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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu 2005-7
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2005-09-08

 

(Archaeology)

No. 7, 2005

 

 

Main Contents

 

Hebei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics, Excavation of the Prehistoric Beifudi Site in  

    Yixian County, Hebei -------------------------------------------------------------------------------( 3 )

Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Pinghu Municipal

Museum, Site and Cemetery of the Liangzhu Culture at Zhuangqiaofen in Pinghu City,

Zhejiang ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------( 10 )

Erlitou Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Recent Archaeological Discoveries in the Central

Area of the Erlitou Site in Yanshi City, Henan --------------------------------------------------( 15 )

Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, Storage Building Site on a Western Han

Wharf by the Qianhe River at Changqing in Fengxiang County, Shaanxi -------------------( 21 )

Collaborative Archaeological Team of IA, CASS, and Japan Nara Cultural Properties

Research Institute, Taiyechi Pool Site in the Ruined Daminggong Palace of Tang

Chang’an City in Xi’an City -----------------------------------------------------------------------(29 )

Archaeological, Antiquarian and Museological College of Peking University et al., 2004

Excavation on the Ming and Qing Imperial Kiln-site in Jingdezhen City, Jiangxi ----------(35 )

Zhao Zhijun, Archaeobotany and Its Recent Advances ---------------------------------------------(42 )

Correspondent of the Present Journal, A Summary of the “Forum of the Institute of

    Archaeology, CASS: New Discoveries in Chinese Archaeology during 2004 --------------(50 )

14C Laboratory of the Archaeological Science and Techniques Experiment and Research

Center, IA, CASS, Report of 14C Dates (XXXI) ------------------------------------------------------(57 )

Wu Rui et al., Scientific Research on the Pottery Unearthed from the Xianrendong Site in

Wanian, Jiangxi --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(62 )

Cheng jun et al., Analysis of the Phases Microelement Contents of the Jades from the

Fangwanggang Han Tomb and Liangzhu Culture Vestiges--------------------------------------(70)

Xu Jingsong et al., On the Nature and Use of Large-mouthed Vates of the Shang-Zhou Period in

the Light of a Simulated test------------------------------------------------------------------------(76 )

Cui Yinqiu et al., A Study of the Genetic Structure of the Inhabitants in the Turpan

    Depression from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age ------------------------------------------------(83)

Chen Bingxin, Restudy of the Inscription on the Zitang Ding Tripod Unearthed from

Anhui -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------(89)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hebei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics, Excavation of the Prehistoric Beifudi Site in Yixian County, Hebei 

 

KEY WORDS: Hebei Yixian County     Beifudi site      incised masks on

              pottery      sacrificial place      Neolithic Age

ABSTRACTS: Three phases of Neolithic cultural remains were discovered on the Beifudi site in Yixian County, Hebei Province, in two seasons of excavation from 2003 to 2004. The first phase of findings include house-foundations and a sacrificial place, as well as straight-bellied jars and stands in pottery. Its date roughly corresponds to that of the Cishan culture. The second phase, represented mainly by pottery objects of the round-bellied fu cauldron, stand and bowl, is the direct source of the Hougang I culture. The third phase features remains similar to those of Xueshan I and Zhenjiangying III. The site provided again an important temporal and spatial scale for understanding the evolutionary course of the Neolithic culture in the eastern foot area of the Taihang Moutains. The pottery-incised masks and sacrificial place discovered on the site constitute significant new data to inquiry into prehistoric religion and magic activities.

 

 

 

Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Pinghu Municipal Museum, Site and Cemetery of the Liangzhu Culture at Zhuangqiaofen in Pinghu City, Zhejiang 

 

KEY WORDS: Zhejiang Pinghu City     Zhuangqiaofen site      Liangzhu

             culture      cemetery

 ABSTRACT: The Zhuangqiaofen site in Pinghu City, Zhejiang, was excavated in 2003—2004. In the excavated area of about 2,000 sq m, archaeologists discovered three man-made earthen platforms of the Liangzhu culture, revealed 236 tombs of the middle and late Liangzhu, and brought to light nearly 100 ash-pits, ash-trenches and sacrificial pits. The unearthed objects number approximately 2,600 pieces (sets), including pottery, stone, jade, bone, antler, ivory and wooden artifacts. The pottery vessels account for the majority of the finds, and a noteworthy object is so far the earliest compound stone plough with a wooden base. The tombs on the site, dense in arrangement, relatively concentrated in date and often intruded by and superimposed upon each other in stratigraphy, form the largest cemetery recorded so far in the Liangzhu culture. The site is of great academic value to understanding the then settlement pattern and scale as well as social structure.

