburb of Chengdu City, Sichuan 

 

KEY WORDS: Sichuan    Waihuacheng Neighborhood    brick-chambered

              tombs    Tang and Song periods

ABSTRACT: In April to May 1999, the Chengdu Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology excavated five brick-chambered tombs at Waihuacheng Neighborhood in the western suburb of Chengdu City. These graves were seriously damaged. They are rectangular with a “”-shaped passage, square, trapezoid, or rectangular with double pits for joint burial, and date from the early Tang, middle Tang, Northern Song or Southern Song period. The funeral objects fall into ceramics, pottery tomb-figurines, iron coins and title deeds of tomb plots. Among them are the distinctive figurines of the Green Dragon, Scarlet Bird, White Tiger and Somber Warrior from the Southern Song tomb. The excavation furnished important data to studying the periodization of Tang and Song tombs in the Chengdu area.

 

 

 

Han Maoli, Formation of the Interlocking Belt of Agriculture and Husbandry and Climatic Change in Ancient North China

 

KEY WORDS: north China    interlocking belt of agriculture and husbandry

             climatic change

ABSTRACT: The interlocking belt of agriculture and husbandry in north China is a sensitive area ecologically. Its formation was propelled by climatic change in ancient times. The process from the emergence of inceptive husbandry spots to the final formation of this belt that shows an orderly way in both time and space well coincide with the whole tendency of climatic change at that time. This evolutionary process went chronologically from 2000BC through 1500BC to 1000BC and spatially from the west towards the east. At the beginning stage, there was no such interlocking pattern but simultaneous engaging in the two kinds of economy based on the family or tribe. Later, it advanced to the spatial distribution of scattering among each other, and finally there formed the division of agricultural and pastoral areas.

 

 

 

 

 

Huang Yinong, On the Date-designating Ganzhi Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches in the Bamboo Slips Zou Yan Shu from the Han tomb at Zhangjiashan 

 

KEY WORDS: Han tomb at Zhanjiashan    Zou Yan Shu    Qin calendar

              Date-designating    ganzhi heaveanly stems and earthly branches

         ABSTRACT:  The bamboo book Zou Yan Shu from the Han tomb at Zhangjiashan in Jiangling, Hebei, records more than 20 law cases from the Spring-and-Autumn to the Western Han periods. Most of the date-designating ganzhi heavenly stems and earthly branches in the book have been identified. The only question is the date of one case, which seems to be beyond any ancient calendars known so far. A careful examination of the slip text with the new results of Qin calendar studies taken into account suggests that the date-designating word is miscopied and should be read as other characters. The case records in the texts provide material for studying the laws and decrees, official-checking regulations and vacation-taking institution of the Qin period.

 

 

 

Li Naisheng et al., A Preliminary Study of the Building Techniques of Burnt-earth

Houses in Rows on the Yuchisi Site in Mengcheng County, Anhui 

 

KEY WORDS: A          Key words:Anhui   Yuchisi site    burnt-earth houses in rows    building techniques

 

ABSTRACT: A Study of the building techniques of the burnt-earth houses in rows on the Yuchisi site reveals some correlation between different courses of burnt-earth in the longitudinal section of the same house in water absorptivity, pressure resistance and firing temperature. It suggests that the wall built up of multi-course burnt earth may have been fired course by course. This unique building mode with good effects in wall-body evenness and solidity shows the advance of building techniques at that time. Judging from the results of tests, the construction of burnt-earth houses in rows reached a high level. Their earth-made roofs and walls had a higher firing temperature and a better physical property in comparison with fireproof-clay-coated wooden posts, and were similar to the structures of backed tiles and bricks to a certain extent.

 

 

 

Wu Guibing, An Important Work in the Archaeological Study of the Six Dynasties

Period: Review of the Cultural Relics in the Six Dynasties Period 

 

KEY WORDS: archaeology of the Six Dynasties period    regionalization

              dating    nature of cultural remains

ABSTRACT: The Cultural Relics in the Six Dynasties Period is a monographic work in archaeology of Six Dynasties period. Within the archaeologist’s field of vision, it describes and analyzes the cultural relics from the Six Dynasties period scientifically, systematically and to the full. Here, a large amount of archaeological evidence on that period is described with a new approach, which pays attention to the combination of archaeological material with related cultural remains and historical documents, the condition of research objects on their historical background, and the integration of various data into an organic whole. In the aspects of the regionalization, dating and nature of cultural remains, the book discusses and sums up theories and methods of Six Dynasties archaeology, and places a full emphasis on the importance of field exploration. In addition, there are careful analyses and objective summaries of the archaeology of Six Dynasties capitals, as well as studies of jades and other specific subjects.

 

 

 

 
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