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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu 2005-6
From:  Writer:  Date:2005-07-12

Main Contents

Zhengzhou Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Archaeological, Antiguarian and Museological College of Peking University, Cultural Remains of the “Xinzhai Phase on the Huadizui Site in Gongyi City------ (3)
Archaeology Department of Wuhan University et al., Excavation on the
Nanmuyuan Site in Badong County, Hubei ---------------------------------------- (7)
Archaeology Department of Peking University, Trial Excavation on the
Chahe Site in Zhengzhou City, in 1988--------- ------------------------------------(17)
Qingdao Municipal Bureau of Cultural Relics and Pingdu Municipal Museum,
Excavation of Han Tombs on Mt. Jieshan in Pingdu of Qingdao City,
Shandong --------------------------------------------------------------------------------(32)
Xianyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Tombs of the
Sixteen States Period at Toudaoyuan in Xianyang City, Shaanxi ---------------(43)
Zou Dahai, Shuihudi Bamboo Slips of the Qin Period and Mathematics in the
Pre-Qin Period --------------------------------------------------------------------------(57)
Luo Erhu, On Early Buddha Images in Southwest China -----------------------------(66)
Hu Qianying, A Study of the Nature of the Pre-dynastic Zhou Cultural Remains at
Nianzipo, Nanbin ----------------------------------------------------------------------(74)
Correspondent of the Present Journal, A Summary of the “International
Symposium on Han Archaeology and the Han Culture”--------------------------(87)
Shang Puzhai, Book Review: Phagspa Script and the Chinese Language in the
Yuan Period -----------------------------------------------------------------------------(92)

 

Zhengzhou Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Archaeological, Antiguarian and Museological College of Peking University, Cultural Remains of the “Xinzhai Phase on the Huadizui Site in Gongyi City

KEY WORDS: Huadizui site   Xinzhai Phase   ditch-surrounded settlement    early Xia culture   
ABSTRACT: The Huadizui site located in the Luohe-Ruihe area is a ditch-surrounded settlement with cultural remains of the Xinzhai Phase as the main antiquities according to preliminary judgment. The major vestiges and objects discovered there include a surrounding ditch, sacrificial pits, house-foundations, jades and pottery, which show strong chronological features and rich cultural contents. The location, layout, scale and distinct cultural style of the site suggest that the ruins have important value to studying the early Xia culture.

 

Archaeology Department of Wuhan University et al., Excavation on the Nanmuyuan Site in Badong County, Hubei

KEY WORDS: Hubei    Nanmuyuan site    Neolithic Age
ABSTRACT: In September 2001-June 2003, the Archaeology Department of Wuhan University and other institutions carried out a large-scale rescuing excavation on the Nanmuyuan site at Guandukou Town of Badong County, Hubei Province. The Neolithic remains discovered on the site can be divided into two categories. The first category falls into two phases, which are chronologically close to the Chengbeixi culture and the Chaotianzui site respectively. However, they show differences from the latter in cultural aspect, background, pedigree and distribution, and must represent a new cultural complex. The combination of stone tools recorded suggests that farming had already developed by that time. The second category belongs to the Daxi culture.

 

Archaeology Department of Peking University, Trial Excavation on the Chahe Site in Zhengzhou City, Henan, in 1988

KEY WORDS: Henan    Chahe site    Erlitou culture    Erligang culture
ABSTRACT: In October 1988, the Archaeology Department of Peking University, when carrying out archaeological survey in the northwestern suburb of Zhengzhou City, did a small-scale trial excavation on the cliff in a brickyard’s clay-supplying area northeast of Chahe Village, 3.25 km southwest of Guxing Town. They brought to light ash-pits of the Erlitou and the early Shang Erligang cultures, and discovered a number of pottery objects and stone implements. Stratigraphically, they revealed direct superimposition of remains of the lower Erligang complex upon those of the late Erlitou culture. This discovery provides new clues for understanding the features and nature of the two cultures and further studying into the chronology of the Shang culture in the Zhengzhou area.


 
Qingdao Municipal Bureau of Cultural Relics and Pingdu Municipal Museum,
Excavation of Han Tombs on Mt. Jieshan in Pingdu of Qingdao City, Shandong

KEY WORDS: Shandong    Mt. Jieshan    rock-cut pit tombs    middle
             Western Han period    Pingdu marquis                 
ABSTRACT: In 1997 and 2000, three rock-cut pit tombs of the Western Han period were discovered on Mt. Jieshan northeast of Panjia Village in Huibu Town of Pingdu, Qingdao City, Shandong Province. Of them M1 and M3 yielded a number of bronze, iron, jade, crystal and lacquer objects, a lot of which bear inscriptions. M2 was thoroughly robbed. Judging from the tomb shape and the features of grave goods along with related literal records, this locality may have been the graveyard of the Pingdu marquis’ family in the Western Han period, and M1 and M2 can be dated to the middle Western Han. The discovery of these tombs is of great significance to studying the history of the Western Han Pingdu Marquisate, as well as the then tomb structure and burial custom.


