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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu 2005-2
From:  Writer:  Date:2005-04-30

KAOGU
(Archaeology)

No. 2, 2005

Main Contents

Hebei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics et al., 1999 Excavation on the Gejiazhuang Site
in Xingtai City, Hebei --------------------------------------------------------------------------------( 3 )
Shaanxi Shangluo Prefectural Archaeological Team, Tombs of the Warring States Period
at Juanling in Shanyang County, Shaanxi ---------------------------------------------------------(28 )
Nanjing Municipal Museum, Excavation of Eastern Jin Tombs at Shizigang in Nanjing City
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(35)
Tang Luoyang City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Excavation of Tang and Song building-
foundations North of Zhongzhou Road in Luoyang City, Henan ------------------------------(41)
Zhang Qianglu, A Preliminary Study of the Neolithic Cultural Pedigree in the Bailong River
Valley----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(54)
Jia Jinbiao et al., On the Cultural Remains in the Northern Area of Gejiazhuang Site ----------(71)
Ma Wenkuan, Some Ideas on Ceramic Archaeology: A Review of the “Special Issue on
Ceramic Archaeology: Excavation and Study” of the Journal Wen Wu-----------------------(79)

 

Abstract
Hebei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics et al., 1999 Excavation on the Gejiazhuang Site
in Xingtai City, Hebei

KEY WORDS: Hebei    Gejiazhuang site    northern area    late Longshan culture to
              late Shang period
ABSTRACT: In the first half of 1999, the Hebei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and other institutions carried out a large-scale excavation in the east of the northern area of the Gejiazhuang site in Xingtai City. The work resulted in the revelation of a great number of ash-pits, cellars, sacrificial pits and tombs, as well as quantities of pottery, stone, bone, antler, shell and bronze objects and oracle bones and shells. The remains discovered can be divided into four phases with six stages: The first phase belongs to the late Longshan culture, and the second, third and fourth, to the pre-dynastic, mid and late Shang cultures respectively. The second and fourth fall into two stages either, but the richest in content is the third phase. The excavation has important academic value to studying the origin of the Shang people, the demarcation between the Xia and the Shang, and the chronology of the Shang’s history.

   
Shaanxi Shangluo Prefectural Archaeological Team, Tombs of the Warring States Period
at Juanling in Shanyang County, Shaanxi

KEY WORDS: Shaanxi     Juanling     earthen-pit tombs     mid and late Warring 
              States period
ABSTRACT: In 1997 and 1998, the Shangluo Prefectural Archaeological Team carried out a rescuing excavation to explore seven ancient tombs in the earth-supplying area of the brickyard at Juanling Village, which lies 12 km to the east of the seat of Shanyang County. These graves are all rectangular earthen pits, each containing a single coffin or an inner one in an outer chamber. The coffins are largely lacquered and painted in colors, and have a cabinet on one side in some cases. Tomb M1 is rather distinctive in burial manner and grave goods, and must be a Qin burial of the late Warring States period. The other six tombs are all Chu burials of the mid and late Warring States period. Their funeral pottery objects are combined in the basic set of ding (tripod), dui (food container with a semi-spherical body and a similar cover), pot and dou (stemmed vessel), though some of these vessels are absent occasionally. In addition, M3 contains two human skeletons in a single coffin, in a peculiar position; M2 and M7 yielded mainly bronzes belonging to the ding, sword, ge dagger, etc.


Nanjing Municipal Museum, Excavation of Eastern Jin Tombs at Shizigang in Nanjing City

KEY WORDS: Nanjing    Shizigang    brick-chambered tombs    early Eastern Jin
              period    bronze seal with the six sides bearing legends
ABSTRACT: Two brick-chambered tombs were excavated at Shizigang south of Nanjing City proper in April 1994. They are close in location, identical in direction and similar in size and shape, either having a dome-covered chamber with a short corridor and a “凸”-shaped plan. So they must belong to the same family cemetery. The unearthed pottery, porcelain, bronze, iron and talcum objects number more than 40 pieces, of which the most valuable is a bronze seal with the six sides bearing legends. Judging from the tomb shape and grave goods, the tombs should be dated to the early Eastern Jin period, and the tomb-owner of M1 is Sun Shi, or Sun Gongyuan by another name. The excavation provided material data of great significance to studying the Eastern Jin tomb shape and burial custom in the Nanjing area, as well as the casting technology and using institution of the then seals with legends on the six sides.

