An excavation report of Zhangjiaping Site in Yunxi County, Hubei Province (3)
Hubei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology
South – to North Water Transfer Project Office of Hubei Cultural Relics Bureau
Abstract: This site was excavated by Hubei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology from November 2009 to January 2010, in cooperation with the construction of the South – to North Water Transfer Project. It is fairly clearly that a majority of its remains belong to Yangshao Culture and Eastern Zhou Culture, and a minority of them belongs to Tang and Song dynasties, including plenty of pottery vessels, stone implements, as well as a few of porcelain wares, iron instruments, and copper coins. This excavation would provide latest data for us to study cultures of upper and middle Han River Region and cultural communication situations of northern and southern China in that time.
Keywords: Zhangjiaping Site, Yangshao Cultural remains, Eastern Zhou Cultural remains, Tang and Song Cultural remains
An excavation report of Eastern Zhou Tombs at Baiheguan Site in Yun County, Hubei Province (20)
Hubei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology
Abstract: Nine Eastern Zhou period tombs were excavated in this site from October 2006 to January 2007, by Hubei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, in cooperation with the construction of the South – to North Water Transfer Project. Shapes of the tomb pits include wide vertical pits, narrow vertical pits, and narrow vertical pits with alcoves. Burial goods include two kinds: ritual potteries in imitation of bronzes, such as Ding (tripod vessel), Dui (vessel for holding cereal), jars, Pan (washing bowl) and Yi (container for pouring water), etc., which were buried in late Warring States period; daily-used vessels, such as Li (cauldron for cooking), Yu (small basin), Dou (shallow saucer) and pots, which were buried in middle-to-late Spring and Autumn period.
Keywords: Baiheguan Site in Yun County, tombs, middle-to-late Spring and Autumn period, late Warring States period
A Preliminary Report of 2005 Excavation of Eastern Zhou Remains at Eastern Region in Huangjiacun Site of Dengcheng, Xiangfan City (33)
Xiangfan Municipal Institute of Cultural and Relics and Archaeology
Abstract: Nine square units of 10m×10m (100 square meters each) were excavated at Eastern Region on Huangjiacun Site, located on the eastern side of Dengcheng site of Xiangfan City, by Xiangfan Municipal Institute of Cultural and Relics and Archaeology, in December 2005. Ten ash-pits and one well of the Zhou period were revealed, from which a large number of potteries were excavated, including Li( cauldron for cooking), Yan( steamer), Yu( small basin), Dou (shallow saucer) and pots, etc. These remains belong to Deng State culture, and the time of them is from late Western Zhou to early Spring and Autumn period.
Keywords: Huangjiacun Site, Deng State settlement, late Western Zhou to early Spring and Autumn period
An Excavation Report of a Jin Dynasty Tomb at Jiangdongzui Site of Wushan County, Chongqing City(45)
Archaeology Program of History School, Nanjing University
Abstract: Located in Wushan County, Chongqing City, the Jiangdongzui site was excavated by the Archaeology Program of History School, Nanjing University, during the autumn of 2001. The most important discovery from this excavation is a Western Jin Dynasty tomb (No.47). This is a brick-chambered tomb with an arch roof and T-shape structure where five persons were buried. Burial goods include more than 30 sets of green porcelain, gold and silver hair ornaments, strings of beads ornaments, bronze belt hooks, bronze mirrors, bronze crossbows, etc., the types of which are very similar to those found from other Jin Dynasty tombs in northern area. Therefore this finding provides important data for studying burial and living customs of the Three Gorges area during Western Jin period.
Keywords: Chongqing, Jiangdongzui of Wushan County, Western Jin Dynasty, tombs
Analysis on the Rise Background of the Ancient Shijiehe City from an Environmental History Viewpoint (65)
Abstract: The origin time of the middle Yangtze River civilization is earlier than many others, since the Three Miao people created a special southern civilization on the basis of rice agriculture, and established their chiefdom, the center of which is located in the Ancient Shijiahe City of present Tianmen. This paper points out that why this place is selected as the center is because of its benign environment. Environmental factors include not only natural ones, such as climate, flood, soil, and ecological conditions, but also include human ones, such as moves of the rice agricultural center, changes of the social and cultural communication situation, and among all of them, the northward move of the rice agriculture center should be considered as the most essential reason.
Keywords: the Ancient Shijiahe City of Tianmen, natural environment, human environment
A discussion on Double-drilled Oracle Bones and Early Spring Period Chu Culture (72)
Abstract: Double-drilled Oracle Bones is a kind of typical relics unearthed in archaeological excavations. Based on an analysis of the co-existing potteries and making and drilling method of these oracle bones, this paper considers that they are typical Chu culture relics, and were used from late Western Zhou to early Spring and Autumn period.
Keywords: double-drilled, oracle Bones, making and drilling, co-existing potteries
A study on the Time of Chu Style Ritual Bronzes in Yugang Cemetery, Xiangfan City (77)
Abstract: Yugang Cemetery, located outside of the Dengcheng site, is a very important cemetery that contains tombs of Chu State, Qin and Han dynasties. Among the 174 tombs excavated from 2004 to 2005, forty ritual bonzes were found from sixteen of them, including seventeen Ding(tripods),one basin, two Zhan(drinking cups), three Fu(food containers), eight Dui (vessel for holding cereal), one box, four Zunfou (wine containers), three He(water vessels), and one Yi(container for pouring water). On the basis of typology studies to these bronzes, this paper concludes that the relative time of them is from last decades of middle Spring and Autumn period to last decades of middle Warring States period, and then analyses their shapes, vessel combinations, evolutions of decorative patterns, and developing sequences, therefore established a foundation for future studies on this issue.