 

 

 

Erlitou Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Recent Archaeological Discoveries in the Central Area of the Erlitou Site in Yanshi City, Henan

 

KEY WORDS: Erlitou site     layout of the palace area     rammed-earth

              house-foundations     dragon-shaped turquoise object

ABSTRACT: Large-scale prospecting and excavation were carried out recently on the Erlitou site in Yanshi, Henan. In the central area of the site, the archaeological team discovered the palace-city, crisscross wide roads, grouped large-sized rammed-earth house-foundations, a rich aristocratic tomb and a workshop of turquoise artifacts. The large-sized dragon-shaped turquoise object from the tomb is a rare treasure of art. The excavation results indicate that the Erlitou site was a great capital carefully planned and neatly laid out. The evolution of building layout in the palace area shows both distinct change and clear continuation. During the final stage of the Erlitou culture, the site still played an important role as a high-rank large-sized settlement.

 

 

 

Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, Storage Building Site on a Western Han Wharf by the Qianhe River at Changqing in Fengxiang County, Shaanxi

 

KEY WORDS: Shaanxi Fengxiang County    storage building site on a

              wharf by the Qianhe River    Western Han period

ABSTRACT: In 2004, excavation was carried out on the storage building site on the Western Han wharf by the Qianhe River, at Changqing in Fengxiang County, Shaanxi. The site has a rectangular plan 216 m long from the north to the south and 33 m wide from the north to the south, totaling a building area of 7,200 sq m. The whole building complex is equally divided into three units. The northern unit has been destroyed. The excavated part is the middle unit and the northern and southern partitions. Their remains include walls, ventilators, doors and plinths. The unearthed objects are mainly flat and cylindric tiles, tile-ends, bronze arrowheads, copper coins and iron tools. The site may have been the “Bai Wan Dan Cang” (百万石仓Enormous Granary) of the Western Han period and functioned for transporting and storing grain, military supplies and other goods.

 

 

 

Collaborative Archaeological Team of IA, CASS, and Japan Nara Cultural

Properties Research Institute, Taiyechi Pool Site in the Ruined Daminggong Palace of Tang Chang’an City in Xi’an City

 

KEY WORDS: Xi’an City   Tang period    Chang’an City   Daminggong

              Palace    Taiyechi Pool site

ABSTRACT: Excavation on the Taiyechi Pool site in 2000—2004 brought a series of important results. The revealed vestiges include the remains of the structures and roads on the shore of the pool, various types of building foundations, a newly discovered island, two groups of man-made garden-sights, wells, and a drainage system with larger and small ditches. Among the unearthed objects are numbers of treasures. The excavation supplements shortage of literal records, clarifies the basic view of the imperial garden, and thus provides important material data to studying the archaeology of ancient Chinese capitals, the history of ancient Chinese garden architecture and the comparison of Sino-foreign gardening arts.

 

 

 

Archaeological, Antiquarian and Museological College of Peking University et al., 2004 Excavation on the Ming and Qing Imperial Kiln-site in Jingdezhen City, Jiangxi

 

KEY WORDS: Jiangxi Jingdezhen City    imperial kiln site    furnaces  

              porcelain    Ming and Qing periods

ABSTRACT: Excavation on the Ming and Qing imperial kiln site in Jingdezhen was continued in 2004. In the excavated area of 755 sq m, archaeologists discovered walls, furnaces, porcelain-storing pits, etc. The unearthed objects include porcelain, firing implements and porcelain-making tools. The large amount of porcelain can be divided into two categories: products for imperial palaces and those for civil use. The first category was produced principally in the early and middle Ming period. The second was transported from civilian workshops outside the imperial factory. They are great in number and date from the Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing periods. A lot of varieties belong to the first discoveries, and some of them are each represented by only one sample. The unearthed data have great importance to researching into the origin, development, change, and firing technology of the Ming Jingdezhen imperial ceramic factory.

 

 

 

Zhao Zhijun, Archaeobotany and Its Recent Advances

 

KEY WORDS: archaeobotany     floatation     agriculture     origin of

             civilization

ABSTRACT: Archaeobotanical study began in China from a relatively late time owing to the lack of effective means for getting floral remains. This difficult led to spreading floatation with great energy in recent years. So far, we have analyzed more than 30 archaeological sites through floatation of above 5,000 soil samples, which resulted in the obtainment of carbonized floral remains in a surprisingly large number. Based on this work we have made a series of discussion on important archaeological problems, such as the formation course of rice-farming economy, the cultivation of foxtail and broomcorn millets, the formation of dry farming in North China, the development of agriculture, and the origin of civilization.