   
Tang Luoyang City Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Excavation of Tang and Song building-
foundations North of Zhongzhou Road in Luoyang City, Henan

KEY WORDS: Henan    Luoyang    remains of a Tang period corridor    remains of
              a Song period palace
ABSTRACT: In December 1997 to May 1998, excavation revealed Tang and Song Building-foundations superimposed upon each other in the primary school north of Zhongzhou Road within Luoyang City, i.e. a little to the west of the middle of the palace-city within Sui and Tang Luoyang. The unearthed objects include porcelain articles, copper coins and an amount of building material. Among the discovered building ruins are remains of a north-to-south corridor, including its foundations and pavements, stone column-bases and -pits, and tile-shard path on the western side. The discovered pavilion of the late Northern Song is rather large in size; its vestiges consist of the remaining main hall, auxiliary houses, five courtyards and three corridors. This is the ruined palace largest in scale and clearest in form so far recorded in the palace-city of West Capital of Luoyang that belongs to the Five Dynasties and Northern Song period.


Zhang Qianglu, A Preliminary Study of the Neolithic Cultural Pedigree in the Bailong River
Valley

KEY WORDS: Bailong River valley      Neolithic culture      Dalijiaping site   
              Yangshao culture     Majiayao culture                   
ABSTRACT: With the periodization of the Dalijiaping site in Wudu County of southern Gansu as the scale and with the results of previous archaeological surveys taken into account, the Neolithic culture in the Bailong River valley can be preliminarily divided into four periods with seven stages. Compared with the archaeological cultures in surrounding areas, its first period should be assigned to the Banpo type of Yangshao culture, the second to the Yangshao Miaodigou phase, and the third to the Yangshao complex represented by Dadiwan IV. In the fourth period, the Neolithic in the Qinling Mountains valley of the lower Bailong River area evolved to the late type of Yangshao represented by Dalijiaping III, while that of the southern Gansu plateau in the upper Bailong River valley differentiated and became the Majiayao type with regional features.


   Jia Jinbiao et al., On the Cultural Remains in the Northern Area of Gejiazhuang Site

KEY WORDS: Gejiazhuang site    northern area    pre-dynastic Shang culture
              mid Shang culture
ABSTRACT: The rich material data recently unearthed from the Gejiazhuang site offered further information about the aspect of archaeological cultures in southern Hebei of the Xia and Shang period, and especially the 1998-1999 extensive excavation in the northern area of the site brought to light important achievements. Analyzing the remains of the pre-dynastic Shang and those of the Shang proper recorded in this part, and taking into account recently unearthed material, the pre-dynastic Shang remains on the Gejiazhuang site can be divided into three phases. Furthermore, analyzing the data of these phases, we can put forward the concept “Gejiazhuang culture.” The mid Shang cultural remains of the site also fall into three phases. Their discovery provided important clues for solving the problem of Xing in the record “Zu Yi moved to Xing,” which has long been disputed in historical circles.


Ma Wenkuan, Some Ideas on Ceramic Archaeology: A Review of the “Special Issue on
Ceramic Archaeology: Excavation and Study” of the Journal Wen Wu
KEY WORDS: ceramic archaeology      lead-glazed pottery in the Han period      blue-and-white      porcelain in the Yuan period      academic contention
ABSTRACT:  As a “Special Issue of Ceramic Archaeology: Excavation and Study,” the Wen Wu 2001: No. 11 publishes several papers on topical subjects in the study of ceramic archaeology. Of them the two preliminary excavation reports give accounts of archaeological accomplishments from two Yue and Ru kiln-sites respectively. The former pushes the terminal date of Yue ware from the Northern Song down to the Southern Song, and the latter makes an inference on the nature and date of the Ru kiln-site at Qingliangsi though the authors’ opinion is disputable. The theses deal in depth with lead-glazed pottery in the Han period, white-slipped porcelain with scraped and incised designs in the Song and Yuan period, Jingdezhen blue-and-white ware in the Yuan period, Zhangzhou blue-and-white ware at the turn from the Ming to the Qing, etc. However, some problems discussed in these articles call for still more profound study. They include the emergence and evolution of lead-glazing techniques, the origin of  decoration with scraped and incised designs, the date of the large-scale production and exportation of Yuan period blue-and-white porcelain, and the development of porcelain making technology in the Yuan period. Besides, some errors and deficiencies have slipped into the paper “Porcelain from Official Kilns in the Emperor Wenzong Era of the Yuan Dynasty.”

 

 

 
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