An Excavation Report of Zhongtaizi Site in Yun County, Hubei Province
【Author】 Hubei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology(Wuhan, Hubei 430077)
【Abstract】 The site is located at the borders area of northwestern Hubei, Sichuan and Shanxi provinces. It yields cultural materials affiliated with Neolithic Yangshao, Qujialing and Shijiahe cultures, as well as Zhou Dynasty and Tang Dynasty. Artifacts of Neolithic cultures at this site bears characteristics prevailed in both Central Plain and Jianghan Region, which represents an indigenous regional culture that was developed through interactions with the neighboring cultures in the Upper and Middle Han River regions. The Zhou Dynasty cultural aspect of this site inherited and developed from that in the Central Plain,it also belongs to the Chu Culture. As we known, the northwestern Hubei is a significant area in the formation of early Chu Culture. As its influence strengthens, it expanded southward and gradually formed into the typical Chu Culture. The word "君市Junshi" inscribed on the handle of pottery Dou(stemmed dish) excavated from the site possibly refers to the "official market" under controls of the Lord of Chu State. This is a great value towards the study of the functions of commercial markets in the Chu State.
【Key words】 Yun County； Zhongtaizi Site； Neolithic period； Zhou Culture；
An Excavation Report of the Bojiawan Site in Danjiangkou City, Hubei Province
【Author】 Hubei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology(Wuhan,Hubei 430077)
【Abstract】 Located in the Bojiawan Village under the administration of Danjiangkou City, Hubei Province, the site is situated on landscape in the Han River Valley. Cultural chronology of this site ranges from the Middle Spring-and-Autumn period to Early Warring States period. The pottery assemblages are represented by predominant red wares, including a large number of Chu-style li tripod vessels. The excavation yields new archaeological data for studying Chu Culture in the reservoir area of Danjiangkou.
【Key words】 Danjiangkou； Bojiawan Site； Eastern Zhou remains；
Northward Expanding of the Longqiuzhuang Culture and the Formation of the Dawenkou Culture
【Author】 Han Jianye(Beijing 100083)
【Abstract】 The Dawenkou Culture is formed on the basis of the Beixin Culture and meanwhile deeply affected by the northward expanding Longqiuzhuang Culture in the Jianghuai area. After its formation, it continued to interact intercommunicated with cultures in the Jianghuai and Jiangzhe areas, which were influenced by the Yangshao Culture. Thus cultures in the Haidai area became fairly similar to the cultures in the Jianghuai and Jiangzhe areas, in terms forming formed a cultural system that produced pottery ware types such as Ding-tripod, Dou(stemmed dish),jar, cup and Gui(or He, wine vessel).From the view of this point, previous definitions of the "Qinglian’gang Culture" is approved to be relevant.
【Key words】 Dawenkou Culture； Longqiuzhuang Culture； Qinglian’gang Culture；
A Study on the Newly Excavated Bronzes from Tomb M139 at the Daxinzhuang Site in Jinan
【Author】 Zhang Changping(Wuhan,430072)
【Abstract】 The excavation of Tomb M139 at the Daxinzhuang Site, Jinan, is one of the most remarkable discoveries in the year 2010.This discovery of this tomb is significant given its high rank and the large number of bronzes being excavated from the areas away from the center of the Shang Culture .This paper points out that these bronzes embodies the have a characteristic of the typical Shang Culture, but also exhibit features that are less technologically-advance than those of Shang Culture. Whereas the time is comparatively later, i.e. A majority of the bronzes belongs to the time of Yinxu Culture, yet have characteristics of the early Erligang Culture, thus it indicates that they belong to the local and independent casting bronzes of the Shang Culture System.
【Key words】 Daxinzhuang Site； Tomb M139； bronzes；
A Study on the Owner of the Zijiying Bronzes
【Author】 Huang Jinqian(Kaifeng,Henan 475001)
【Abstract】 Through a comparative study on the inscriptions of Zijiying bronzes,this paper believe considers that the "Zijiying Yu囗子季嬴囗盂"(basin of Zijiying) is afflicted with State of Huang whose clan’ name by Ying. "Zijiying Qinghu 子季嬴青瑚"(blue vessel of Zijiying) also belongs to the Huang people, who were later under the control of Chu State. In the paper the author also analyzes several characters in the inscriptions.