 

Correspondent of the Present Journal, A Summary of the “Forum of the Institute of Archaeology, CASS: New Discoveries in Chinese Archaeology during 2004

 

KEY WORDS: Chinese archaeology    academic forum    new discoveries

    ABSTRACT: The “Forum of the Institute of Archaeology, CASS: New Discoveries in Chinese Archaeology was held in Beijing, in the Academic Lecture Hall, CASS, on January 11, 2005. The attendants on invitation include the representatives from the Hebei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics, the Archaeological, Antiquarian and Museological College of Peking University, the Zhejiang Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, and the Institute of Archaeology, CASS. The Representatives offered academic lectures on the following topics: Prehistoric Beifudi Site in Yixian County, Hebei; Site and Cemetery of the Liangzhu Culture at Zhuangqiaofen in Pinghu City, Zhejiang;  Recent Archaeological Discoveries in the Central Area of the Erlitou Site in Yanshi City, Henan; Storage Building Site on a Western Han Wharf by the Qianhe River at Changqing in Fengxiang County, Shaanxi; Taiyechi Pool Site in the Ruined Daminggong Palace of Tang Chang’an City in Xi’an City; Excavation on the Ming and Qing Imperial Kiln-site in Jingdezhen City, Jiangxi; and Archaeobotany and Its Recent Advances. Meanwhile, scholars and experts made deep-going discussions on the academic significance of these discoveries.

 

14C Laboratory of the Archaeological Science and Techniques Experiment and Research Center, IA, CASS, Report of 14C Dates (XXXI)

 

    KEY WORDS: 14C dating   half life of 14C   archaeological sites

    ABSTRACT: The present report publishes the chronological data of the 44 specimens dated by the 14C Laboratory of the Archaeological Science and Techniques Experiment and Research Center, IA, CASS, from October 2003 to December 2004. These specimens came from the following sites: Dulincun in Wuqiang County of Hengshui, Hebei (1 piece); Wandushan in Ji’an, Jilin (4)Qiaonan in Yilan, Heilongjiang (1); Minjiang in Minhou (1), Dawangbangshan in Pucheng (1) and Chengcunniushan in Wuyishan (1), Fujian; Qianzhangda in Tengzhou (3) and Louzizhuang in Longkou (2), Shandong; Zhaigencun in Mengjin (2), Xishuipo in Puyang (2), Wuqiangzhencun in Qingfeng (1) and Shantaisi in Tuocheng (1), Henan; Xihulu (4) and Huanshilu (1) in Guangzhou, Guangdong; Yingpanshan in Maoxian County, Sichuan (3); Kelexiang in Zhanghe, Guizhou (4); Shifodong in Gengma, Yunnan (2); Lajia in Minhe, Qinghai (8); Tuokusalai in Bachu (1), Qigexing in Yanqi (1), Liushui in Yutian (1) and Tuopulukedun in Cele of Hetian (1), Xinjiang.

 

 

 

Wu Rui et al., Scientific Research on the Pottery Unearthed from the Xianrendong Site in Wanian, Jiangxi

 

 KEY WORDS: Xianrendong site     pottery      scientific research

              firing techniques    thermoluminescence

ABSTRACT: 22 pottery shards and 2 soil samples unearthed from the Neolithic Xianrendong site in Wannian County, Jiangxi Province, have been analyzed to inquire into their chemical composition (including that of trace elements), microstructure, firing temperature and date. Some new knowledge has been obtained. For example, the date of the pottery shards from Xianrendong site is from about 10,000 BP to 3,000 BP. The main raw material of them is local red soil. They are generally sandy ware often with quartz and feldspar, and also a small amount of muscovite and hematite. Very few of them contain calcite. Their firing temperature is roughly between 740 and 840. Maybe they were not fired in kilns. The evolution of the firing and shaping technology of Xianrendong pottery objects and the variety of their chemical composition are also discussed in the present paper. This is helpful to researches on ancient Chinese ceramics.

 

 

Cui Yinqiu et al., A Study of the Genetic Structure of the Inhabitants in the Turpan

Depression from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age 

 

     KEY WORDS: Turpan Depression    paleo-DNA    genetic structure

                 Bronze to Iron ages

    ABSTRACT: A batch of paleo-DNA specimens was extracted from the Bronze to Iron ages inhabitants’ bones unearthed from the Turpan Depression. Then amplification and sequencing were made on the mitochondrial genome control region (363bp) by means of overlapping primers. The results indicate that the 20 individuals belong to 19 DNA sequences and that two individuals from different tomb-pits are identical in sequence, which evidences a close matrilineal genetic relationship between them. Analyses of phylogenetics brought about the follow notions: The nucleotide diversity, genetic distance and mean of pairwise difference of the ancient Turpan Depression inhabitants are all between the Europian and East Asian populations. In the phylogenetic tree, the ancient inhabitants of Turpan Depression were between the Europian and Asian populations, and the population closest to them is the present-day Uigur in Xinjiang. These suggest that Euro-Asian lineage admixture took place in this region as early as the Bronze and Iron ages.

 

 

 

 
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