 
Xianyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Tombs of the Sixteen States Period at Toudaoyuan in Xianyang City, Shaanxi

KEY WORDS: Shaanxi    Toudaoyang    multi-chamber earthen-cave
             tombs    brick-sculptured tomb-figurines
ABSTRACT: In 1999-2000, the Xianyang Municipal Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology excavated three tombs of the Sixteen States period at Toudaoyuan south of Wenlin Road in Xianyang City. These graves are neatly arranged from west to east and formed each of a long ramping passage, a front chamber and a rear one, and also side rooms in some cases. The funeral objects include mainly utensils exclusively for mourning use, as well as figurines of livestock, poultry and servants, all made in brick or pottery. Bronze, iron and jade wares also occur among them. The most characteristic are the objects sculptured in brick, which show strong features of northwestern minority nationalities. The findings from the tombs constitute valuable material data to inquiring into the burial custom and economy of the Sixteen States period.

 

Zou Dahai, Shuihudi Bamboo Slips of the Qin Period and Mathematics in the Pre-Qin Period
 
KEY WORDS: Shuihudi bamboo slips of the Qin Dynasty      Qin laws
              mathematics in the pre-Qin period    Nine Chapters on Mathe-
              matical Procedures (《九章算术》)  Writings on Reckoning
              ( Suanshu Shu 《算数书》)
ABSTRACT: The Qin laws kept on the bamboo slips unearthed from the No. 11 Qin tomb at Yunmeng Shuihudi, Hubei, have very great value to studying the history of mathematics in pre-Qin China. A good many law texts record the severe requirements of the Qin State in the administration concerning accounting and statistics, and involve the conversion rates between various types of grain and the proportional allotment of grain, as well as a number of mathematical methods, such as the Shanggong (商功estimation of works) and junshu (均输rational apportionment of taxes and corvee). Thus they contain important information on pre-Qin mathematics. Comparative studies of these data with the Nine Chapters on Mathematical Procedures, Writings on Reckoning and other related documents lead to the conclusions: The Qin laws were based upon the foundation of highly developed mathematics. A great majority of mathematical methods of the Nine Chapters of Mathematical Procedures were acquired before the Qin Dynasty. Certain relation between Legalists

 

Luo Erhu, On Early Buddha Images in Southwest China 

KEY WORDS: Southwest China    early Buddha images    belief in fairy-
              land ascension      Silk Road
ABSTRACT: Available archaeological data suggest that early Buddha images in Southwest China first emerged in the late Eastern Han to early Shu Han period. The main examples so far discovered are the bronze and pottery figurines on funeral coin trees from graves and some representations in stone engravings of rock-cut tombs. Early in date and close to early Indian works in form, these Buddha images very possibly go back to the earliest stage of Buddhist iconography in the interior (relatively to Xinjiang and the like) of China. Their prevalence must have been concerned with the local traditional belief in fairyland ascension. Their introduction into the western Sichuan region were probably via the ancient northern “Silk Road,” and their spread may have been through the local Han culture.

 

Hu Qianying, A Study of the Nature of the Pre-dynastic Zhou Cultural Remains at
Nianzipo, Nanbin 

KEY WORDS: Nianzipo site      pre-dynastic Zhou culture       the Zhou
              people’s residential place Bin
ABSTRACT: Nianzipo is a pre-dynastic Zhou site left over from the time the Zhou people lived at Bin. The rich cultural remains there discovered are roughly identical to those from the later residential places Qi, Feng and Hao also of the pre-dynastic Zhou and the Zhou proper. Belonging to the same type, the antiquities from these localities, especially the pottery, show clear evolutionary traces and inheritance relationship. Commonness is reflected also from the aspects of writing, divination and burial custom. These demonstrate to the full that all the above-mentioned relics are the Zhou people’s cultural remains coming down in one continuous line. The notions attributing the Nianzipo remains to the so-called “Liujia culture,” “Liujia type” or “Rong-Di people’s culture” rather than the pre-dynastic Zhou culture all have no enough evidence and do not conform to the rule of archaeological culture naming.

 

Correspondent of the Present Journal, A Summary of the “International Symposium on Han Archaeology and the Han Culture”

KEY WORDS: Han archaeology    Han culture    international symposium
ABSTRACT: On August 20-23, 2004, the “International Symposium on Han Archaeology and the Han Culture” sponsored by the Institute of Archaeology, CASS, the Shandong Provincial Department of Culture and the Jinan Municipal People’s Government was solemnly held in Zhangqiu City, Shandong Province. The purpose of the symposium was to promote further the study of politics, economy, military affairs and ideology in the Han period and to advance the deep-going development of Han archaeology and studies of the Han culture. 120 Chinese and foreign scholars attended the meeting and more than 70 papers were offered to it. The symposium exhibited new accomplishments in the Han archaeology of recent years, exchanged new views in the field of Han archaeology and the Han culture, and furthered association and friendship among scholars. It achieved its purpose and attained complete success.

 

Shang Puzhai, Book Review: Phagspa Script and the Chinese Language in the Yuan Period 

KEY WORDS: Yuan period    Phagspa script    Chinese language
ABSTRACT: Among the handed-down and archaeologically discovered documents, there are lots of Phagspa-script historical sources translated from Chinese, which provide a great amount of valuable information to study the history of the Yuan Dynasty. As this script was abandoned and became unknown long ago, the use of these literal data calls, first of all, for its correct decipherment. The Phagspa Script and the Chinese Language in the Yuan Period, first published in 1958, is the fundamental work in this field. Its revised and enlarged edition coming out in 2004 supplements a large amount of new content, collects firsthand referential documents and previous phonological research results, and furnishes a retrievable glossary. Its accomplishments have important value to historical, philological and archaeological studies.   

 

 
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