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HomePublicationJournalsKaogu (Archaeology)
kaogu 2005-1
From:  Writer:  Date:2004-12-18

                                                                         KAOGU
                                                                   (Archaeology)
                                                                      No. 1, 2005


Main Contents

Shandong Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, et al., Discovery and Excavation of Longshan
Culture City-walls on the Jiaochangpu Site in Chiping, Shandong ---------------------------(3)
Anyang Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Tombs of the Yin and Western Zhou Periods at
Locus North of Liujiazhuang within the Yin Ruins in Anyang City, Henan -----------------(7)
Jilin Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Wangqing County
Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Excavation on the Shuibei Site of the
Bronze Age in Wangqing County, Jilin-------------------------------------------------------------(24)
Linzi District Bureau of Culture, Tombs of the Warring States Period at Zhaojiaxuyao in
Linzi District, Zibo City, Shandong ----------------------------------------------------------------(32)
Shucheng County Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Song Period Tomb
    at Sanli Village in Shucheng County, Anhui ------------------------------------------------------(45)
Wang Yongbo, An Identification of the Engraved Signs on the Kylin-foot-shaped Gold Ingots
from the Han Tomb on Mt. Shuangru, Shandong ------------------------------------------------(52)
Feng Shi, A Study of the Constellation Map in a Western Han Mural Tomb at Yintun,
Luoyang-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(64)
Lǖ Hongliang, Face Up to “World Chinese Archaeology:” A Review of the Essays in Honor
of An Zhimin -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(88)


Abstract

Shandong Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, et al., Discovery and Excavation of Longshan
Culture City-walls on the Jiaochangpu Site in Chiping, Shandong

KEY WORDS: western Shandong    Jiaochangpu    Longshan culture    city-site
ABSTRACT: In April-July 2004, the Research Group of the “Excavation and Study of the Longshan Culture Site at Jiaochangpu in Chiping, Shandong” jointly organized by the Shandong Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, the Shandong Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, and the Liaocheng Municipal Bureau of Culture carried out four periods of excavation on the site. They revealed remains of city-walls of the late Shandong Longshan culture and traces of sacrificial pits related to them. The discovery of this city-site is of great significance. The western Shandong area was the juncture of the territories of the Dongyi and Huaxia cultural blocs, so its cultural contents were rather complex, and the relationship between the two great blocs has been in the center of scholars’ attention. The Jiaochangpu City of Longshan culture may have been developed just in such special environments, and, of course, has important value in the social aspect.


Jilin Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Wangqing County Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Excavation on the Shuibei Site of the Bronze Age in Wangqing County

KEY WORDS: Jilin    Shuibei site    Bronze Age
ABSTRACT: In October 1996 and ? 1997, the Jilin Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and other institutions carried out two seasons of small-scale excavation. The discoveries include a house-foundation and an ash-pit, as well as 56 pottery vessels and stone tools. Based on the stratigraphical evidence and the shapes of unearthed objects, the excavated remains can be divided into two phases. The early phase is represented by the House-foundation 96F1 and belongs to the Spring-and-Autumn period. The late phase embraces Ash-pit 96H1, Ditch 96G1 and stone implements, dates from about the Warring States period, and must belong to the late Liutingdong culture.


Anyang Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, Tombs of the Yin and Western Zhou Periods at Locus North of Liujiazhuang within the Yin Ruins in Anyang City, Henan

KEY WORDS: Yin Ruins       Locus North of Liujiazhuang        Yin tombs   
              Western Zhou tombs
ABSTRACT: In 1998, the Anyang Archaeological Team, IA, CASS, excavated 96 tombs at Locus North of Liujiazhuang within the Yin Ruins in Anyang City, of which 41 Yin burials and 26 Western Zhou ones are reported in the present paper. The Yin graves are all furnished with wooden coffins. The tomb-owners are mostly in an extended supine position and occasionally lies prone. 29 tombs have waist-pits, which contain dog victims in some cases. The funeral objects include chiefly pottery of the gu cup, jue drinking vessel, dish, li tripod, gui food container, dou stemmed vessel and jar, and also bronzes, jades and bone artifacts. These Yin tombs can be divided into four phases. The Western Zhou tombs are all rectangular earthen pits, mostly without waist-pits, generally furnished with wooden coffins with the tomb-owners lying in an extended supine position. The grave goods consist principally of pottery li, gui, dou and jars, and also some bronzes and jades. These tombs fall into four phases and can be dated to the time from the early to the earlier mid stage of the Western Zhou.


