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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu 2005-8
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2005-09-08




Huaihua Municipal Office for the Management of Antiquarian Affairs, Excavation

at the Paleolithic Xianrenqiao Locality in Huaihua City, Hunan …………………(3)


Research Center of BorderLand Archaeology Jilin University and Hubei Provincial

Archaeological Station in the Three Gorges Area, State  Bureau of Cultural Relics,

Secondary Excavation on the Leijiaping Site in Badong County, Hubei…………(10)


Nanyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, A Pictorialstone

Tomb of the Han Period at Anju Xincun Village in Nanyang City, Henan ………(27)


Wang Yintian et al., Mural Tomb of Xu Congyun, Regional Commander of the Liao

Dynasty, and His Wife in Datong City, Shanxi ……………………………………(34)


Yang JianhuaOn the Evolution of the Function of Prehistoric Religion in the Light

of Settlement Layout …………………………………………………………………(48)


Gu Fang, A Study of the Jades from the Liulige Burial Ground in Huixian County,



PaLema Vandiver et al., A Preliminary Study of the  Pottery from the Longshan Culture  Site at Liangchengzhen, Rizhao City, Shandong……………………………(65)


Archaeological Exploration and Excavation Group to Russia, IA, CASS, A Summary

on the Archaeological Exploration, 2002, in the Maritime Region of Russia ……(74)



KEY WORDS Paleolithic Xianrenqiao locality stone artifacts stone material Wushui cultural type

ABSTRACT: In 1998, the Huaihua Municipal Office for the Management of Antiquarian Affairs carried out excavation at the Paleolithic Xianrenqiao locality. The stratigraphic deposits revealed there can be divided into five layers. The objects unearthed include stone artifacts and their materials, all pebbles fetched from the riverbed and belonging to grayishyellow metamorphic silt and sand stones. The artifacts, numbering 51 pieces, fall into cores, blanks, flakes, flaketools and coretools. The materials, totaling 49 pieces, are unchipped, halved or fractioned. Judging from the distinctive features of its stone tools, the locality should be attributed to the Wushui cultural type.



KEY WORDS: Leijiaping Longshan culture Shang period Zhou period Six Dynasties


ABSTRACT: In 1999, the Archaeology Department of Jilin University carried out a second excavation on the Leijiaping site. The work covered an area of 1,257 sq m and revealed remains of the Longshan culture, Shang, Western Zhou, SpringandAutumn, Six Dynasties, Tang, Ming and Qing periods. The Longshan cultural relics embrace pottery objects and stone implements. The Shang and early Western Zhou remains include ashpits and stone, bone, tooth and pottery artifacts. The Western Zhou period left over bronzes and pottery; the SpringandAutumn period, mainly pottery; and the Warring States period, tombs with bronzes and iron ware. The Six Dynasties period is represented by brick tombs; the Tang, also by tombs; and the Ming, by tombs with silver hairpins and porcelain bowls and pots. These findings enriched our understanding of the ancient cultural sequence in the Three Gorges area.



KEY WORDS: Anju Xincun Site Han period tomb pictorial stones

ABSTRACT: In 1999, the Nanyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology excavated one of the three Han tombs discovered at Anju Xincun Village. This is a brickandstonestructured grave consisting of a passage, a gate, two anterior rooms and two rear ones. The unearthed restorable objects number 21 pieces. Of them the pottery include the boshan incense burner, models of cooking range and granary, table, roasting stove, eared cup, figurine of dog, and jar. The bronzes belong to the mirror, end piece of canopy spoke, yi crossbar fitting, axle, gourdladleshaped objects, jun flatbottomed small cauldron, etc. 13 pictorial stones with 25 representations were yielded from the tomb. The features of the tomb structure, pictorial stones and other cultural relics suggest that the burial should be assigned to the Xinmang or Eastern Han period.