Keywords: Yugang Cemetery, Chu Style Ritual Bronze, period Division
On the Astronomical Phenomenon “The Sun Incorporates the New Moon in the Corner Orientation” Recorded in Lacquer Paintings from the Tomb of Marquise Yi of Zeng State (90)
Abstract: The “four- corner orientation” was differentiated as “corner orientation in the sky” and “corner orientation on the ground” in Chinese cosmology. The lacquer writing “the sun incorporates with the new moon in the corner orientation”, discovered from the tomb of Marquise Yi of Zeng 曾State, indicates that the sun and the new moon meets at the Gen 艮orientation on the sky, and it is also a special astronomical phenomenon recorded in the Zhuan Xu Calender 颛顼历 that the sun and the moon arrived at the same ecliptic longitude with springs-begins occurred in the early morning on the first day of the first lunar month and the sun and the moon booth arrived in the “Ying Shi 营室 five degree”. From the lacquer writing “civilian sacrificed the Fang (房) star”, it can be known the Fang(房) star presents to meridian passage and was a culminant star in the early morning. “Culminant star”, “sun place” and “new moon place” confirmed each other that “the sun incorporates with the new moon in the corner orientation” was the astronomical phenomenon that “spring begins at the first day of the year”.
Keywords: Tomb of Marquise Yi of Zeng State, Spring begins, New moon, Astronomical phenomenon, Spring begins at the first day of the year
A study on the Geographic Location and Evolution of the Xiang City during Ming Dynasty (100)
Abstract: In the Hongwu era(1368-1398) of Ming Dynasty, Zhu Bo, the twelfth son of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang was crowned the King of Xiang. He resided in Jingzhou, and built a huge place named Xiang City. In the last years of last century, the Ancient Jiwoshan City was found outside the west walls of the ancient Jingzhou city, which was considered as the remains of the Xiang City. Based on careful studies of historical documents, this paper firstly concludes that the Xiang City is located inside of the Jiangzhou city walls, not out of them, and then discusses the evolution, building area, demolition time and demolition cause of the city.
Keywords: Ming Dynasty, Xiang City, geographical location, evolution
A Dental Morphological Observation and Survey on Human Remains of Eastern Zhou to Han Dynasty at Qiaojiayuan Cemetery of Yun County (106)
Zhou Mi, Huang Yuhong
Abstract: With dental anthropology method, this paper studies human remains of Eastern Zhou to Han Dynasty, excavated from the Qiaojiayuan Cemetery of Yun County, Hubei province. This provides abundant knowledge to the characteristics of teeth shapes, records every item of teeth survey data of ancient residents, thus adds rich proofs for learning the microevolution of modern human beings.
Keywords: Yun County, the Qiaojiayuan cemetery, tooth, shape characteristics
Ancient Traditional Craftwork in Three-Dimensional Animation (113)
Wang Wei, Wang Jinchao, Sheng You
Abstract: Three-Dimensional Animation is a new technique appeared along with the development of computer hard and soft ware techniques in recent years. Owing to its accuracy, authenticity and infinite operability, it is widely used in different aspects. However, it is rarely used in traditional craftwork technique studies. This paper firstly studies ancient bronze casting techniques, and then displays the process of how to make a soil model of the Panchi(interlaced-hydras) pattern edge, of the Zun(wine container) of Marquise Yi of Zeng State, based in the Three-Dimensional Animation technique. Since this technique makes it easier to understand complicated ancient craftwork, it is not only useful in academic studies, but also makes it possible to explain the ancient Chinese craftwork to all Chinese people.
Keywords: traditional craftwork, Three-Dimensional Animation, supposed reality
An Interpretation on “ Fu Er Xun Zhi俯而寻之” Recorded in the Bamboo Strip Text “凡物流形 Fan Wu Liu Xing”(123)
Abstract: It is evidently wrong that “俯而寻之”, recorded in “凡物流形 Fan Wu Liu Xing”, one text of Volume 7of the bamboo strip manuscripts collected by Shanghai Museum, is read as “任而伏之” by the editor. This paper considers that the so-called “任” should be read as “俯”, “伏” should be written as “寻”, and then interprets the meaning of this sentence.
Keywords: bamboo strip text, character structer, Fu俯, Xun寻
Reading Notes on the text “ Wei Li Zhi Dao为吏之道” of the Shuihudi Qin Dynasty Bamboo Strip Manuscripts (125)
Abstract: This paper points out that some note mistake of the text “Wei Li Zhi Dao为吏之道” of the Shuihudi Qin Dynasty Bamboo Strip Manuscripts, and gives them new interpretations after examining historical and excavated documents carefully.
Keywords: Qin Dynasty Bamboo Strip Manuscripts, reading notes
Re-discussion on “Da Nei 大内” and “Shao Nei少内”in Qin and Han dynasty from Newly-discovered Bamboo Strip Manuscripts (140)
Abstract: There are different views on the functions of “Da Nei 大内” and “Shao Nei少内”, and relationships between them during Qin and Han dynasties. Based on analysis of newly published Qin and Han bamboo strip manuscripts, this paper points out that in Qin Dynasty, Shao Nei was set in local counties, in charge of their financial income and expense, whereas in central government, it may not ever exist. In Han Dynasty, Shao Nei was not only set in counties, in order to charge their finance, but also was set in central government, to take care of royal possessions. Da Nei was in charge of national treasury, both in Qin and Han. Shao Nei and Da Nei of every county in Qin had professional communications with each other, but both of them were under administration of the county magistratr.
Keywords: Da Nei, Shao Nei, Qin Dynasty Bamboo Strip Manuscripts from Liye, Han Dynasty Bamboo Strip Manuscripts from Zhangjiashan, Han Dynasty Bamboo Strip Manuscripts from Xuanquanzhi of Dunhuang