Linzi District Bureau of Culture, Tombs of the Warring States Period at Zhaojiaxuyao in Linzi District, Zibo City, Shandong

KEY WORDS: Shadong    Zhaojiaxuyao    stone-filled wooden-chambered earthen-pit
              tombs   Warring States period    painted clay tomb-figurines
ABSTRACT: In November 2001, the Archaeological Team of Linzi District Bureau of Culture excavated two tombs of the Warring States period at Zhaojiaxuyao, Yongliu Town, 2.4 km south of the ancient Qi State capital Linzi. Either tomb is a stone-filled wooden-chambered earthen pit. Tomb M1 has an intact funeral objects pit, which yielded a number of ritual bronzes, including two ding tripods, two dou stemmed vessels and two pots; a single-pole chariot was found on the second-tier platform. In M2, the niche contains painted clay tomb-figurines, fine in workmanship and bright in color. The excavation provided new important data for studying the burial institution of the Qi State in the Warring States period, as well as sculpture and dress at that time.


Shucheng County Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments, Song Period Tomb at Sanli Village in Shucheng County, Anhui

KEY WORDS: Shucheng County    earthen-pit tomb    Song period
ABSTRACT: In June 1998, the Anhui Shucheng County Office for the Preservation of Ancient Monuments revealed a Song period tomb in the rescuing excavation at the kiln of Sanli Village in Chengguan Town. This is a rectangular earthen-pit grave with three wooden coffins in a north-to-south row, which contain a male and two female skeletons. The funeral objects include mainly porcelain of the bowl, dish, jar, pot, yu container and cup, and also a small number of pottery vessels, bronze mirrors, silver articles and copper coins. The finds and tomb shape suggest that the tomb belonged to the late Northern Song period.


Wang Yongbo, An Identification of the Engraved Signs on the Kylin-foot-shaped Gold Ingots from the Han Tomb on Mt. Shuangru, Shandong

KEY WORDS: Han period    gold    coins    signs    identification
ABSTRACT: In the history of China, gold coins were used during and left over from the Han period in the greatest quantity. Among the finds the commonest are kylin-foot-shaped; and horse-hoof-shaped occur in a small number. Most of them bear engraved legends or stamped seals,  and a number of non-character and non-numeral signs remain beyond understanding. The gold ingots from the Han tomb on Mt. Shuangru in Changqing largely have such engravings. In the author’s opinion, these signs can be identified as weight marks without measure units based on the composition manner of numerical signs in remote antiquity and the fact that the gold ingots from Nanyaozhuang in Jiangsu Xuyi bear similar signs as well as weight marks with definite measure units. In the light of the composition manners of numerical signs, the weight marks under discussion can be included into two categories with six marking manners. This identification is of great significance to studying the monetary policy, the minting, use and measure of gold money, and the relationship of the central dynasty with the princedoms in the Han period.


Feng Shi, A Study of the Constellation Map in a Western Han Mural Tomb at Yintun, Luoyang

    KEY WORDS: Luoyang Yitun       Western Han period         mural tomb   
                  constellation map
    ABSTRACT: The mural tomb of the Xinmang period discovered at Yintun, Luoyang, is a Han grave with a constellation map painted on the ceiling of the dome-chamber. The present paper deals in detail with the astronomic connotation of the map and its value in cultural history and reveals the ancient Chinese people’s distinctive understanding of the interrelationship between astronomic phenomena and human culture. The study is of certain significance to research into the history of ancient Chinese science-and-technology and culture.


Lǖ Hongliang, Face Up to “World Chinese Archaeology:” A Review of the Essays in Honor of An Zhimin

KEY WORDS: Essays in Honor of An Zhimin    transformation    Chinese archaeology
ABSTRACT: The book Essays in Honor of An Zhimin is a collection of 37 papers in congratulation of Prof. An’s 80th birthday, which range from the Paleolithic Age to the 11th century and cover the whole East Asian continent, Southeast Asia and the Eurasian steppes. The authors are largely mid-age and young scholars recently engaged spiritedly in front fields of East Asian archaeology. On the academic background with various aspects shedding radiance to each other, the book can be rated as a focus of “Chinese archaeological researches with a world-wide view.” The theoretical and methodological pluralization, the trans-disciplinary field of vision and the meticulous survey presented from the whole volume constitute an excellent visual angle for examining the transformation of Chinese archaeology in the new century, as well as an in-dispensable character of world Chinese archaeology.

 

 
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