【Key words】 Zijiying basin； Zijiying vessel； Huang State；
A Discussion on the Guofenglou Type Archaeological Culture
【Author】 He Xiaolin; Gao Chongwen(Beijing,100081)
【Abstract】 Through the archaeological work of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project, a large number of potteries of Western Zhou Period are discovered in the border areas of Shaanxi, Henan, and Hubei provinces. The special archaeological culture existed in this area could be called "Guofenglou Type Culture". Based on an analysis of the newly-excavated pottery, this paper suggests that the culture might have affiliated with the Chu Culture in the Western Zhou Period.
【Key words】 Guofenglou Type Archaeological Culture； archaeological culture； early Chu Culture；
A Study on the Material Character of the "Xiongqu Granting Three Sons" Recorded in Chushijia of Shiji
【Author】 Zheng Wei(Wuhan, Hubei 430072)
【Abstract】 Based on related documents and researches, the author analyzes the inscription of "Xiongqu entitled kings to three sons", which is recorded in Chushijia(the Chu Noble Family) of Shiji(Records of Grand Historian),concludes that the king titles were initially initially were only honorary or divining titles;however, through a long period of historic interpretations, the three sons were considered to be real kings and this view was also adopted by Sima Qian and was recorded in his Shiji.
【Key words】 Chu Shijia(Noble Family)； Xiongqu Granting Three Sons； Character of Historical Materials；
Analysis on Square Dou and the Warning Vessel on the Right
【Abstract】 Square Dou豆 is one a kind of vessel that has often been found from in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty tombs in the Chu Region. Since the lower part of them the Dou includes a handle and a base, as the same as that of the round saucer Dou in Eastern Zhou, and The upper part of them are square saucers, thus they are often called Square Dou due to its squared plate. According to the inscriptions associated with the Dou, this paper argues that the Square Dou is evolved from the Uneven Vessel欹器,or the Warning Vessel on the Right宥坐之器,and that such vessels should be affiliated with Chu Culture.
【Key words】 bronze square Dou； bronze inscriptions； ■； 攲； the Warning Vessel on the Right；
Two Issues on Stone-Coffin Tombs at the Jiashan Site in Li County
【Author】 He Kunyu, Zhang Zhengang(Chengdu, Sichuan 610072)
【Abstract】 The stone-coffin tombs at this site were identified in the Upper Min River area. This paper analyzes the dates and chronology of the tombs, and further discusses the migrations process and cultural interaction with Central China in this area based on the change of the burial goods.
【Key words】 Jiashan Site of Li County； Stone Coffin Burial； Period Division； Migration Process；
A Brief Study on the Waist Pits in Tombs of Tang Dynasty and Five Dynasties
【Author】 Cui Shiping, Li Haiqun (Wuhan, Hubei 430072)(Urumqi ,Xinjiang 830046)
【Abstract】 The yaoken(Waist Pits) were used to preserve the funeral objects before Han Dynasty, while those appearing in the tombs of Tang Dynasty are associated with the Taoist funeral ritual. The stone boxes and the gods-and-spirits figures in the tombs of Tang Dynasty and Five Dynasties functions as have a function of giving peace to the spirits and the tombs safety of the tomb. In Five Dynasties, the Waist Pits are mainly found in high-ranking tombs of southern China. The pit is a different kind type of tomb contents from the Golden Well which is used to connect the ground.
【Key words】 tombs of Tang Dynasty and Five Dynasties； gods-and-spirits figures； Waist Pit； Golden Well；
Archaeological Stratum Study on the Jiahu Neolithic Site in Henan province
【Author】 Fan Xiaopan1 Qin Ying2 Yao Zhengquan3(1.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,100049;2.Department of history of science and archaeometry, University of science and technology of China,Hefei,230026;3.Archaeology institute of Anhui province,Hefei,230061)
【Abstract】 The Jiahu Site is the earliest Neolithic site at present in the Central Plain belonging to the Peiligang Culture. This paper studies researches the environment of that time firstly, according to the granularity analyses and element analyses of samples collected from archaeological strata in the section of excavated pit 107B and T43, and then tries to use using the content of chemical element of the earth to compare with the layers of different excavated pits and establish the relationship between of them. It suggests that the Neolithic sediments at Jiahu are mainly composed of the alluvial deposits mixed with part of fluvial sediment. The climate during the early Neolithic was warm and moist and tended to gradually dry and cool during the later period.