KEY WORDS: Datong    mural tomb of Xu Congyun and his wife   ancient buildings    Liao Dynasty

ABSTRACT: The tomb of Xu Congyun lies at Xintianbu Village in the southwestern suburb of Datong City. It was discovered, excavated and brought into protection in 1984. This is a brick grave consisting of a passage, a massive gatetower, a corridor and a chamber. The last structure has a circular plan and a dome. Its ceiling and walls are decorated with brick carvings in imitation of word works, as well as colored murals depicting constellations, buildings, servants and other human figures. The buildings are represented to have bracket sets with the ludou fulcrum resting directly on the capital rather than with the pubaifang supporting plate resting on the lintel, which provides an important example of structural change in the timber architecture of Tang and Song China. As a rare largesized dated mural tomb coming from the early Liao period, this discovery is of very great significance to the allround understanding of the evolution of mural tombs in the YanYun region during Liao times.



KEY WORDS: settlement archaeology prehistoric religion prehistoric buildings

ABSTRACT Judging from the relationship between religious buildings and dwelling houses in prehistoric Western Asia and southwestern USA, the function of prehistoric religion went through three stages of serving the consanguine family, the community, and the settlement group. At the first stage, religious buildings were constructed at the center of the group of dwellings and stayed in certain concealment. It was decided by the clan society with blood relationship as the tie and consolidated this social relationship. At the second stage, religious buildings were made in the open zone of settlements and could be used by people with blood relationship and those coming from outside. They reflect the emergence of residents without blood relationship with the natives. At the third stage, religious buildings were located in central settlements rather large in scale. This indicates that religion was an important factor of the gradation of prehistoric settlements.



KEY WORDS: Warring States period Liulige burial ground jade pendants in sets

ABSTRACTS: The Liulige burial ground was an aristocratic family graveyard of the Wei State in the Warring States period. So far, archaeologists have excavated there 80 tombs of that time. These graves are orderly arranged but differ in size, richness and date. More than 700 jades from the tombs in a good condition provide important material data for studying the institute of jades using during the Warring States period. They fall into two categories: jades the tombowners used before their death and those specially made for their burial. Most of them are pendants varied in the way and complexity of combination. These finds much contributed to the reconstruction of combined jade pendants used in the Warring States period. Meanwhile, the unearthed jades offer the following information: (1) The tombs with jades greater in number and fine in workmanship are generally larger in size, more than seven meters in length for the tomb pit. It suggests that the jadesusing and burying institutions were closely related to tombowners' status and the scale of their tombs. (2) The tombs with jades account for a large proportion of the excavated tombs. They are often associated with precious stone gravegoods. This phenomenon reflects that the social background was in the situation that rites were falling and ritual music was dying day by day.



KEY WORDS: Liangchengzhen Longshan culture pottery making techniques

ABSTRACT: The pottery of Longshan culture represented the highest level of pottery making technology in prehistoric China. The present paper reports the authors' preliminary examinations and studies of the Longshan culture pottery scientifically excavated from the Rizhao Liangcheng site. By using the methods of microscopic and Xray photography and observation, they researched the pottery as to the source and texture of its clay, the temperature of its firing, the hardness and water permeability of its body, and the process and techniques of its making. As a result, they came to a series of new views and conclusions.



KEY WORDS: Maritime Region of Russia  Kunaleysk citysite Usdinovka site MonastyrkaⅢ cemetery Red Lake citysite

ABSTRACT: The ancient culture in the Maritime Region of Russia was closely related to that in northeastern China. It holds a very important position in the archaeological study of northeast Asia. In the autumn of 2002, the Institute of Archaeology, CASS, sent for the first time a group to this region according to the agreement of academic exchanges between the IA, CASS, and the Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences. Along with Russian archaeologists, they went to the Kunaleyck citysite over 800 km north of Vladivostok, and took part in the exploration and excavation of the ruins. On the way, they explored some dozen prehistoric and historical sites, cemeteries and ruined cities, and resurveyed the Red Lake citysite. These field activities not only enhanced mutual understanding of both sides and brought preliminary but important academic results, but also contributed to furthering collaborative studies of Chinese and Russian archaeologists in this region.



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