【Key words】 Jiahu； granularity； element analyses； environmental archaeology；
A Study on the Gold and Silver Wares Excavated from Cliff Tombs of Jin Dynasty in Cuiping Mountain Site,Zhong County of Chongqing City
【Author】 Tie-quan ZHU1 Hong Wang 2 Zhaojing Chen2 Limin Hu2 Zhi Yu 3(Guangzhou,Guangdong 510275)
【Abstract】 By using nondestructive methods of Mirco-Energy dispersive X-ray Florence Probe, Raman Spectroscopy and X-ray electronic spectrometer, the gold and silver wares excavated from the Cliff Tombs in Cuiping Mountain Site, Zhong County of Chongqing, were analyzed. The analysis indicates that samples of the gold wares have high content of Au（>90%）,with a certain amount of micro-elements such as Ag, Cu, Ni ,Rb, et.al, and that samples of silver have high content of Ag（97.3898.85%）,with a certain amount of micro-elements S, Cr, Ni, Zn, Au, etal. The analysis also shows that black corrosion on the surface of silver is Ag2S,and that of brown is Cu2O.Meanwhile,content of Cu in one of silver samples is as high as 3.19%,with 95.3% of Ag, which is an important base for the research of ancient technique of Ag-Cu alloy.
【Key words】 Cliff Tombs； gold and silver wares； Mirco-Energy dispersive X-ray Florence Probe； Raman Spectroscopy； X-ray electronic spectrometer；
Supplementary Notes on Several Words in Burial Goods Inventories of Warring States Period
【Author】 Tian He(Xi’an, Shaanxi)
【Abstract】 Inventories of burial goods excavated from the Chu Region have been studied carefully by many scholars. Combined with historical and archaeological materials, this paper analyses the meaning of several words, and considers that "正车" refers to"钲车",which means the vehicle for carrying Zheng (bell-shaped gong used in march),"纷" is the over-sleeve used in arrow shooting,"见鬼之衣" is the gift for the god of the netherworld, and "红介之留衣" is a red checked or striped silk coat. 更多还原
【Key words】 正车Zhengche； 纷拾Fenshi； 见鬼之衣Jianguizhiyi； 红介之留衣Hongjiezhiliuyi；
A Study on the Character "Zun尊"
【Author】 Luo Xiaohua(Wuhan, Hubei 430072)
【Abstract】 There are different views on the character consists of the radical 网,日,and廾.It was recorded five times in the 255th and 256th strips of the 《Burial Goods Inventory》 in the Baoshan Bamboo Strips of Chu State. This paper figures out suggests that the character should be interpreted as the character尊,as same as the same character尊recorded in the 7th strip of Chapter Tang Yu Zhi Dao(the Way of Yao and Shun) in the Guodian Bamboo Strip Texts of Chu State. This is probably a vessel name.
【Key words】 the Baoshan Bamboo Strip Texts of Chu State； Inventory of Burial Goods；尊Zun；
Reading Notes on the Classified Compilation on Ancient Chinese Characters (revised and enlarged edition)
【Author】 Li Huizhou(Wuhan, Hubei 430072)
【Abstract】 Classified Compilation on Ancient Chinese Characters(revised and enlarged edition) is a new-published work on ancient Chinese character studies. It contains a comprehensive system, abundant materials, as well as clear pictures. It is an indispensible reference book for learning and studying ancient Chinese characters. On the basis of latest studies, this paper divides the revisable content of the book into seven types, and revises them one by one, hoping to make it more convenient to read.
【Key words】 Classified Compilation on Ancient Chinese Characters, ancient character forms； revision；